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"Facts and Evidence in Litigation under the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic) and the Human Rights Act 2004 (ACT)"   flag 

(2012) 36 Melbourne University Law Review 287
Tran, Christopher
Melbourne University Law Review
Australia

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Human Rights Amendment Bill 2007 (ACT)
Human Rights Bill 2003 (ACT)
Bail Act 1992 (ACT) s9C, s18
Crimes (Sentence Administration) Act 2005 (ACT) s18, s150
Human Rights Act 2004 (ACT)
Supreme Court Act 1933 (ACT) s68B
Domestic Violence and Protection Orders Act 2001 (ACT) s14, s51A
Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 (Cth)
Judiciary Act (Cth)
High Court Rules (Cth)
Supreme Court (NSW) s62
Offences Act (SA) s7
Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Bill 2006 (Vic)
Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic) s7
Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (Vic) s5, s7
Residential Tenancies Act 1997 (Vic) s7, s13
Victorian Civil and Administrative (Vic)
Court (General Civil Procedure) Rules 2005 (Vic)
Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) s90
Serious Sex Offenders Monitoring Act 2005 (Vic) s11
Human Rights Act 1998

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Noone v Operation Smile (Aust) Inc [2012] VSCA 91; (2012) 38 VR 569 Supreme Court of Victoria - Court of Appeal Australia - Victoria 11 May 2012 AustLII flag 31
"Hierarchy and Heterogeneity: How to Read a Statute in a Lower Court" (2012) 97 Cornell Law Review 433 Cornell Law Review United States circa 2012 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
WK v R [2011] VSCA 345; (2011) 33 VR 516; (2011) 216 A Crim R 421 Supreme Court of Victoria - Court of Appeal Australia - Victoria 30 Nov 2011 AustLII flag 8
Director of Housing v Sudi [2011] VSCA 266; (2011) 33 VR 559 Supreme Court of Victoria - Court of Appeal Australia - Victoria 6 Sep 2011 AustLII flag 90
Betfair Pty Ltd v Racing New South Wales; Sportsbet v New South Wales [2011] HCATrans 232 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 1 Sep 2011 AustLII flag 1
Plaintiff M70/2011 v Minister for Immigration and Citizenship [2011] HCA 32; (2011) 244 CLR 144; (2011) 280 ALR 18; (2011) 85 ALJR 891; (2011) 122 ALD 237 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Aug 2011 AustLII flag 272
Betfair Pty Ltd v Racing New South Wales; Sportsbet Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2011] HCATrans 230 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 30 Aug 2011 AustLII flag 1
Collier v Austin Health [2011] VSC 344; (2011) 36 VR 1 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 27 Jul 2011 AustLII flag 11
PJB v Melbourne Health [2011] VSC 327; (2011) 39 VR 373 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 19 Jul 2011 AustLII flag 56
Re Application for Bail by Samnang Oeur [2011] ACTSC 108 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 10 Jun 2011 AustLII flag 1
Noone v Operation Smile (Australia) Inc (No 2) [2011] VSC 153 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 19 Apr 2011 AustLII flag 14
Ministry of Health v Atkinson HC Auckland CIV-2010-404-000287 [2011] NZHC 202 High Court of New Zealand New Zealand 11 Mar 2011 NZLII flag 1
"How to Find Facts in Constitutional Cases" (2011) 30 Civil Justice Quarterly 304 Civil Justice Quarterly United Kingdom circa 2011 Westlaw flag 1
Deference and the Presumption of Constitutionality ’ [2011] Public Law 453 Public Law United Kingdom circa 2011 Westlaw flag 1
"Deference – an Australian Perspective" [2011] Public Law 75 Public Law United Kingdom circa 2011 Westlaw flag 7
Momcilovic v R (2011) 209 A Crim R 1; (2011) 85 ALJR 957; (2011) 280 ALR 221; (2011) 245 CLR 1; [2011] HCA 34 Australia circa 2011 Legal Online / Westlaw flag 380
Griggs v Sentence Administration Board of ACT [2010] ACTSC 155; 5 ACTLR 185; (2010) 244 FLR 472 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 13 Dec 2010 AustLII flag 2
