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Bush v Vera   flag  51

517 US 952; 135 L Ed 2d 248; 116 SCt 1941
United States Supreme Court
United States
13th June, 1996

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Gonzalez, Sam v City Aurora [2008] USCA7 411 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 28 Jul 2008 WorldLII flag
Gonzalez, Sam v City Aurora [2008] USCA7 398 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 24 Jul 2008 WorldLII flag
Sher v US Department of Veterans Affairs 488 F3d 489 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 16 Feb 2007 WorldLII flag
Bone Shirt v Hazeltine 461 F3d 1011 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 22 Aug 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Hayden III v Pataki S 449 F3d 305 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 1 Jun 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Cottier v City of Martin 445 F3d 1113 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 8 May 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Freedom from Religion Foundation, Inc v Chao 433 F3d 989 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 13 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 7
King v Illinois State Board of Elections E E 410 F3d 404 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 1 Aug 2005 WorldLII flag 4
Holliday Amusement Co of Charleston Incorporated 401 F3d 534 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 23 Mar 2005 WorldLII flag
Sensley v Albritton 385 F3d 591 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 28 Sep 2004 WorldLII flag 3
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 377 F3d 949 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 27 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag 6
Vieth v Jubelirer 541 US 267; 124 SCt 1769; 158 L Ed 2d 546 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Apr 2004 WorldLII flag 46
Muntaqim v Coombe F 366 F3d 102 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 23 Apr 2004 WorldLII flag 7
United States v Blaine County Montana 363 F3d 897 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 7 Apr 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Farrakhan v Washington 359 F3d 1116 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 24 Feb 2004 WorldLII flag 4
Georgia v Ashcroft 539 US 461; 123 SCt 2498; 156 L Ed 2d 428 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 16
Ladd v Cockrell 311 F3d 349 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 24 Oct 2002 WorldLII flag 3
Clark v Putnam County Naacp 293 F3d 1261 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 10 Jun 2002 WorldLII flag
Grutter v Bollinger 288 F3d 732; 164 Ed Law Rep 610 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 14 May 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Rothe Development Corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, v United States Department of Defense and United States Department of the Air Force, Defendants-Appellees 262 F3d 1306 United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit United States 20 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 8
Donald Page; Gertrude Waters; Harold Edwards; Kathy Edwards; William Costly; Carol G Scantlebury; Jose a Cabeza; Victor Cabeza; Antonio J Almeida; Mario H Neno; David Vargas; Elvi Vasquez; Joseph Arteaga; Fred Shaw; Charles Robinson; Aaron Collins; Allen Barnhardt; the State Senate Republican Majority; Assembly Republican Majority, Appellants v Larry Bartels; Richard Codey; Sonia Delgado; Thomas Giblin; Lewis Greenwald; Bonnie Watson-Coleman, in their official capacity as Members of New Jersey Apportionment Commission; Deforst b Soaries, JR , Secretary of New Jersey; John Farmer, Attorney General of New Jersey United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 25 Jun 2001 WorldLII flag
WILLIAM H PREJEAN, , Plaintiffs, HARRY J CHAUVIN; EMILE POCHE; NED C GOLDSTON; DENNIS P LOUVIERE; EUGENE J SCHEXNAYDER; and ROBERT J HEATH, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v MJ "MIKE" FOSTER, JR , , Defendants, MJ FOSTER, JR , Governor of Louisiana; RICHARD IEYOUB, Attorney General, Louisiana; W FOX MCKEITHEN, Secretary, Louisiana; and JERRY M FOWLER, Commissioner of Elections of Louisiana, Defendants-Appellees Janice GClark, Orscini B Beard; Eddie G Crawford; Voter Information Project Inc; Louis Scott; Sylvia Cooks; Connie Sadler; Lloyd Dangerfield; Tom Nelson; Albert Richard; Brenda Ford; Edward Larvadain; Josie Frank, Intervenors-Appellees JON OREN, , Plaintiffs, ROBERT J HEATH; HARRY J CHAUVIN; EMILE POCHE; NED C GOLDSTON; DENNIS P LOUVIERE; and EUGENE J SCHEXNAYDER, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v MJ FOSTER, JR , Governor of Louisiana, in his official capacity, also known as Mike Foster; RICHARD IEYOUB, Attorney General, Louisiana in his official capacity; W FOX MCKEITHEN, Secretary, Louisiana in his official capacity; and JERRY M FOWLER, Commissioner of Elections of Louisiana, in his official capacity, Defendants-Appellees, Janice Clark, Intervenor-Appellee United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 2 Oct 2000 WorldLII flag
