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Brown v Members of Classification Review Board of Office of Film and Literature Classification   flag  56

[1998] FCA 319; (1998) 82 FCR 225; (1998) 154 ALR 67; (1998) 50 ALD 765; 5 BHRC 169; (1998) 2 CHRLD 224
Federal Court of Australia
Australia - Commonwealth
24th March, 1998

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Malenha v Sullivan [2017] NSWCATAD 222 New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal - Administrative and Equal Opportunity Division Australia - New South Wales 11 Dec 2017 AustLII flag
Frugtniet v Australian Securities and Investments Commission [2017] FCAFC 162; (2017) 255 FCR 96 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 2017 AustLII flag 6
Burns v McKee [2017] NSWCATAD 66 New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal - Administrative and Equal Opportunity Division Australia - New South Wales 6 Mar 2017 AustLII flag
Williams v 'Threewisemonkeys' and Durston [2015] TASADT 4 Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania Australia - Tasmania 30 Jun 2015 AustLII flag 4
Burns v Sunol [2015] NSWCATAD 131 New South Wales Civil and Administrative Tribunal - Administrative and Equal Opportunity Division Australia - New South Wales 25 Jun 2015 AustLII flag 8
Burns v Sunol [2012] NSWADT 246 Administrative Decisions Tribunal Australia - New South Wales 28 Nov 2012 AustLII flag 24
Sunol v Collier (No 2) [2012] NSWCA 44; (2012) 260 FLR 414; (2012) 289 ALR 128 Supreme Court of New South Wales - Court of Appeal Australia - New South Wales 22 Mar 2012 AustLII flag 56
FamilyVoice Australia v Members of the Classification Review Board [2011] FCA 1014; (2011) 197 FCR 217; (2011) 283 ALR 245 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Aug 2011 AustLII flag
Hogan v Hinch [2010] HCATrans 285 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 3 Nov 2010 AustLII flag 2
Secretary to the Department of Justice v AB [2009] VCC 1132 County Court of Victoria Australia - Victoria 28 Aug 2009 AustLII flag 6
Gunns Ltd v Alishah [2009] TASSC 45 Supreme Court of Tasmania Australia - Tasmania 11 Jun 2009 AustLII flag 6
AdultshopCom Ltd v Members of Classification Review Board [2007] FCA 1871; (2007) 243 ALR 752; (2007) 99 ALD 33 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 Nov 2007 AustLII flag 11
Gypsy Jokers Motorcycle Club Incorporated v The Commissioner of Police [2007] HCATrans 551 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 28 Sep 2007 AustLII flag
NSW Council for Civil Liberties Inc v Classification Review Board (No 2) [2007] FCA 896; (2007) 159 FCR 108; (2007) 241 ALR 564 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 14 Jun 2007 AustLII flag 6
Wood v Gerke [2007] TASADT 3 Anti-Discrimination Tribunal of Tasmania Australia - Tasmania 2 Apr 2007 AustLII flag 1
Catch the Fire Ministries Inc v Islamic Council of Victoria Inc [2006] VSCA 284; (2006) 15 VR 207; (2006) 206 FLR 56; (2006) 235 ALR 750 Supreme Court of Victoria - Court of Appeal Australia - Victoria 14 Dec 2006 AustLII flag 66
Australian Securities and Investments Commission v GDK Financial Solutions Pty Ltd [2006] FCA 1415; (2006) 236 ALR 699; (2006) 60 ACSR 447; 24 ACLC 1364 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 Nov 2006 AustLII flag 39
Direct Factory Outlets Homebush Pty Ltd v Property Council of Australia Ltd [2005] FCA 1438; 148 FCR 12; [2006] ATPR 42-093 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 20 Oct 2005 AustLII flag 2
Holland v R [2005] WASCA 140; (2005) 30 WAR 231; (2005) 222 ALR 694; (2005) 193 FLR 140; (2005) 154 A Crim R 376 Supreme Court of Western Australia - Court of Appeal Australia - Western Australia 3 Aug 2005 AustLII flag 14
Fletcher v Salvation Army [2005] VCAT 1523; 23 VAR 213 Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal Australia - Victoria 1 Aug 2005 AustLII flag 17
Mansfield v DPP for WA [2005] WASCA 79; (2005) 31 WAR 97; (2005) 153 A Crim R 41 Supreme Court of Western Australia - Court of Appeal Australia - Western Australia 29 Apr 2005 AustLII flag 10
Chief Executive Officer of Customs v Carman [2004] QDC 433 District Court of Queensland Australia - Queensland 2 Nov 2004 AustLII flag