Blundell v Sentencing Administration Board of the Australian Capital Territory [2010] ACTSC 151; (2010) 5 ACTLR 88; (2010) 245 FLR 424 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 2 Dec 2010 AustLII flag 6
Application for Bail by Islam, Re [2010] ACTSC 147; (2010) 4 ACTLR 235; (2010) 175 ACTR 30; (2010) 244 FLR 158 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 19 Nov 2010 AustLII flag 32
Director of Housing v TK (Residential Tenancies) [2010] VCAT 1839 Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal Australia - Victoria 16 Nov 2010 AustLII flag 7
R v Austin (No 2) [2010] ACTSC 136; (2010) 175 ACTR 15; (2010) 5 ACTLR 70; (2010) 246 FLR 362 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 5 Nov 2010 AustLII flag 4
Slaveski v Victoria [2010] VSC 441 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 1 Oct 2010 AustLII flag 55
Rowe v Electoral Commissioner [2010] HCATrans 204 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 4 Aug 2010 AustLII flag 1
Rowe v Electoral Commissioner [2010] HCATrans 182 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 Jul 2010 AustLII flag 1
A v Essex County Council [2010] UKSC 33; [2011] 1 AC 280; [2010] 4 All ER 199; [2010] 3 WLR 509; [2010] All ER (D) 140; (2010) 117 BMLR 65; [2011] Crim LR 243 United Kingdom Supreme Court United Kingdom 14 Jul 2010 BAILII flag 30
Minister for Immigration and Citizenship v SZMDS [2010] HCA 16; (2010) 240 CLR 611; (2010) 266 ALR 367; (2010) 84 ALJR 369; (2010) 115 ALD 248 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 26 May 2010 AustLII flag 1691
R (on the application by JF (by his litigation friend OF)) v Secretary of State for the Home Department; R (Thompson) v Same [2010] UKSC 17; [2011] 1 AC 331; [2010] 2 All ER 707; [2010] All ER (D) 123; (2010) 113 BMLR 209; [2010] 2 WLR 992 United Kingdom Supreme Court United Kingdom 21 Apr 2010 BAILII flag 46
R v Momcilovic [2010] VSCA 50; (2010) 25 VR 436; (2010) 265 ALR 751 Supreme Court of Victoria - Court of Appeal Australia - Victoria 17 Mar 2010 AustLII flag 108
[2010] Supreme Court Review 35 [2010] Supreme Court Review 35 Supreme Court Review United States circa 2010 flag 1
(2010) 5 ACTLR 170 (2010) 5 ACTLR 170 Australia - Australian Capital Territory circa 2010 Thomson Reuters flag 1
"Reassessing the New Commonwealth Model of Constitutionalism" (2010) 8 International Journal of Constitutional Law 167 International Journal of Constitutional Law United Kingdom circa 2010 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
"Five Years Experience of the Human Rights Act 2004 (ACT): Insights For Human Rights Protection in Australia" (2010) 33 University of New South Wales Law Journal 136 University of New South Wales Law Journal Australia circa 2010 AustLII flag 2
"Structural Judicial Review And The Objection From Democracy" (2010) 60 University of Toronto Law Journal 137 University of Toronto Law Journal Canada circa 2010 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
"Judicial Attitudes to Judicial Review: A Comparative Examination of Justifications Offered for Restricting the Scope of Judicial Review in Australia, Canada and England" (2010) 34 Melbourne University Law Review 1 Melbourne University Law Review Australia circa 2010 AustLII flag 2
[2010] European Human Rights Law Review 589 [2010] European Human Rights Law Review 589 European Human Rights Law Review United Kingdom circa 2010 Westlaw flag 1
"Deference, Dialogue and the Search for Legitimacy" (2010) 30 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 815 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies United Kingdom circa 2010 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
"Democratic Objections To Structural Judicial Review And The Judicial Role In Constitutional Law" (2010) 60 University of Toronto Law Journal 109 University of Toronto Law Journal Canada circa 2010 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
