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Gratz v Bollinger   flag  52

539 US 244; 123 SCt 2411; 156 L Ed 2d 257; 177 Ed Law Rep 851
United States Supreme Court
United States
23rd June, 2003

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
South African Police Service v Solidarity obo Barnard [2014] ZACC 23; 2014 6 SA 123 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 2 Sep 2014 SAFLII flag 39
"Appendix 4 - List of Leading Cases of United States Supreme Court" [2011] NLUDLRS 9 Editors India circa 2011 LIIofIndia flag
Ashoka Kumar Thakur v Union of India [2008] INSC 614 Supreme Court of India India 10 Apr 2008 LIIofIndia flag
Ashoka Kumar Thakur v Union of India & Others [2008] INSC 615 Supreme Court of India India 10 Apr 2008 LIIofIndia flag
No 04-15306 477 F3d 1048 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Feb 2007 WorldLII flag 2
Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action v Granholm a 473 F3d 237 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 29 Dec 2006 WorldLII flag 3
Doe v Kamehameha Schools 470 F3d 827 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 5 Dec 2006 WorldLII flag 1
No 01-56016 448 F3d 1146 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 24 May 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Kohlbek v City of Omaha Nebraska 447 F3d 552 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 1 May 2006 WorldLII flag
Joseph v Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System 432 F3d 746 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 27 Dec 2005 WorldLII flag 1
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 426 F3d 1162 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Oct 2005 WorldLII flag 9
Holton v City of Thomasville School District 425 F3d 1325 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 23 Sep 2005 WorldLII flag 4
Doe v Kamehameha Schools/bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate 416 F3d 1025 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 Aug 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Schutz v Thorne 415 F3d 1128 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 11 Jul 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Western States Paving Co Inc v Washington State Department of Transportation 407 F3d 983 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 May 2005 WorldLII flag 4
Cavalier Cavalier v Caddo Parish School Board 403 F3d 246 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Mar 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Johnson v California 543 US 499; 125 SCt 1141; 160 L Ed 2d 949 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Feb 2005 WorldLII flag 25
United States v Philip Morris Usa Inc 396 F3d 1190 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 4 Feb 2005 WorldLII flag 8
Smith v University of Washington 392 F3d 367 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Dec 2004 WorldLII flag 2
Sagana v A Tenorio 384 F3d 731 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 18 Oct 2004 WorldLII flag 10
Jacomb v Australian Municipal Administrative Clerical and Services Union [2004] FCA 1250; (2004) 140 FCR 149; (2004) 81 ALD 1; [2004] EOC 93-356; 55 AILR 100-299 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 24 Sep 2004 AustLII flag 21
Morales-Morales v Ashcroft 384 F3d 418 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 15 Sep 2004 WorldLII flag 12
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 377 F3d 949 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 27 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag 6
Anderson Dowd v City of Boston 375 F3d 71 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 12 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag 4
National Wrestling Coaches Association v Department of Education 366 F3d 930 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 14 May 2004 WorldLII flag 10
Petit v City of Chicago 352 F3d 1111 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 22 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 6
Purvis v New South Wales [2003] HCA 62; (2003) 217 CLR 92; (2003) 202 ALR 133; (2003) 78 ALJR 1; (2003) 77 ALD 570; [2004] EOC 93-305 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 11 Nov 2003 AustLII flag 537
Sherbrooke Turf Inc v Minnesota Department of Transportation 345 F3d 964 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 6 Oct 2003 WorldLII flag 6
Carroll v Nakatani E & J 342 F3d 934 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 Sep 2003 WorldLII flag 5

