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Community Schools v Seattle School District No   flag  6

377 F3d 949
United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit
United States
27th July, 2004

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 426 F3d 1162 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Oct 2005 WorldLII flag 9
Cavalier Cavalier v Caddo Parish School Board 403 F3d 246 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Mar 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Smith v University of Washington 392 F3d 367 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Dec 2004 WorldLII flag 2

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
[2007] HarvLawRw 1; (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 98 (1 January 2007) (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 98 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag
Ninth Circuit Holds That High School Racial Balancing Plan Does Not Violate the Equal Protection Clause (2006) 119 Harvard Law Review 1915 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
< i > Grutter < /i > at Work: A Title VII Critique of Constitutional Affirmative Action (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1408 Bulman-Pozen, Jessica United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Fourteenth Amendment
First Amendment
Constitution

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Petit v City of Chicago 352 F3d 1111 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 22 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 6
"Connecting The Dots: Grutter, School Desegregation, And Federalism" (2004) 45 William and Mary Law Review 1691 William and Mary Law Review United States circa 2004 flag 2
Miller v Gammie 335 F3d 889 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Jul 2003 WorldLII flag 70
Gratz v Bollinger 539 US 244; 123 SCt 2411; 156 L Ed 2d 257; 177 Ed Law Rep 851 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 52
Grutter v Bollinger 539 US 306; 123 SCt 2325; 156 L Ed 2d 304; 177 Ed Law Rep 801 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 129
United States v City of Tacoma 332 F3d 574 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 37
Miranda B v Kitzhaber 328 F3d 1181 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 14 May 2003 WorldLII flag 20
Cotter v City of Boston 323 F3d 160 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 25 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 7
Simo 322 F3d 602 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 6 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 9
Arakaki v Hawaii 314 F3d 1091 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 31 Dec 2002 WorldLII flag 13
Republican Party of Minnesota v White 536 US 765; 122 SCt 2528; 153 L Ed 2d 694 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 2002 WorldLII flag 31
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 294 F3d 1084 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 17 Jun 2002 WorldLII flag 2
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 285 F3d 1236 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 26 Apr 2002 WorldLII flag 5
Best Life Assurance Co of California v Commissioner of Internal Revenue 281 F3d 828 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 11 Feb 2002 WorldLII flag 9
Belk v Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd of Educ 269 F3d 305 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 21 Sep 2001 WorldLII flag 9
Johnson v Bd of Regents 263 F3d 1234 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 27 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 27
Rothe Development Corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, v United States Department of Defense and United States Department of the Air Force, Defendants-Appellees 262 F3d 1306 United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit United States 20 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 8
United States v Johnson 256 F3d 895 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Jul 2001 WorldLII flag 59
Zervos v Verizon New York, Inc 252 F3d 163 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 5 Jun 2001 WorldLII flag 74
Buckhannon Board & Care Home, Inc v West Virginia Department of Health & Human Resources 532 US 598; 149 L Ed 2d 855; 121 SCt 1835 United States Supreme Court United States 29 May 2001 WorldLII flag 178
United States v Verdin 243 F3d 1174 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 22 Mar 2001 WorldLII flag 16
"The Color Of Choice: Race And Charter Schools" (2001) 75 Tulane Law Review 563 Tulane Law Review United States circa 2001 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