Howe v Qantas Airways Ltd [2004] FMCA 242; (2004) 188 FLR 1; [2004] EOC 93-359 Federal Magistrates Court of Australia Australia 15 Oct 2004 AustLII flag 26
Apla [2004] HCATrans 375 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 6 Oct 2004 AustLII flag 2
GA v Department of Education and Training and NSW Police (GD) [2004] NSWADTAP 18 Administrative Decisions Tribunal Australia - New South Wales 25 May 2004 AustLII flag 15
Bropho v Human Rights & Equal Opportunity Commission [2004] FCAFC 16; (2004) 135 FCR 105; (2004) 204 ALR 761; (2004) 77 ALD 331; [2004] EOC 93-313 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 6 Feb 2004 AustLII flag 131
"World leader or village idiot?: an examination of Internet content regulation in Australia" [2004] UNSWLawTD 1 Penfold, Carolyn Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag
Bropho v Human Rights & Equal Opportunity Commission [2002] FCA 1510; (2002) 72 ALD 321; [2003] EOC 93-259 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 4 Dec 2002 AustLII flag 5
Nyungar Circle of Elders v West Australian Newspapers Ltd [2001] HREOCA 1 Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Australia 12 Apr 2001 AustLII flag 1
Hobart Hebrew Congregation v Scully [2000] HREOCA 38 Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Australia 21 Sep 2000 AustLII flag
Cabal v United Mexican States (No 3) [2000] FCA 1204; (2000) 186 ALR 188 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 Aug 2000 AustLII flag 50
Kazak v John Fairfax Publications Ltd [2000] NSWADT 77 Administrative Decisions Tribunal Australia - New South Wales 22 Jun 2000 AustLII flag 49
Bryl v Nowra [1999] HREOCA 11; [1999] EOC 93-022 Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Australia 21 Jun 1999 AustLII flag 9
Titelius v Public Service Appeal Board [1999] WASCA 19; (1999) 21 WAR 201 Supreme Court of Western Australia - Court of Appeal Australia - Western Australia 19 May 1999 AustLII flag 20
Brown v Classification Review Board [1998] ICHRL 46 Interights Commonwealth Human Rights Law International 24 Mar 1998 WorldLII flag

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
"Enhancing Press Freedom through Greater Privacy Law: A UK Perspective on an Australian Privacy Tort" (2014) 36 Sydney Law Review 619 Wragg, Paul Australia circa 2014 AustLII flag
"Can the Implied Freedom of Political Discourse Apply to Search by or about Religious Leaders?" (2013) 34 Adelaide Law Review 427 Landrigan, Mitchell Australia circa 2013 AustLII flag 2
"Speech - Judges and Human Rights" (VSC) [2012] VicJSchol 8 Maxwell, Justice Chris Australia - Victoria circa 2012 AustLII flag
"A Century of Jumbunna - Interpretive Principles and International Law" (2010) 31 Adelaide Law Review 143 Kirby, Michael Australia circa 2010 AustLII flag
"Australia's National Classification System for Publications, Films and Computer Games: Its Operation and Potential Susceptibility to Political Influence in Classification Decisions" (2009) 37 Federal Law Review 133 Dunstan, Michael Ramaraj Australia circa 2009 AustLII flag
"Clean Feed: Australia's Internet Filtering Proposal" [2009] UNSWLRS 7 Watt, Renée; Maurushat, Alana Australia circa 2009 AustLII flag 1
"Interpreting Legislation Consistently With Human Rights" (2008) 58 Australian Institute of Administrative Law Forum 43 Beckett, Simeon Australia circa 2008 AustLII flag
"Dialogue across difference - freedom of speech and the media in India and Australia: Some constitutional comparisons" (FCA) [2007] FedJSchol 16 French, Justice Robert Australia circa 2007 AustLII flag
"Academic Freedom and Institutional Autonomy in American and Australian Universities: A Twenty-First Century Dialogue and a Call to Leaders" [2007] ANZJlLawEdu 2 Pauken, Patrick D Australia circa 2007 AustLII flag
"The Constitutional (In)validity of Religious Vilification Laws: Implications for their Interpretation" (2006) 34 (2) Federal Law Review 287 Aroney, Nicholas Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 1
"Censorship of Religious Texts: The Limits of Pluralism" (2006) 8 UTS Law Review 49 Saul, Ben Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag
"Dammit, Let 'Em Do It!' The High Court and Constitutional Law: The 2005 Term" (2006) 29 University of New South Wales Law Journal 167 Bennett, David Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 2