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
"Structural Decrees and Unintended Consequences: The Louisville Desegregation Decree" (2014) 38 University of Western Australia Law Review 156 Weaver, Russell L Australia - Western Australia circa 2014 AustLII flag
"Appendix 4 - List of Leading Cases of United States Supreme Court" [2011] NLUDLRS 9 Editors India circa 2011 LIIofIndia flag
"Constitutional Borrowing" (2010) 108 Michigan Law Review 459 Tebbe, Nelson; Tsai, Robert L United States 1 Jan 2010 WorldLII flag
Church, Choice, and Charters: A New Wrinkle for Public Education? (2009) 122 Harvard Law Review 1750 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Intimate Discrimination: The State's Role in the Accidents of Sex and Love" (2009) 122 Harvard Law Review 1307 Emens, Elizabeth F United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Trimming" (2009) 122 Harvard Law Review 1049 Sunstein, Cass R United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag 1
Mechanisms of Secrecy (2008) 121 Harvard Law Review 1556 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag 3
"Hobart Town Hall Thursday, 8 May 2008 Australian Red Cross Oration: The Growing Impact of International Law on Australian Constitutional Values" (2008) 27 University of Tasmania Law Review 1 Kirby, Michael Australia - Tasmania circa 2008 AustLII flag 1
"Narrow Path to Diversity: The Constitutionality of Rezoning Plans and Strategic Site Selection of Schools after Parents Involved, A" (2008) 107 Michigan Law Review 501 Collis, Steven T United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
"D'Oh - Of Popular Constitutionalism, The" (2007) 105 Michigan Law Review 1333 Devins, Neal United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag
Seattle and Louisville School Cases: There is No Other Way (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 158 J Harvie Wilkinson III United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
"Balancing a University's Non-discrimination Policy Regarding Sexual Orientation with the Expressive Rights of Student Religious Organisations: A USA Perspective" (2007) 12 Australia and New Zealand Journal of Law and Education 47 Mawdsley, Ralph D; Mawdsley, James L Australia circa 2007 AustLII flag 1
From Employment to Contract: Section 1981 and Antidiscrimination Law for the Independent Contractor Workforce (2006) 116 Yale Law Journal 170 Tarantolo, Danielle United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Beyond < i > Lawrence < /i > : Metaprivacy and Punishment (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1862 Greene, Jamal United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Introduction: The Paradigm-Case Method (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1977 Rubenfeld, Jed United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 1
< i > Grutter < /i > at Work: A Title VII Critique of Constitutional Affirmative Action (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1408 Bulman-Pozen, Jessica United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Civil Rights, Antitrust, and Early Decision Programs (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 880 Afram, Ruby Z United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Ninth Circuit Holds That High School Racial Balancing Plan Does Not Violate the Equal Protection Clause (2006) 119 Harvard Law Review 1915 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Pragmatic Passion of Stephen Breyer (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1675 Gewirtz, Paul United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
"International Law at the Grass Roots: Some Recent Developments" (2005) 24 Australian Year Book of International Law 107 Kirby, Michael Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag
Pluralism and Distrust: How Courts Can Support Democracy by Lowering the Stakes of Politics (2005) 114 Yale Law Journal 1279 William N Eskridge Jr United States 1 Jan 2005 WorldLII flag 7
"Affirmative Action, Special Measures and the Sex Discrimination Act" (2004) 27 University of New South Wales Law Journal 840 O'Brien, Julie Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag
Federalist Dimension of Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence (2004) 114 Yale Law Journal 203 Sterk, Stewart E United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Race as Mission Critical: The Occupational Need Rationale in Military Affirmative Action and Beyond (2004) 113 Yale Law Journal 1093 Leach, Bryan W United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 1

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Constitution
Eleventh Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
Constitution