Smith v Univ of Wash Law Sch 233 F3d 1188 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Dec 2000 WorldLII flag 20
Associated General Contractors of Ohio, Inc; Associated General Contractors of Northwest Ohio, Inc , Plaintiffs-Appellees, v Sandra A Drabik, Director, Department of Administrative Services; Reginald Wilkinson, Director of Rehabilitation and Correction, Defendants-Appellants 214 F3d 730 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 1 Jun 2000 WorldLII flag 10
Friends of the Earth, Inc v Laidlaw Envtl Servs (TOC), Inc 528 US 167; 145 L Ed 2d 610; 120 SCt 693 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jan 2000 WorldLII flag 307
Eisenberg v Montgomery County Pub Schs 197 F3d 123 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 9
Tuttle v Arlington County Sch Bd 195 F3d 698 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 1 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 13
Dittman v California 191 F3d 1020 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 14 Sep 1999 WorldLII flag 32
Plaintiff-Appellant, v the Regents of the University of California, and Theodore R Mitchell, Defendants-Appellees 190 F3d 1061 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Sep 1999 WorldLII flag 8
Wessmann v Gittens 160 F3d 790; 130 Ed Law Rep 1009 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 19 Nov 1998 WorldLII flag 25
Ho Ho 147 F3d 854; 127 Ed Law Rep 614 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Jun 1998 WorldLII flag 3
Missouri Synod v FCC 141 F3d 344; 329 USApp DC 381; 72 Empl Prac Dec P 45,246 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 14 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 20
Spencer v Kemna 523 US 1; 140 L Ed 2d 43; 118 SCt 978 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Mar 1998 WorldLII flag 204
Monterey Mechanical Co v Wilson 125 F3d 702 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 3 Sep 1997 WorldLII flag 20
Coalition for Economic Equity v Wilson E 122 F3d 692; 66 USLW 3171 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Aug 1997 WorldLII flag 24
Contractors Association of Eastern Pennsylvania Inc 91 F3d 586 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 5 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 12
Bush v Vera 517 US 952; 135 L Ed 2d 248; 116 SCt 1941 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jun 1996 WorldLII flag 51
Hopwood v Texas 78 F3d 932; 107 Ed Law Rep 552; 64 USLW 2591 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 4 Apr 1996 WorldLII flag 36
Miller v Johnson 515 US 900; 132 L Ed 2d 762; 115 SCt 2475 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 82
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Pena 515 US 200; 132 L Ed 2d 158; 115 SCt 2097 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 241
Aiken v City of Memphis 37 F3d 1155 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 6 Oct 1994 WorldLII flag 14
City of Ladue v Gilleo 512 US 43; 129 L Ed 2d 36; 114 SCt 2038 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jun 1994 WorldLII flag 74
Birmingham Reverse Discrimination Employment Litigation Bennett v Arrington 20 F3d 1525 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 4 May 1994 WorldLII flag 17
Hayes v North State Law Enforcement Officers Ass'n 10 F3d 207 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 27 Oct 1993 WorldLII flag 20
Shaw v Reno 509 US 630; 125 L Ed 2d 511; 113 SCt 2816 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 122
United States v Commonwealth of Virginia 975 F2d 762; 59 Empl Prac Dec P 41,783; 77 Ed Law Rep 1142; 61 USLW 2198 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 Nov 1992 WorldLII flag 5
United States v Fordice 505 US 717; 120 L Ed 2d 575; 112 SCt 2727 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 40
O'Donnell Construction Co v District of Columbia 963 F2d 420; 60 USLW 2709; 295 USApp DC 317; 58 Empl Prac Dec P 41,466 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 10 May 1992 WorldLII flag 12
Freeman v Pitts 503 US 467; 118 L Ed 2d 108; 112 SCt 1430 United States Supreme Court United States 31 Mar 1992 WorldLII flag 84
Podberesky v E Kirwan Naacp 60 USLW 2506 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 31 Jan 1992 WorldLII flag 7
Johnson v Hugo's Skateway 950 F2d 1401; 57 Empl Prac Dec P 41,114; 34 Fed REvid Serv 824; 60 USLW 2436 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 9 Dec 1991 WorldLII flag 43
Coral Constr Co v King County 941 F2d 910; 57 Empl Prac Dec P 41,056 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 8 Aug 1991 WorldLII flag 44