Ron Harper, Kevin Perkins, William Elliot, and Robert McCoy, Plaintiffs-Appellees, Cross-Appellants, v City of Chicago Heights and the Chicago Heights Election Commission, Defendants-Appellants, Cross-Appellees, Ron Harper, Kevin Perkins, William Elliot, and Robert McCoy, Plaintiffs-Appellees, Cross-Appellants, v Chicago Heights Park District, Defendant-Appellant, Cross-Appellee, and David Orr, Cook County Clerk, Defendant-Appellee United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 28 Aug 2000 WorldLII flag
Edward Chen, , Plaintiffs, Edward Chen; Jon Taylor; Edward Blum; Barbara l Thomas; AL Vera; Kenneth M Powers; James White; Herschel Smith; Bill Wiener; Bernard Loebe; Chester Wrye; Edward Robert, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v City of Houston; Bob Lanier, Honorable; Helen Huey, Honorable; Michael J Yarbrough, Honorable; Martha J Wong, Honorable; Jew Don Boney, Honorable; Rob Todd, Honorable; Ray f Driscoll, Honorable; John Kelley, Honorable; Felix Fraga, Honorable; John Castillo, Honorable; Gracie Guzman Saenz, Honorable; Joe Roach, Honorable; Orlando Sanchez, Honorable; Chris Bell, Honorable; Judson W Robinson, III, Honorable, Defendants-Appellees United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 9 Mar 2000 WorldLII flag
Theriot v Parish of Jefferson 185 F3d 477 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 17 Aug 1999 WorldLII flag 15
Burton v City of Belle Glade 178 F3d 1175 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 25 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 40
Goosby v Town Board of the Town of Hempstead New York P v A 180 F3d 476 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 25 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 7
Clark v Putnam County W 168 F3d 458; 43 Fed RServ3d 463 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 26 Feb 1999 WorldLII flag 7
No 98-1840 178 F3d 68 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 11 Jan 1999 WorldLII flag 4
Ruiz v City of Santa Maria 160 F3d 543 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 5 Nov 1998 WorldLII flag 9
Davis v Chiles 139 F3d 1414 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 30 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 9
Raso v Lago 135 F3d 11 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 27 Jan 1998 WorldLII flag 7
Stabler v County of Thurston Nebraska 129 F3d 1015 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 1 Dec 1997 WorldLII flag 1
Askew Naacp v City of Rome 127 F3d 1355 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 14 Nov 1997 WorldLII flag 6
Harvell 126 F3d 1038; 121 Ed Law Rep 525 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 25 Sep 1997 WorldLII flag 1
Stovall Wo v City of Cocoa Florida v 117 F3d 1238 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 24 Jul 1997 WorldLII flag 3
Milwaukee Branch of the Naacp v Thompson 116 F3d 1194 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 3 Jul 1997 WorldLII flag 9
Abrams v Johnson 521 US 74; 138 L Ed 2d 285; 117 SCt 1925 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 28
Sanchez v Colorado 97 F3d 1303 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 29 Nov 1996 WorldLII flag 9
Lewis v Alamance County North Carolina 99 F3d 600 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 4 Nov 1996 WorldLII flag 6
Clark 88 F3d 1393; 65 USLW 2068 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 9 Jul 1996 WorldLII flag 13

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
"Political culture and the rule of law: comparing the United States and New Zealand" (2012) 12 Otago Law Review 663 Wendel, W Bradley New Zealand circa 2012 NZLII flag
Civil Rights Act, Title VII - Compliance Efforts (2009) 123 Harvard Law Review 282 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
Political Gerrymandering 2000-2008: "A Self-Limiting Enterprise"? (2009) 122 Harvard Law Review 1467 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Narrow Path to Diversity: The Constitutionality of Rezoning Plans and Strategic Site Selection of Schools after Parents Involved, A" (2008) 107 Michigan Law Review 501 Collis, Steven T United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