"Justice McHugh, Representative Government and the Elimination of Balancing" (2006) 28 Sydney Law Review 505 Aroney, Nicholas Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 14
"Speaking of Terror: Criminalising Incitement to Violence" (2005) 28 University of New South Wales Law Journal 868 Saul, Ben Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag 4
"Possible Constitutional Objections to the Powers to Ban Terrorist Organisations" (2004) 27 University of New South Wales Law Journal 482 Tham, Joo-Cheong Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag 5
"World leader or village idiot?: an examination of Internet content regulation in Australia" [2004] UNSWLawTD 1 Penfold, Carolyn Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag
"What Is Political Communication - The Rationale and Scope of the Implied Freedom of Political Communication" (2004) 28 Melbourne University Law Review 438 Meagher, Dan Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag 17
"Hate Speech, Freedom, Rights and Political Cultures: An Analysis of Anti-Vilification Law in the Context of Traditional Freedom of Speech Values and an Emerging International Standard of Human Rights" (2003) 5 UTS Law Review 23 O'Donnell, Marcus Australia circa 2003 AustLII flag 1
Free Speech and its Postmodern Adversaries [2001] MurUEJL 12 Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law Australia circa 2001 AustLII flag
"Rights, Personal Rights and freedoms: The Nature of the Freedom of Political Communication" [2001] UMelbLRS 1 Stone, Adrienne Australia circa 2001 AustLII flag
"Rights, Personal Rights and Freedoms: The Nature of the Freedom of Political Communication" (2001) 25 Melbourne University Law Review 374 Adrienne Stone Australia circa 2001 AustLII flag 39
"Millennium Multipex: Art, the Internet, and Censorship" (2000) 23 University of New South Wales Law Journal 268 Gilchrist, Kate Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag
"Brown v The Classification Review Board: Robin Hood or Rebel without a Cause" (1999) 21 Sydney Law Review 294 Kumar, Bashi Australia circa 1999 AustLII flag 1

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Administrative Decisions (Judicial Review) Act 1977 (Cth)
Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) Act 1995 (Cth) s1, s2, s3, s7, s9, s11
The Act (Cth) s5, s42, s44, s95, s96
1990 Act (Cth) s3, s48, s49, s50
Racial Discrimination Act 1975 (Cth)
Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act 1986 (Cth)
Federal Court Rules (Cth)
Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) (Enforcement) Act 1995 (NSW)
Classification (Publications, Films and Computer Games) (Enforcement) Act 1995 (Vic)
Classification of Films and Publications Act 1990 (Vic)

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Levy v Victoria [1997] HCA 31; (1997) 189 CLR 579; (1997) 146 ALR 248; (1997) 71 ALJR 837; (1997) 12 Leg Rep 14 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 383
Kruger v Commonwealth [1997] HCA 27; (1997) 190 CLR 1; (1997) 146 ALR 126; (1997) 71 ALJR 991; (1997) 13 Leg Rep 2 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 581
Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation [1997] HCA 25; (1997) 189 CLR 520; (1997) 8 FLR 216; (1997) 145 ALR 96; (1997) 71 ALJR 818; [1997] Aust Torts Reports 81-434; (1997) 10 Leg Rep 2; [1997] 2 CHRLD 231; 2 BHRC 513 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 1050
Langer v Commonwealth (Political Speech case) [1996] HCA 43; (1996) 186 CLR 302; (1996) 134 ALR 400; 70 ALJR 176; [1996] 2 Leg Rep 13 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 20 Feb 1996 AustLII flag 112
Muldowney v South Australia [1996] HCA 52; (1996) 186 CLR 352; (1996) 136 ALR 18; (1996) 70 ALJR 515; (1996) 7 Leg Rep 10 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth circa 1996 AustLII flag 36
Theophanous v Herald & Weekly Times Ltd [1994] HCA 46; (1994) 182 CLR 104; (1994) 124 ALR 1; (1994) 68 ALJR 713; [1994] Aust Torts Reports 81-297; 34 ALD 1 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 1994 AustLII flag 590
Stephens v West Australian Newspapers Ltd [1994] HCA 45; (1994) 182 CLR 211; 124 ALR 80; 68 ALJR 765; [1994] Aust Torts Reports 81-298 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 1994 AustLII flag 298