Application for Bail by Breen, Re [2009] ACTSC 172; (2009) 172 ACTR 21 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 31 Dec 2009 AustLII flag 7
ICM Agriculture Pty Ltd v Commonwealth [2009] HCA 51; (2009) 240 CLR 140; (2009) 261 ALR 653; (2009) 84 ALJR 87; (2009) 170 LGERA 373 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 9 Dec 2009 AustLII flag 165
Spatolisano v Hyde [2009] ACTSC 161 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 9 Dec 2009 AustLII flag 5
Lander v Council of the Law Society of the Australian Capital Territory [2009] ACTSC 117; (2009) 168 ACTR 32; (2009) 231 FLR 399 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 11 Sep 2009 AustLII flag 23
Application under Major Crime (Investigative Powers) Act 2004; DAS v Victorian Human Rights & Equal Opportunity Commission [2009] VSC 381; (2009) 24 VR 415; (2009) 198 A Crim R 305 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 7 Sep 2009 AustLII flag 62
R v Kain [2009] ACTSC 103 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 26 Aug 2009 AustLII flag 1
Sleiman v Murray [2009] ACTSC 82; (2009) 231 FLR 224 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 15 Jul 2009 AustLII flag 9
Pape v FCT [2009] HCA 23; (2009) 238 CLR 1; (2009) 257 ALR 1; (2009) 72 ATR 580; (2009) 83 ALJR 765; [2009] ATC 20-116 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 7 Jul 2009 AustLII flag 148
Temoannui v Ford [2009] ACTSC 69; (2009) 231 FLR 216; 196 A Crim R 442 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 29 Jun 2009 AustLII flag 3
Nolan v MBF Investments Pty Ltd [2009] VSC 244; [2009] V Conv R 54-765; [2009] ANZ Conv R 9-025 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 18 Jun 2009 AustLII flag 29
Kracke v Mental Health Review Board [2009] VCAT 646 Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal Australia - Victoria 23 Apr 2009 AustLII flag 84
Lucas-Smith v Coroner's Court of the Australian Capital Territory [2009] ACTSC 40; (2009) 166 ACTR 42 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 8 Apr 2009 AustLII flag 4
R v Fearnside [2009] ACTCA 3; (2009) 3 ACTLR 25; (2009) 165 ACTR 22; (2009) 228 FLR 77; (2009) 193 A Crim R 128 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory - Court of Appeal Australia - Australian Capital Territory 24 Feb 2009 AustLII flag 40
"The meaning of legislation: Context, purpose and respect for fundamental rights" (2009) 20 Public Law Review 26 Public Law Review Australia circa 2009 Legal Online flag 18
Wurridjal v Commonwealth of Australia [2009] HCA 2; (2009) 237 CLR 309; (2009) 252 ALR 232; (2009) 83 ALJR 399; (2009) 169 LGERA 108 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth circa 2009 AustLII flag 128
"Rethinking Judicial Deference To Legislative Fact-Finding" (2009) 84 Indiana Law Journal 1 Indiana Law Journal United States circa 2009 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
"The Empirical Judiciary" (2009) 25 Constitutional Commentary 467 Constitutional Commentary United States circa 2009 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
"Comparativism in Constitutional Interpretation" [2009] New Zealand Law Review 45 New Zealand Law Review New Zealand circa 2009 HeinOnline / Informit / LexisNexis flag 2
RJE v Secretary to the Department of Justice [2008] VSCA 265; (2008) 21 VR 526; (2008) 192 A Crim R 156 Supreme Court of Victoria - Court of Appeal Australia - Victoria 18 Dec 2008 AustLII flag 67
In the matter of an application for bail by Paul Blundell [2008] ACTSC 138 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 3 Dec 2008 AustLII flag 5
DPP (Vic) v Zierk [2008] VSC 184; (2008) 184 A Crim R 582 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 30 May 2008 AustLII flag 12
Guneser v Magistrates' Court of Victoria [2008] VSC 57 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 5 Mar 2008 AustLII flag 2
Ferguson v Walkley [2008] VSC 7; (2008) 17 VR 647; (2008) 180 A Crim R 294 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 31 Jan 2008 AustLII flag 8