Third Circuit Denies Standing to Bring Claim of Racial Discrimination in Zoning (2007) 120 Harvard Law Review 1105 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag
Justice Kennedy and the Domains of Equal Protection (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 104 Gerken, Heather K United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Judicially Manageable Standards and Constitutional Meaning 119 Harvard Law Review 1274 Richard H Fallon, Jr United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 6
John Hart Ely and the Problem of Gerrymandering: The Lion in Winter (2005) 114 Yale Law Journal 1329 Karlan, Pamela S United States 1 Jan 2005 WorldLII flag 1
Anti-Antidiscrimination Agenda (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 1141 Rubenfeld, Jed United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 2
Covering (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 769 Yoshino, Kenji United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 10

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Fourteenth Amendment
Fifteenth Amendment
Constitution

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
United States v Armstrong 517 US 456; 134 L Ed 2d 687; 116 SCt 1480 United States Supreme Court United States 13 May 1996 WorldLII flag 189
Seminole Tribe of Florida v Florida 517 US 44; 134 L Ed 2d 252; 116 SCt 1114 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Mar 1996 WorldLII flag 461
White v Alabama 74 F3d 1058 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 24 Jan 1996 WorldLII flag 10
Miller v Johnson 515 US 900; 132 L Ed 2d 762; 115 SCt 2475 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 82
United States v Hays 515 US 737; 132 L Ed 2d 635; 115 SCt 2431 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 70
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Pena 515 US 200; 132 L Ed 2d 158; 115 SCt 2097 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 241
Holder v Hall 512 US 874; 129 L Ed 2d 687; 114 SCt 2581 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1994 WorldLII flag 61
Johnson v De Grandy 512 US 997; 129 L Ed 2d 775; 114 SCt 2647 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1994 WorldLII flag 117
Hastert v Illinois State Board of Election Commissioners 28 F3d 1430; 29 Fed RServ3d 451 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 1 Jun 1994 WorldLII flag 10
Shaw v Reno 509 US 630; 125 L Ed 2d 511; 113 SCt 2816 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 122
Voinovich v Quilter 507 US 146; 122 L Ed 2d 500; 113 SCt 1149 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Mar 1993 WorldLII flag 53
Growe v Emison 507 US 25; 122 L Ed 2d 388; 113 SCt 1075 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Feb 1993 WorldLII flag 65
Georgia v McCollum 505 US 42; 120 L Ed 2d 33; 112 SCt 2348; [1992] Powers 499 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 89
Chisom v Roemer 501 US 380; 115 L Ed 2d 348; 111 SCt 2354 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Jun 1991 WorldLII flag 74
Edmonson v Leesville Concrete Co 500 US 614; 114 L Ed 2d 660; 111 SCt 2077 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Jun 1991 WorldLII flag 155
Powers v Ohio 499 US 400; 113 L Ed 2d 411; 111 SCt 1364 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Apr 1991 WorldLII flag 236
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC 497 US 547; 111 L Ed 2d 445; 110 SCt 2997 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1990 WorldLII flag 85
Holland v Illinois 493 US 474; 107 L Ed 2d 905; 110 SCt 803 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Mar 1990 WorldLII flag 67
Collins v City of Norfolk Virginia 883 F2d 1232 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 27 Sep 1989 WorldLII flag 10
Price Waterhouse v Hopkins 490 US 228; 104 L Ed 2d 268; 109 SCt 1775 United States Supreme Court United States 1 May 1989 WorldLII flag 633
City of Richmond v JA Croson Co 488 US 469; 102 L Ed 2d 854; 109 SCt 706 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1989 WorldLII flag 251
Edwards v Aguillard 482 US 578; 96 L Ed 2d 510; 107 SCt 2573; 39 Ed Law Rep 958 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Jun 1987 WorldLII flag 155
Wygant v Jackson Board of Education 476 US 267; 90 L Ed 2d 260; 106 SCt 1842 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 184
Davis v Bandemer 478 US 109; 92 L Ed 2d 85; 106 SCt 2797 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 52
Thornburg v Gingles 478 US 30; 92 L Ed 2d 25; 106 SCt 2752 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 196