Cunliffe v The Commonwealth [1994] HCA 44; (1994) 182 CLR 272; (1994) 124 ALR 120; (1994) 68 ALJR 791 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 1994 AustLII flag 326
Coco v R [1994] HCA 15; (1994) 179 CLR 427; (1994) 120 ALR 415; (1994) 72 A Crim R 32; (1994) 68 ALJR 401; [1994] Aust Torts Reports 81-270 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 13 Apr 1994 AustLII flag 792
Ballina Shire Council v Ringland (1994) 33 NSWLR 680; (1994) 83 LGERA 115 Australia - New South Wales circa 1994 LexisNexis AU flag 65
Derbyshire County Council v Times Newspapers Ltd [1992] UKHL 6; [1992] QB 770; [1993] AC 534; [1993] 1 All ER 1011; [1992] 3 WLR 28 House of Lords United Kingdom 18 Feb 1993 BAILII flag 188
Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade v Magno [1992] FCA 566; (1992) 37 FCR 298; (1992) 112 ALR 529 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 26 Nov 1992 AustLII flag 408
Dietrich v R [1992] HCA 57; (1992) 177 CLR 292; (1992) 109 ALR 385; (1992) 67 ALJR 1; 64 A Crim R 176 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 13 Nov 1992 AustLII flag 1391
Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Wills [1992] HCA 46; (1992) 177 CLR 1; (1992) 108 ALR 681; (1992) 66 ALJR 658; (1992) 44 IR 282 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 30 Sep 1992 AustLII flag 885
Australian Capital Television Pty Ltd v Commonwealth [1992] HCA 45; (1992) 177 CLR 106; 108 ALR 577; (1992) 66 ALJR 695 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 30 Sep 1992 AustLII flag 1083
Mabo v Queensland (No 2) [1992] EOC 92-443; (1992) 66 ALJR 408; (1992) 107 ALR 1; (1992) 175 CLR 1; [1992] HCA 23 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth circa 1992 AustLII flag 2030
R v Home Department State Secretary; Ex parte Brind [1991] UKHL 4; [1991] 1 AC 696; [1991] 1 All ER 720; [1991] 2 WLR 588; [1991] LRC (Const) 512 House of Lords United Kingdom 7 Feb 1991 BAILII flag 322
Bropho v Western Australia [1990] HCA 24; (1990) 171 CLR 1; (1990) 93 ALR 207; 64 ALJR 374 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 20 Jun 1990 AustLII flag 609
Attorney General v Guardian Newspapers Ltd [1990] AC 109 United Kingdom circa 1990 LexisNexis / Westlaw flag 464
Davis v The Commonwealth [1988] HCA 63; (1988) 166 CLR 79; (1988) 82 ALR 633; 63 ALJR 35 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 6 Dec 1988 AustLII flag 220
Minister for Aboriginal Affairs v Peko-Wallsend Ltd [1986] HCA 40; (1986) 162 CLR 24; 66 ALR 299; (1986) 60 ALJR 560; (1986) 10 ALN N109; [1986] CA 40 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Jul 1986 AustLII flag 4100
R v Morton (1986) 42 SASR 571; 26 A Crim R 331 Supreme Court of South Australia Australia - South Australia circa 1986 Legal Online / Westlaw flag 5
Garland v British Rail Engineering Ltd [1982] UKHL 2; [1983] 2 AC 751; [1982] 2 All ER 402; [1982] 2 WLR 918; [1982] ICR 420 House of Lords United Kingdom 22 Apr 1982 BAILII flag 57
Handyside v United Kingdom [1976] ECHR 5; (1976) 1 EHRR 737; 58 ILR 150 European Court of Human Rights Europe 7 Dec 1976 BAILII flag 143
Brandenburg v Ohio 395 US 444; 395 US 376; 89 SCt 1827; 23 L Ed 2d 430; 23 L Ed 2 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Jun 1969 WorldLII flag 370
Commissioner of Taxation v Whitehouse [1961] HCA 10; (1961) 104 CLR 25; [1961] ALR 503; 12 ATD 307; 34 ALJR 486 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 10 Mar 1961 AustLII flag 3
Polites v Commonwealth [1945] HCA 3; (1945) 70 CLR 60; [1945] ALR 113; 12 ILR 208 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 10 Apr 1945 AustLII flag 187
Zachariassen v The Commonwealth [1917] HCA 77; (1917) 24 CLR 166; 24 ALR 81 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 20 Dec 1917 AustLII flag 39
R v Secretary of State for the Home Department Ex parte Brind [1911] 1 AC 696 United Kingdom circa 1911 LexisNexis / Westlaw flag 1
Potter v Minahan [1908] HCA 63; (1908) 7 CLR 277; 14 ALR 635 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Oct 1908 AustLII flag 512
Jumbunna Coal Mine NL v Victorian Coal Miners Association (1908) 6 CLR 309 Australia - Commonwealth circa 1908 Legal Online / Westlaw flag 405

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