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
"The Causation Fallacy: Bakke And The Basic Arithmetic Of Selective Admissions" (2002) 100 Michigan Law Review 1045 Michigan Law Review United States circa 2002 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
Grutter v Bollinger 188 F3d 394 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 10 Aug 1999 WorldLII flag 8
Lewis v Casey 518 US 343; 135 L Ed 2d 606; 116 SCt 2174; 773 FSupp 1365 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Jun 1996 WorldLII flag 321
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Pena 515 US 200; 132 L Ed 2d 158; 115 SCt 2097 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 241
Northeastern Fla Chapter, Associated Gen Contractors of America v Jacksonville 508 US 656; 124 L Ed 2d 586; 113 SCt 2297 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 165
United States v Fordice 505 US 717; 120 L Ed 2d 575; 112 SCt 2727 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 40
Lujan v Defenders of Wildlife 504 US 555; 119 L Ed 2d 351; 112 SCt 2130 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 1239
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC 497 US 547; 111 L Ed 2d 445; 110 SCt 2997 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1990 WorldLII flag 85
Quinn v Millsap 491 US 95; 105 L Ed 2d 74; 109 SCt 2324 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Jun 1989 WorldLII flag 6
City of Richmond v JA Croson Co 488 US 469; 102 L Ed 2d 854; 109 SCt 706 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1989 WorldLII flag 251
Johnson v Transportation Agency 480 US 616; 94 L Ed 2d 615; 107 SCt 1442 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Mar 1987 WorldLII flag 115
Wygant v Jackson Board of Education 476 US 267; 90 L Ed 2d 260; 106 SCt 1842 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 184
Alexander v Choate 469 US 287; 83 L Ed 2d 661; 105 SCt 712 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Jan 1985 WorldLII flag 170
Allen v Wright 468 US 737; 82 L Ed 2d 556; 104 SCt 3315 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Sep 1984 WorldLII flag 689
City of Los Angeles v Lyons 461 US 95; 75 L Ed 2d 675; 103 SCt 1660 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1983 WorldLII flag 568
Clements v Fashing 457 US 957; 73 L Ed 2d 508; 102 SCt 2836 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Sep 1982 WorldLII flag 98
General Building Contractors Association v Pennsylvania 458 US 375; 73 L Ed 2d 835; 102 SCt 3141 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 186
Blum v Yaretsky 457 US 991; 102 SCt 2777; 73 L Ed 534; 73 L Ed 2d 534 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 280
General Telephone Co v Falcon 457 US 147; 72 L Ed 2d 740; 102 SCt 2364 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 194
HL v Matheson 450 US 398; 67 L Ed 2d 388; 101 SCt 1164 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Mar 1981 WorldLII flag 48
Fullilove v Klutznick 448 US 448; 65 L Ed 2d 902; 100 SCt 2758 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 224
Califano v Yamasaki 442 US 682; 61 L Ed 2d 176; 99 SCt 2545 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Jun 1979 WorldLII flag 213
Regents of the University of California v Bakke 438 US 265; 57 L Ed 2d 750; 98 SCt 2733 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 382
Coopers & Lybrand v Livesay 437 US 463; 57 L Ed 351; 98 SCt 2454; 57 L Ed 2d 351 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 1035
Runyon v McCrary 427 US 160; 49 L Ed 2d 415; 96 SCt 2586 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 278
McDonald v Santa Fe Trail Transportation Co 427 US 273; 49 L Ed 2d 493; 96 SCt 2574 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 247
Simon v Eastern Kentucky Welfare Rights Organization 426 US 26; 96 SCt 1917; 48 L Ed 2d 450 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 579
Franks v Bowman Transportation Co 424 US 747; 44 USLW 4356; 47 L Ed 2d 444; 96 SCt 1251; 47 L Ed 444 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Mar 1976 WorldLII flag 423
Warth v Seldin 422 US 490; 45 L Ed 2d 343; 95 SCt 2197 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1975 WorldLII flag 1282
Sosna v Iowa 419 US 393; 42 L Ed 2d 532; 95 SCt 553 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jan 1975 WorldLII flag 376
Schlesinger v Reservists Committee to Stop the War 418 US 208; 41 L Ed 2d 706; 94 SCt 2925 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1974 WorldLII flag 260
DeFunis v Odegaard 416 US 312; 40 L Ed 2d 164; 94 SCt 1704 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Apr 1974 WorldLII flag 311
American Pipe & Construction Co v Utah 414 US 538; 94 SCt 756; 38 L Ed 2d 713 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Feb 1974 WorldLII flag 220
O'Shea v Littleton 414 US 488; 38 L Ed 2d 674; 94 SCt 669; 42 USLW 4139 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Jan 1974 WorldLII flag 517
Frontiero v Richardson 411 US 677; 36 L Ed 2d 583; 93 SCt 1764; 95 L Ed 884 United States Supreme Court United States 14 May 1973 WorldLII flag 226
Turner v Fouche 396 US 346; 24 L Ed 2d 567; 90 SCt 532 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Jan 1970 WorldLII flag 126
United States v Jefferson County Board of Education 372 F2d 836 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Dec 1966 WorldLII flag 139
Brown v Board of Education 347 US 483; 38 ALR 2d 1180; 98 L Ed 2d 873; [1954] Idaho 349; 98 L Ed 873; 74 SCt 686 United States Supreme Court United States 17 May 1954 WorldLII flag 1011
537 US 1044 537 US 1044 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1966 Westlaw flag 6
Alexander v Sandoval 532 US 275; 121 SCt 1511; 149 L Ed 2d 517 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1966 Westlaw flag 168
Norwalk Redevelopment Agency 395 F2d 920 United States Westlaw flag 97
135 FSupp 2d 790 135 FSupp 2d 790 United States Westlaw flag 1
Gratz v Bollinger 122 FSupp 2d 811 United States Westlaw flag 6
"Schools, Race, and Money" 109 Yale Law Journal 249 Yale Law Journal United States circa 1966 HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 6
"When Victims Happen to Be Black" 97 Yale Law Journal 420 Yale Law Journal United States HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 2
94 Michigan Law Review 109 94 Michigan Law Review 109 Michigan Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
86 CLR 1251 86 CLR 1251 Australia - Commonwealth Legal Online / Westlaw flag 2
22 UC Davis Law Review 1239 22 UC Davis Law Review 1239 U.C. Davis Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1

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