Wesley v A Collins Wj 791 F2d 1255; 55 USLW 2003 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 5 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 17
Batson v Kentucky 476 US 79; 106 SCt 1712; 90 L Ed 2d 69; 90 L Ed 2d 79 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Apr 1986 WorldLII flag 1207
City of Cleburne v Cleburne Living Center 473 US 432; 87 L Ed 2d 313; 105 SCt 3249 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jul 1985 WorldLII flag 573
Hunter v Underwood 471 US 222; 85 L Ed 2d 222; 105 SCt 1916 United States Supreme Court United States 16 Apr 1985 WorldLII flag 56
Mississippi Republican Executive Committee v H Brooks 469 US 1002; 83 L Ed 2d 343; 105 SCt 416 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Nov 1984 WorldLII flag 20
United States v Marengo County Comm'n 731 F2d 1546 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 14 May 1984 WorldLII flag 46
Jones v City of Lubbock 727 F2d 364 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 10 Apr 1984 WorldLII flag 34
Karcher v Daggett 462 US 725; 77 L Ed 2d 133; 103 SCt 2653 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Jun 1983 WorldLII flag 39
NLRB v Transportation Management Corporation 462 US 393; 76 L Ed 2d 667; 103 SCt 2469 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Jun 1983 WorldLII flag 390
Rogers v Lodge 458 US 613; 73 L Ed 2d 1012; 102 SCt 3272 United States Supreme Court United States 4 Oct 1982 WorldLII flag 103
Valley Forge Christian College v Americans United for Separation of Church and State, Inc 454 US 464; 70 L Ed 2d 700; 102 SCt 752 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jan 1982 WorldLII flag 774
Fullilove v Klutznick 448 US 448; 65 L Ed 2d 902; 100 SCt 2758 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 224
City of Rome v United States 446 US 156; 64 L Ed 2d 119; 100 SCt 1548 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Jun 1980 WorldLII flag 106
City of Mobile v Bolden 446 US 55; 64 L Ed 47; 64 L Ed 2d 47; 100 SCt 1490 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Apr 1980 WorldLII flag 163
Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v Feeney 442 US 256; 60 L Ed 2d 870; 99 SCt 2282 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Jun 1979 WorldLII flag 345
Regents of the University of California v Bakke 438 US 265; 57 L Ed 2d 750; 98 SCt 2733 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 382
Wise v Lipscomb 437 US 535; 57 L Ed 2d 411; 98 SCt 2493 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 41
Mandel v Bradley 432 US 173; 53 L Ed 2d 199; 97 SCt 2238 United States Supreme Court United States 16 Jun 1977 WorldLII flag 104
Lipscomb v Wise 551 F2d 1043 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 9 May 1977 WorldLII flag 10
Village of Arlington Heights v Metropolitan Housing Development Corporation 429 US 252; 97 SCt 555; 50 L Ed 2d 450; 50 L Ed 2 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 726
Mt Healthy City School District Board of Education v Doyle 429 US 274; 50 L Ed 2d 471; 97 SCt 568; 50 L Ed 417; (1977) 45 USLW 4079; [1977] SEC 1981 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 1386
Beer v United States 425 US 130; 47 L Ed 2d 629; 96 SCt 1357 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Mar 1976 WorldLII flag 52
Fusari v Steinberg 419 US 379; 42 L Ed 2d 521; 95 SCt 533 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jan 1975 WorldLII flag 92
Edelman v Jordan 415 US 651; 39 L Ed 2d 662; 94 SCt 1347; 97 SCt 1347; 39 L Ed 662; 42 USLW 4419 United States Supreme Court United States 13 May 1974 WorldLII flag 1028
White v Regester 412 US 755; 37 L Ed 2d 314; 93 SCt 2332; 37 L Ed 314 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 155
White v Weiser 412 US 783; 37 L Ed 2d 335; 93 SCt 2348 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 47
Gaffney v Cummings 412 US 735; 37 L Ed 2d 298; 93 SCt 2321 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 61
Palmer v Thompson 403 US 217; 29 L Ed 2d 438; 91 SCt 1940 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1971 WorldLII flag 99
Whitcomb v Chavis 403 US 124; 29 L Ed 2d 363; 91 SCt 1858 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Jun 1971 WorldLII flag 146
Kirkpatrick v Preisler 394 US 526; 22 L Ed 2d 519; 89 SCt 1225 United States Supreme Court United States 19 May 1969 WorldLII flag 57
Burns v Richardson 384 US 73; 16 L Ed 2d 376; 86 SCt 1286 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Apr 1966 WorldLII flag 97
South Carolina v Katzenbach 383 US 301; 15 L Ed 2d 769; 86 SCt 803 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Mar 1966 WorldLII flag 197
Reynolds v Sims 377 US 533; 12 L Ed 2d 506; 84 SCt 1362 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Oct 1964 WorldLII flag 474