Ragg v Magistrates' Court of Victoria [2008] VSC 1; (2008) 18 VR 300; (2008) 179 A Crim R 568 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 24 Jan 2008 AustLII flag 65
"Judicial Review Without Rights: Some Problems for the Democratic Legitimacy of Structural Judicial Review" (2008) 28 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 1 Oxford Journal of Legal Studies United Kingdom circa 2008 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 6
"Judging Facts Like Law" (2008) 25 Constitutional Commentary 69 Constitutional Commentary United States circa 2008 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
"The Principle of Legality and the Bill of Rights Act: A Critical Examination of R v Hansen" (2008) 6 New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law 59 New Zealand Journal of Public and International Law New Zealand circa 2008 HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 18
"Science and Constitutional Fact Finding in Equal Protection Analysis" (2008) 69 Ohio State Law Journal 1115 Ohio State Law Journal United States circa 2008 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
S v DPP (ACT) [2007] ACTSC 100; 1 ACTLR 206 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 21 Dec 2007 AustLII flag 4
R (Countryside Alliance) v Attorney General [2007] UKHL 52; [2008] 1 AC 719; [2008] 2 All ER 95; [2007] 3 WLR 922; 151 Sol Jo 1564; [2008] 2All ER 95 House of Lords United Kingdom 28 Nov 2007 BAILII flag 116
Tomasevic v Travaglini [2007] VSC 337; (2007) 17 VR 100 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 13 Sep 2007 AustLII flag 194
Zardo v Parisi [2007] ACTSC 63; 1 ACTLR 68 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 15 Aug 2007 AustLII flag 1
Thomas v Mowbray [2007] HCA 33; (2007) 233 CLR 307; (2007) 237 ALR 194; (2007) 81 ALJR 1414 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 Aug 2007 AustLII flag 300
Re Unumadu [2007] VSC 258 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 23 Jul 2007 AustLII flag 1
R v Ja [2007] ACTSC 51; (2007) 1 ACTLR 126; (2007) 161 ACTR 1; (2007) 212 FLR 309; (2007) 174 A Crim R 151 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 12 Jul 2007 AustLII flag 5
R v Clayton [2007] SCC 32; [2007] 2 SCR 725; [2007] SCJ No 32 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 6 Jul 2007 Supreme Court of Canada flag 3
Farah Constructions Pty Ltd v Say-Dee Pty Ltd [2007] HCA 22 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 24 May 2007 AustLII flag 1105
R v White [2007] VSC 142 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 7 May 2007 AustLII flag 2
Roach v Electoral Commissioner [2007] HCATrans 187 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 May 2007 AustLII flag 1
R v Hansen [2007] NZSC 7; [2007] 3 NZLR 1; (2007) 8 HRNZ 222; (2007) 23 CRNZ 104 Supreme Court of New Zealand New Zealand 20 Feb 2007 NZLII flag 239
R v Williams [2007] VSC 2; (2007) 16 VR 168 Supreme Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 15 Jan 2007 AustLII flag 27
R (Wilson) v Wychavon District Council [2007] EWCA Civ 52; [2007] QB 801; [2007] BLR 195; [2007] 2 WLR 798; [2007] All ER (D) 79; (2007) 111 Con LR 78 England and Wales Court of Appeal - Civil Division United Kingdom - England and Wales circa 2007 BAILII flag 22
Pappas v Noble [2006] ACTSC 39; 199 FLR 116 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 27 Apr 2006 AustLII flag 6
"The Core of the Case Against Judicial Review" (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1346 Yale Law Journal United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 21
"The Use and Misuse of Comparative Constitutional Law" (2006) 13 Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies 37 Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies United States circa 2006 HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 6
"The Victorian Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities: Origins and Scope" (2006) 30 Melbourne University Law Review 880 Melbourne University Law Review Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 15