Cunico v Pueblo School District 917 F2d 431; 63 Ed Law Rep 713; 54 Empl Prac Dec P 40,335; 54 Fair Empl Prac Cas 88 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 19 Oct 1990 WorldLII flag 24
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC 497 US 547; 111 L Ed 2d 445; 110 SCt 2997 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1990 WorldLII flag 85
Employment Division v Smith 494 US 872; 108 L Ed 2; 108 L Ed 2d 876; 110 SCt 1595 United States Supreme Court United States 4 Jun 1990 WorldLII flag 304
Lewis v Continental Bank Corporation 494 US 472; 110 SCt 1249 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Mar 1990 WorldLII flag 177
City of Richmond v JA Croson Co 488 US 469; 102 L Ed 2d 854; 109 SCt 706 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1989 WorldLII flag 251
Hazelwood School District v Kuhlmeier 484 US 260; 43 Ed Law Rep 515; 98 L Ed 2d 592; 108 SCt 562 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jan 1988 WorldLII flag 159
United States v Crawley 837 F2d 291 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 7 Jan 1988 WorldLII flag 36
United States v Paradise 480 US 149; 94 L Ed 2d 203; 107 SCt 1053 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Feb 1987 WorldLII flag 101
Bethel School District No 403 v Fraser 478 US 675; 92 L Ed 2d 549; 106 SCt 3159 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Jul 1986 WorldLII flag 133
Wygant v Jackson Board of Education 476 US 267; 90 L Ed 2d 260; 106 SCt 1842 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 184
International Union, UAW v Brock 477 US 274; 91 L Ed 2d 228; 106 SCt 2523; [1986] Hunt 432 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 99
Parent Association of Andrew Jackson High School v Ambach 738 F2d 574; 18 Ed Law Rep 823 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 16 Jul 1984 WorldLII flag 3
Plyler v Doe 457 US 202; 72 L Ed 2d 786; 102 SCt 2382; 120 Idaho 121 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Sep 1982 WorldLII flag 293
Washington v Seattle School District 458 US 457; 73 L Ed 2d 896; 102 SCt 3187 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 63
Fullilove v Klutznick 448 US 448; 65 L Ed 2d 902; 100 SCt 2758 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 224
Associated General Contractors of California v San Francisco Unified School District 616 F2d 1381; 24 Empl Prac Dec P 31,422 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 25 Apr 1980 WorldLII flag 17
Parent Ass'n of Andrew Jackson High School v Ambach 598 F2d 705 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 17 Apr 1979 WorldLII flag 23
Ambach v Norwick 441 US 68; 60 L Ed 2d 49; 99 SCt 1589 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Apr 1979 WorldLII flag 51
Bustop, Inc v Los Angeles Bd of Ed 439 US 1380; 58 L Ed 2d 88; 99 SCt 40 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Sep 1978 WorldLII flag 8
Regents of the University of California v Bakke 438 US 265; 57 L Ed 2d 750; 98 SCt 2733 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 382
Dayton Board of Education v Brinkman 433 US 406; 53 L Ed 2d 851; 97 SCt 2766; 53 L Ed 851 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1977 WorldLII flag 130
Goss v Lopez 419 US 565; 42 L Ed 2d 725; 95 SCt 729; 42 L Ed 725 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Jan 1975 WorldLII flag 417
Milliken v Bradley 418 US 717; 41 L Ed 2d 1069; 94 SCt 3112 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jul 1974 WorldLII flag 208
Keyes v School Dist 413 US 189; 37 L Ed 2d 548; 93 SCt 2686; 37 L Ed 548; 41 USLW 5013-5020 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Oct 1973 WorldLII flag 196
San Antonio Independent School District v Rodriguez 411 US 1; 36 L Ed 2d 16; 93 SCt 1278; (1973) 41 USLW 4407 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Apr 1973 WorldLII flag 480
Perry v Sindermann 408 US 593; 33 L Ed 2d 570; 92 SCt 2694; [1972] Harrison 780 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1972 WorldLII flag 1106
Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 402 US 1; 28 L Ed 2d 554; 91 SCt 1267; 28 L Ed 554; 15-16 Green 391 United States Supreme Court United States - New Jersey 7 Jun 1971 WorldLII flag 588
North Carolina State Board of Education v Swann 402 US 43; 28 L Ed 2d 586; 91 SCt 1284 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1971 WorldLII flag 71
Shapiro v Thompson 394 US 618; 89 SCt 1322; 22 L Ed 600; 22 L Ed 2d 600 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Apr 1969 WorldLII flag 434
Hunter v Erickson 393 US 385; 21 L Ed 2d 616; 89 SCt 557 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Jan 1969 WorldLII flag 84