Baker v Carr 369 US 186; 7 L Ed 2d 633; 82 SCt 691; 7 L Ed 663; 82 SCt Rep 69; 7 L Ed 2; 7 L Ed 2d 663 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Mar 1962 WorldLII flag 1040
Gomillion v Lightfoot 364 US 339; 5 L Ed 2d 110; 81 SCt 125; 5 L Ed 110 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Nov 1960 WorldLII flag 227
Brown v Board of Education 347 US 483; 38 ALR 2d 1180; 98 L Ed 2d 873; [1954] Idaho 349; 98 L Ed 873; 74 SCt 686 United States Supreme Court United States 17 May 1954 WorldLII flag 1011
Terry v Adams 345 US 461; 97 L Ed 1152; 73 SCt 809; 97 L Ed 2d 1152 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Jun 1953 WorldLII flag 177
Smith v Allwright 321 US 649; 88 L Ed 2d 987; 88 L Ed 987; 64 SCt 757 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1944 WorldLII flag 197
Nixon v Condon 286 US 73; 76 L Ed 984; 52 SCt 484 United States Supreme Court United States 2 May 1932 WorldLII flag 89
Nixon v Herndon 273 US 536; 71 L Ed 759; 47 SCt 446 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Mar 1927 WorldLII flag 103
United States v Detroit Timber & Lumber Co 200 US 322; 200 US 321; 50 L Ed 499; 26 SCt 282 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Feb 1906 WorldLII flag 561
Fairbank v United States 181 US 283; 45 L Ed 862; 21 SCt 648 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Apr 1901 WorldLII flag 48
Plessy v Ferguson 163 US 537; 41 L Ed 256; 16 SCt 1138 United States Supreme Court United States 18 May 1896 WorldLII flag 265
Johnson v Mortham 926 FSupp 1460 United States Westlaw flag 1
Johnson v Miller 922 FSupp 1556 United States Westlaw flag 2
Cannon v North Carolina State Bd of Ed 917 FSupp 387 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 1
White v Alabama 867 FSupp 1519 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 4
Vera v Richards 861 FSupp 1304 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 6
Shaw v Hunt 861 FSupp 408 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 8
DeWitt v Wilson 856 FSupp 1409 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 4
Prosser v Elections Bd 793 FSupp 859 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 5
Williams v Dallas 734 FSupp 1317 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 1
Wesley v Collins 605 FSupp 802 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 5
Jordan v Winter 604 FSupp 807 United States Westlaw flag 5
Sierra v El Paso Indep Sch Dist 591 FSupp 802 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 2
Major v Treen 574 FSupp 325 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 15
Shaw v Hunt 517 US 899; 135 L Ed 2d 207; 116 SCt 1894 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 60
Thillens, Inc v Wall 469 US 976; 105 SCt 375; 83 L Ed 2d 311 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 26
Lipscomb v Wise 399 FSupp 782 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 9
Wells v Rockefeller 394 US 542; 89 SCt 1234; 22 L Ed 2d 535 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 32
115 SCt 2637 115 SCt 2637; 132 L Ed 2d 876 United States Westlaw flag 4
108 Harvard Law Review 1359 108 Harvard Law Review 1359 Harvard Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
"Race and Redistricting: Drawing Constitutional Lines after Shaw v Reno" 92 Michigan Law Review 588 Michigan Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
"Expressive Harms, Bizarre Districts, and Voting Rights: Evaluating Election-District Appearances after Shaw v Reno" 92 Michigan Law Review 483 Michigan Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 8
74 Texas Law Review 913 74 Texas Law Review 913 Texas Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
"Paths to Belonging: The Constitution and Cultural Identity" 64 North Carolina Law Review 303 North Carolina Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
Representation and Redistricting Issues); Hartman, Racial Vote Dilution and Separation of Powers 50 George Washington Law Review 689 George Washington Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
45 American University Law Review 763 45 American University Law Review 763 American University Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
Issacharoff, Groups and the Right to Vote 44 Emory Law Journal 869 Emory Law Journal United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
26 Cumberland Law Review 287 26 Cumberland Law Review 287 Cumberland Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
4 TR 187 4 TR 187 circa 1981 1
3 TR 192-193 3 TR 192-193 circa 1981 1
3 TR 177-179 3 TR 177-179 circa 1981 1
e g 3 TR 187 circa 1981 1

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