Multani v Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys [2006] 1 SCR 256; [2006] SCC 6 circa 2006 18
"Constitutional Fact Finding and the Appropriate Use of Empirical Data in Constitutional Law" (2006) 10 Lewis and Clark Law Review 673 Lewis and Clark Law Review United States circa 2006 HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 1
SI bhnf CC v KS bhnf IS [2005] ACTSC 125; (2005) 195 FLR 151; (2005) 34 Fam LR 468 Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory Australia - Australian Capital Territory 2 Dec 2005 AustLII flag 13
R (Morris) v Westminster City Council; R (Badu) v Lambeth London Borough Council [2005] EWCA Civ 1184; [2006] 1 WLR 505; [2005] All ER (D) 164 England and Wales Court of Appeal - Civil Division United Kingdom - England and Wales 14 Oct 2005 BAILII flag 23
Lancashire County Council v Taylor [2005] EWCA Civ 284; [2005] 1 WLR 2668; [2005] All ER (D) 309 England and Wales Court of Appeal - Civil Division United Kingdom - England and Wales 17 Mar 2005 BAILII flag 21
R v Spence [2005] 3 SCR 458; [2005] SCC 71; [2005] SCJ No 74 Supreme Court of Canada Canada circa 2005 flag 2
A v Secretary of State for the Home Department [2004] UKHL 56; [2005] 2 AC 68; [2005] 3 All ER 169; [2005] 2 WLR 87 House of Lords United Kingdom 16 Dec 2004 BAILII flag 247
UL Canada Inc v Quebec (Attorney General) [2004] 3 SCR 760; [2004] SCC 82; [2004] SCJ No 79 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 10 Dec 2004 Supreme Court of Canada flag 1
Sportodds Systems Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2004] HCATrans 464 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 19 Nov 2004 AustLII flag 1
Zondi v MEC for Traditional and Local Government Affairs [2004] ZACC 19; 2005 3 SA 589 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 15 Oct 2004 SAFLII flag 75
Mulholland v Australian Electoral Commission [2004] HCA 41; (2004) 220 CLR 181; (2004) 209 ALR 582; 78 ALJR 1279 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Sep 2004 AustLII flag 157
Coleman v Power [2004] HCA 39; (2004) 220 CLR 1; (2004) 209 ALR 182; (2004) 78 ALJR 1166 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 1 Sep 2004 AustLII flag 413
Application under s 83 28 of the Criminal Code (Re) [2004] SCC 42; [2004] 2 SCR 248; [2004] SCJ No 40 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 23 Jun 2004 Supreme Court of Canada flag 12
Minister of Home Affairs v National Institute for Crime Prevention and the Reintegration of Offenders (NICRO) [2004] ZACC 10; 2005 3 SA 280 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 3 Mar 2004 SAFLII flag 44
Sheldrake v DPP; Attorney General's Reference (No 4 of 2002) [2004] UKHL 43; [2005] 1 AC 264; [2005] 1 All ER 237; [2004] 3 WLR 976; [2005] RTR 13; (2004) 168 JP 669; (2004) 17 BHRC 339; [2004] All ER (D) 169 House of Lords United Kingdom circa 2004 BAILII flag 103
Khosa v Minister of Social Development [2004] 6 SA 505 South Africa circa 2004 LexisNexis flag 40
Evans v Amicus Healthcare Ltd [2004] 3 WLR 681 United Kingdom circa 2004 LexisNexis / Westlaw flag 2
"Legislative Facts in Charter Litigation: Where are we Now?" (2004) 17 National Journal of Constitutional Law 1 National Journal of Constitutional Law Canada circa 2004 Westlaw flag 1
"Comparative Constitutional Reasoning: The Law and Strategy of Selecting the Right Arguments" (2004) 14 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law 301 Duke Journal of Comparative and International Law United States circa 2004 flag 1
R (British American Tobacco) v Secretary of State for Health [2004] EWHC 2493 High Court of England and Wales United Kingdom - England and Wales circa 2004 BAILII flag
"Importing Constitutional Norms from a "Wider Civilization": Lawrence and the Rehnquist Court's Use of Foreign and International Law in Domestic Constitutional Interpretation" (2004) 65 Ohio State Law Journal 1283 Ohio State Law Journal United States circa 2004 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 5