United States v Concentrated Phosphate Export Ass'n 393 US 199; 89 SCt 361; 21 L Ed 2d 344 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Nov 1968 WorldLII flag 156
Sherbert v Verner 41 US 281; 10 L Ed 2d 965; 10 L Ed 965; 83 SCt 1970; 83 SCt 1790; 16 Pet 281 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Jun 1963 WorldLII flag 210
Speiser v Randall 357 US 513; 78 SCt 1332; 2 L Ed 2d 1460 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1958 WorldLII flag 361
Brown v Board of Education 349 US 294; 99 L Ed 1083; 75 SCt 753 United States Supreme Court United States 31 May 1955 WorldLII flag 449
Brown v Board of Education 347 US 483; 38 ALR 2d 1180; 98 L Ed 2d 873; [1954] Idaho 349; 98 L Ed 873; 74 SCt 686 United States Supreme Court United States 17 May 1954 WorldLII flag 1011
Hirabayashi v United States 320 US 81; 87 L Ed 2d 1774; 87 L Ed 1774; 63 SCt 1375 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jun 1943 WorldLII flag 436
West Virginia State Board of Education v Barnette 319 US 624; 87 L Ed 2d 1628; 87 L Ed 1628; 63 SCt 1178; 633 SCt 1178; 87 L Ed 1173 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1943 WorldLII flag 498
Missouri ex rel Gaines v Canada 305 US 337; 83 L Ed 208; 59 SCt 232; 63 L Ed 206 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Dec 1938 WorldLII flag 74
Barbier v Connolly 113 US 27; 28 L Ed 923; 5 SCt 357 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Oct 1884 WorldLII flag 99
Alexander v Sandoval 532 US 275; 121 SCt 1511; 149 L Ed 2d 517 United States Supreme Court United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 168
Easley v Cromartie 532 US 234; 149 L Ed 2d 430; 121 SCt 1452 United States Supreme Court United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 32
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Slater 528 US 216 United States Supreme Court United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 15
Shaw v Hunt 517 US 899; 135 L Ed 2d 207; 116 SCt 1894 United States Supreme Court United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 60
Sherbert v Verner 374 US 398 United States Supreme Court United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 409
Parents Involved in Community Schools v Seattle School District 294 F3d 1085 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 8
Comfort ex rel Neumyer v Lynn School Comm 283 FSupp 2d 328 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 3
Brewer v W Irondequoit Cent Sch Dist United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 8
Chen v City of Houston United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 4
WH Scott Constr Co v City of Jackson United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 7
158 l Ed 2d 984 158 L Ed 2d 984; 124 SCt 2426 United States circa 2000 LexisNexis flag 1
Parents Involved in Cmty Schs v Seattle Sch Dist , 149 Wash2d 660 United States - Washington circa 2000 flag 2
Parents Involved in Cmty Schs v Seattle Sch Dist 137 FSupp 2d 1224 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 5
124 SCt 179; 157 l Ed 2d 47 124 SCt 179; 157 L Ed 2d 47 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 1
Gratz v Bollinger 122 FSupp 2d 811 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 6
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Slater 120 SCt 722; 145 L Ed 2d 650 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 12
"Comment: Admissions Rituals as Political Acts: Guardians at the Gates of Our Democratic Ideals" 117 Harvard Law Review 113 Harvard Law Review United States circa 2000 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 5
"Affirmative Action" 107 Yale Law Journal 427 Yale Law Journal United States circa 2000 HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 8
See also Johnson v Board of Regents 106 FSupp 2d 1362 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 4
Hampton v Jefferson County Bd of Educ 102 FSupp 2d 358 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 4
"The Case For The New Compelling Government Interest: Improving Educational Outcomes" 80 North Carolina Law Review 923 North Carolina Law Review United States circa 2000 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
Boston's Children First v City of Boston 62 FSupp 2d 247 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 4
Tracy v Board of Regents of the Univ Sys of Ga 59 FSupp 2d 1314 United States circa 2000 Westlaw flag 2
In the Interest of Racial Harmony 47 Stanford Law Review 901 Stanford Law Review United States circa 2000 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1

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