Sportodds Systems Pty Ltd v New South Wales [2003] FCAFC 237; (2003) 133 FCR 63; (2003) 202 ALR 98 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 Oct 2003 AustLII flag 35
Wilson v First County Trust Ltd (No 2) [2003] UKHL 40; [2004] 1 AC 816; [2003] 4 All ER 97; [2003] 2 All ER (Comm) 491; [2003] 3 WLR 568; [2003] All ER (D) 187; [2003] UKHRR 1085; [2003] HRLR 33 House of Lords United Kingdom 10 Jul 2003 BAILII flag 341
Re Minister for Immigration and Multicultural Affairs; Ex parte Applicant S20/2002 [2003] HCA 30; (2003) 198 ALR 59; (2003) 73 ALD 1; (2003) 24 Leg Rep 10; (2003) 77 ALJR 1165 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 17 Jun 2003 AustLII flag 1201
Phillips v DPP [2003] 3 SA 345 South Africa circa 2003 LexisNexis flag 11
"Constitutional Empiricism: Quasi-Neutral Principles And Constitutional Truths" (2003) 82 North Carolina Law Review 115 North Carolina Law Review United States circa 2003 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
Du Toit v Minister of Welfare and Population Development [2002] ZACC 20; 2003 2 SA 198 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 10 Sep 2002 SAFLII flag 39
R v Shayler [2002] UKHL 11; [2003] 1 AC 247; [2002] 2 All ER 477; [2002] 2 WLR 754; [2002] All ER (D) 320; [2002] UKHRR 603; [2002] HRLR 33; [2002] ACD 58 House of Lords United Kingdom 21 Mar 2002 BAILII flag 117
Woods v Multi-Sport Holdings Pty Ltd [2002] HCA 9; (2002) 208 CLR 460; (2002) 186 ALR 145; (2002) 76 ALJR 483; (2002) 23 Leg Rep 2 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 7 Mar 2002 AustLII flag 239
Bel Porto School Governing Body v Premier, Western Cape [2002] ZACC 2; 2002 3 SA 265 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 21 Feb 2002 SAFLII flag 109
R v Secretary of State for the Home Department; Ex parte Daly [2001] UKHL 26; [2001] 2 AC 532; [2001] 3 All ER 433; [2001] 2 WLR 1622; [2001] UKHRR 887; [2001] HRLR 49; [2001] ACD 79 House of Lords United Kingdom 23 May 2001 BAILII flag 558
R v Lambert [2001] EWHC 719 High Court of England and Wales United Kingdom - England and Wales circa 2001 BAILII flag
R v Find [2001] 1 SCR 863; [2001] SCC 32; 199 DLR (4th) 193 Supreme Court of Canada Canada circa 2001 flag 8
"The New Commonwealth Model of Constitutionalism" (2001) 49 American Journal of Comparative Law 707 American Journal of Comparative Law United States circa 2001 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 10
"Refined Comparativism In Constitutional Law" (2001) 49 UCLA Law Review 539 UCLA Law Review United States circa 2001 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
"Use of History and Other Facts in the Reasoning of the High Court of Australia, The" (2001) 20 University of Tasmania Law Review 129 University of Tasmania Law Review Australia - Tasmania circa 2001 AustLII flag 11
"Narratives of Federalism: Of Continuities and Comparative Constitutional Experience" (2001) 51 Duke Law Journal 223 Duke Law Journal United States circa 2001 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 5
Moise v Greater Germiston Transitional Local Council [2001] 4 SA 491 South Africa circa 2001 LexisNexis flag 31
"The Resurgence of Jurisdictional Facts" (2001) 12 Public Law Review 17 Public Law Review Australia circa 2001 Legal Online flag 15
Prince v President of the Law Society of the Cape of Good Hope (CCT36/00) [2000] ZACC 28; 2001 2 SA 388 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 12 Dec 2000 SAFLII flag 46
Corporation of the City of Enfield v Development Assessment Commission [2000] HCA 5; 199 CLR 135; (2000) 169 ALR 400; (2000) 60 ALD 342; (2000) 106 LGERA 419; (2000) 74 ALJR 490; (2000) 21 Leg Rep 19 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 10 Feb 2000 AustLII flag 657
Public School Boards ’ Assn of Alberta v Alberta (Attorney General) [2000] 1 SCR 44; [2000] SCC 2 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 14 Jan 2000 Supreme Court of Canada flag 3
"Beyond Brandeis: Exploring The Uses Of Non-Legal Materials In Appellate Briefs" (2000) 34 University of San Francisco Law Review 197 University of San Francisco Law Review United States - California circa 2000 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
Grain Pool of Western Australia v Commonwealth of Australia [2000] HCA 14; (2000) 202 CLR 479; 170 ALR 111; (2000) 46 IPR 515; (2000) 74 ALJR 648; (2000) 21 Leg Rep 2; [2000] AIPC 91-545 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth circa 2000 AustLII flag 155
Public School Boards ’ Assn of Alberta v Alberta (Attorney General) [1999] 3 SCR 845 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 18 Nov 1999 Supreme Court of Canada flag 3
R v Blaikie [1999] NZCA 205; [2000] 1 NZLR 31; (1999) 5 HRNZ 408; (1999) 17 CRNZ 122 Court of Appeal of New Zealand New Zealand 27 Sep 1999 NZLII flag 37
Sue v Hill [1999] HCA 30; (1999) 199 CLR 462; 163 ALR 648; (1999) 73 ALJR 1016; (1999) 11 Leg Rep 2 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 23 Jun 1999 AustLII flag 284
[1999] European Human Rights Law Review 301 [1999] European Human Rights Law Review 301 European Human Rights Law Review United Kingdom circa 1999 Westlaw flag 1
"Making Rights Real: The Courts, Remedies, and the Human Rights Act" (1999) 58 Cambridge Law Journal 509 Cambridge Law Journal United Kingdom circa 1999 flag 2
Miller v Albright 523 US 420; 140 L Ed 2d 575; 118 SCt 1428 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 36
S v Meaker (1998) 8 BCLR 1038 Canada - British Columbia circa 1998 flag 5
"Brandeis Briefs and the Proof of Legislative Facts in Proceedings under the Human Rights Act, 1998" [1998] Public Law 563 Public Law United Kingdom circa 1998 Westlaw flag 2
R v Swaffield [1998] HCA 1; (1998) 192 CLR 159; (1998) 151 ALR 98; (1998) 72 ALJR 339; (1998) 96 A Crim R 96; [1998] 1 Leg Rep C5 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth circa 1998 AustLII flag 587
CDJ v Vaj (1998) 197 CLR 172 Australia - Commonwealth circa 1998 Legal Online / Westlaw flag 1028
S v Lawrence [1997] ZACC 11; 1997 4 SA 1176 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 6 Oct 1997 SAFLII flag 56
Levy v Victoria [1997] HCA 31; 189 CLR 579; (1997) 146 ALR 248; (1997) 71 ALJR 837; (1997) 12 Leg Rep 14 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 382
Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation [1997] HCA 25; (1997) 189 CLR 520; (1997) 8 FLR 216; (1997) 145 ALR 96; (1997) 71 ALJR 818; [1997] Aust Torts Reports 81-434; (1997) 10 Leg Rep 2; [1997] 2 CHRLD 231; 2 BHRC 513 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 1050
"Constitutional Guarantees, Characterisation and the Concept of Proportionality" (1997) 21 Melbourne University Law Review 1 Melbourne University Law Review Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 42
R v Ministry of Defence, Ex p Smith [1995] EWCA Civ 22; [1996] QB 517; [1996] 1 All ER 257; [1996] 2 WLR 305; [1996] IRLR 100; [1996] ICR 740; [1996] 2 CHRLD 266 England and Wales Court of Appeal - Civil Division United Kingdom - England and Wales 3 Nov 1995 BAILII flag 326
S v Makwanyane [1995] ZACC 3; 1995 3 SA 391; [1996] 2 CHRLD 164; 1995 2 SACR 1 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 6 Jun 1995 SAFLII flag 393
Re Dingjan; Ex parte Wagner [1995] HCA 16; (1995) 183 CLR 323; 128 ALR 81; (1995) 69 ALJR 284; (1995) 16 ACSR 92 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 16 Mar 1995 AustLII flag 229
RJR-MacDonald Inc v Canada (Attorney General) [1995] 3 SCR 199; (1995) 127 DLR (4th) 1 Supreme Court of Canada Canada circa 1995 flag 65
R v S (RJ) [1995] 1 SCR 451 circa 1995 18
"High Court procedure under the Judiciary Act" (1994) 68 Australian Law Journal 442 Australian Law Journal Australia circa 1994 Legal Online flag 3
"The Role of Judges in Modern Commonwealth Society" [1994] Law Quarterly Review 260 Law Quarterly Review United Kingdom circa 1994 Westlaw flag 1
Heller v Doe 509 US 312; 125 L Ed 2d 257; 113 SCt 2637 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 187
FCC v Beach Communications, Inc 508 US 307; 124 L Ed 2d 211; 113 SCt 2096 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 217
Stoke-on-Trent City Council v B & Q plc [1991] Ch 48 Court of Chancery United Kingdom circa 1991 LexisNexis / Westlaw flag 3
R v Goltz [1991] 3 SCR 485; (1991) 67 CCC (3d) 481 Supreme Court of Canada Canada circa 1991 flag 18
"Constitutional fact ascertainment" (1990) 1 Public Law Review 134 Public Law Review Australia circa 1990 Legal Online flag 7
Irwin Toy Ltd v Quebec (Attorney General) [1989] 1 SCR 927; (1989) 58 DLR (4th) 577; (1989) 39 CRR 193; 94 NR 167; 24 QAC 2; 35 CPR 93; 25 CPR (3d) 417 Supreme Court of Canada Canada - Quebec 27 Apr 1989 Supreme Court of Canada flag 108
South Australia v Tanner [1989] HCA 3; (1989) 166 CLR 161; (1989) 83 ALR 631; (1989) 67 LGRA 84; (1989) 63 ALJR 149 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 7 Feb 1989 AustLII flag 210
MacKay v Manitoba [1989] 2 SCR 357 circa 1989 9
Ford v Quebec (Attorney General) [1988] 2 SCR 712 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 15 Dec 1988 Supreme Court of Canada flag 48
R v Oakes [1986] CanLII 46 Canada circa 1986 CanLII flag
Gerhardy v Brown [1985] HCA 11; (1985) 159 CLR 70; 57 ALR 472; (1985) 59 ALJR 311; [1985] EOC 92-123 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 28 Feb 1985 AustLII flag 333
"The Presumption of Constitutionality" (1983) 13 Federal Law Review 277 Federal Law Review Australia circa 1983 HeinOnline / Informit flag 4
Palmer v R [1980] 1 SCR 759 circa 1980 12
R v Federal Court of Australia; Ex parte WA National Football League [1979] HCA 6; (1979) 143 CLR 190; (1979) 23 ALR 439; (1979) 53 ALJR 273 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 27 Feb 1979 AustLII flag 340
"Proof of Facts in Constitutional Cases" (1976) 26 University of Toronto Law Journal 386 University of Toronto Law Journal Canada circa 1976 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
Reference re Anti ‑ Inflation Act [1976] 2 SCR 373; (1976) 68 DLR (3d) 452 Supreme Court of Canada Canada circa 1976 flag 23
"The Ascertainment of Facts in Australian Constitutional Cases" (1970-1971) 4 Federal Law Review 65 Federal Law Review Australia circa 1971 AustLII flag 4
Fairfax v FCT [1965] HCA 64; (1965) 114 CLR 1; [1966] ALR 1073; 14 ATD 135; 39 ALJR 308 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 Dec 1965 AustLII flag 110
"Facts in constitutional law" (1963) 37 Australian Law Journal 108 Australian Law Journal Australia circa 1963 Legal Online flag 4
Commonwealth Freighters Pty Ltd v Sneddon [1959] HCA 11; (1959) 102 CLR 280; [1959] ALR 550; 32 ALJR 408 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 13 Mar 1959 AustLII flag 42
Australian Communist Party v Commonwealth [1951] HCA 5; (1951) 83 CLR 1; [1951] ALR 129 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 9 Mar 1951 AustLII flag 598
Jenkins v The Commonwealth [1947] HCA 41; 74 CLR 400; [1947] ALR 558 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 Oct 1947 AustLII flag 35
"Judicial Notice" (1944) 57 Harvard Law Review 269 Harvard Law Review United States circa 1944 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 14
"Approach to Problems of Evidence in the Administrative Process, An" (1942) 55 Harvard Law Review 364 Harvard Law Review United States circa 1942 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 17
Donohoe v Wong Sau [1925] HCA 6; (1925) 36 CLR 404 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 17 Apr 1925 AustLII flag 14
Potter v Minahan [1908] HCA 63; (1908) 7 CLR 277; 14 ALR 635 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Oct 1908 AustLII flag 510
Muller v Oregon 208 US 412; 52 L Ed 551; 13 Ann Cas 957; 13 A & E Ann Cas 957; 28 SCt 324 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Feb 1908 WorldLII flag 70
Kruger v Commonwealth 69 ALJR 885 Australia circa 2000 flag 10

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