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Langer v Commonwealth (Political Speech case)   flag  112

[1996] HCA 43; (1996) 186 CLR 302; (1996) 134 ALR 400; 70 ALJR 176; [1996] 2 Leg Rep 13
High Court of Australia
Australia - Commonwealth
20th February, 1996

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Spence v Queensland [2019] HCA 15 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 15 May 2019 AustLII flag
Clubb v Edwards [2019] HCA 11 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 10 Apr 2019 AustLII flag 2
Unions NSW v New South Wales [2019] HCA 1; 363 ALR 1; (2019) 93 ALJR 166 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 Jan 2019 AustLII flag 5
Murphy v Electoral Commissioner [2016] HCA 36; 334 ALR 369; (2016) 90 ALJR 1027 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 5 Sep 2016 AustLII flag 23
Murphy [2016] HCATrans 111 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 May 2016 AustLII flag 2
Day v Australian Electoral Officer for South Australia; Madden v Australian Electoral Officer for Tasmania [2016] HCATrans 98 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 3 May 2016 AustLII flag 1
Day v Australian Electoral Officer for South Australia; Madden v Australian Electoral Officer for Tasmania [2016] HCATrans 97 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 May 2016 AustLII flag 1
Anderson v Thiess Pty Ltd [2015] FWCFB 478 Fair Work Commission Australia 30 Jan 2015 AustLII flag 3
Tajjour v New South Wales [2014] HCA 35; (2014) 254 CLR 508; 313 ALR 221; (2014) 88 ALJR 860; (2014) 241 A Crim R 381 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Oct 2014 AustLII flag 58
Holmdahl v Australian Electoral Commission (No 2) [2012] SASCFC 110; (2012) 277 FLR 101 Supreme Court of South Australia - Full Court Australia - South Australia 24 Sep 2012 AustLII flag 4
"Table of Cases" [2012] ELECD 48 Edited Legal Collections Data Australia circa 2012 AustLII flag
Eatock v Bolt [2011] FCA 1103; (2011) 197 FCR 261; (2011) 283 ALR 505 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 28 Sep 2011 AustLII flag 47
Rowe v Electoral Commissioner [2010] HCA 46 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 15 Dec 2010 AustLII flag 25
Rowe v Electoral Commissioner [2010] HCATrans 205 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 5 Aug 2010 AustLII flag
Rowe v Electoral Commissioner [2010] HCATrans 204 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 4 Aug 2010 AustLII flag 1
Samoa Party v Attorney General [2010] WSCA 4 Court of Appeal of Samoa Samoa 7 May 2010 PacLII flag 10
Caltabiano v Electoral Commission of Queensland (No 4) [2009] QSC 294; [2010] 2 Qd R 1 Supreme Court of Queensland Australia - Queensland 17 Sep 2009 AustLII flag 2
Sinclair & Sinclair (SSAT Appeal) [2009] FMCAfam 434 Federal Magistrates Court of Australia Australia 6 May 2009 AustLII flag
Mitchell v Bailey (No 2) [2008] FCA 692; (2008) 169 FCR 529; (2008) 250 ALR 130; (2008) 104 ALD 525 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 Jul 2008 AustLII flag 4
Dent [2007] AATA 1985 Administrative Appeals Tribunal Australia 23 Nov 2007 AustLII flag 3
Roach v Electoral Commissioner [2007] HCA 43; (2007) 233 CLR 162; (2007) 239 ALR 1; 81 ALJR 1830 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 26 Sep 2007 AustLII flag 152
Roach v Electoral Commissioner [2007] HCATrans 276 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 13 Jun 2007 AustLII flag 2
Holland v R [2005] WASCA 140; (2005) 30 WAR 231; (2005) 222 ALR 694; (2005) 193 FLR 140; (2005) 154 A Crim R 376 Supreme Court of Western Australia - Court of Appeal Australia - Western Australia 3 Aug 2005 AustLII flag 14
Wheeley v The Australian Electoral Commissioner [2005] FCA 473 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 21 Apr 2005 AustLII flag 4
Mulholland v Australian Electoral Commission [2004] HCA 41; (2004) 220 CLR 181; (2004) 209 ALR 582; 78 ALJR 1279 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Sep 2004 AustLII flag 154
Mulholland v Australian Electoral Commission [2003] FCAFC 91; 128 FCR 523; (2003) 198 ALR 278 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 13 May 2003 AustLII flag 11
NRMA v John Fairfax [2002] NSWSC 563 Supreme Court of New South Wales Australia - New South Wales 26 Jun 2002 AustLII flag 15
Ditchburn v The Australian Electoral Commission B1/2002 [2002] HCATrans 313 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 24 Jun 2002 AustLII flag
Ditchburn v The Australian Electoral Commission B2/2002 [2002] HCATrans 314 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 24 Jun 2002 AustLII flag
Local Government Association of Queensland (Inc) v Queensland [2001] QCA 517 Supreme Court of Queensland - Court of Appeal Australia - Queensland 20 Nov 2001 AustLII flag 2
Coleman v Sellars [2000] QCA 465; [2001] 2 Qd R 565; (2000) 158 FLR 269; (2000) 181 ALR 120; (2000) 112 LGERA 69 Supreme Court of Queensland - Court of Appeal Australia - Queensland 21 Nov 2000 AustLII flag 18
Employment Advocate v National Union of Workers [2000] FCA 710; (2000) 100 FCR 454; 173 ALR 479 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 29 May 2000 AustLII flag 23
Bristile Ltd v Buddhist Society of Western Australia Inc [1999] WASC 259; [2000] Aust Torts Reports 81-548 Supreme Court of Western Australia Australia - Western Australia 16 Dec 1999 AustLII flag 9
Ditchburn v Divisional Returning Officer for Herbert B50/1998 [1999] HCATrans 228 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 22 Jul 1999 AustLII flag
Ditchburn v Divisional Returning Officer for Herbert [1999] HCA 41; (1999) 165 ALR 151; (1999) 13 Leg Rep 15 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 22 Jul 1999 AustLII flag 3
Sue v Hill [1999] HCA 30; (1999) 199 CLR 462; 163 ALR 648; (1999) 73 ALJR 1016; (1999) 11 Leg Rep 2 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 23 Jun 1999 AustLII flag 285
A v Pelekanakis [1999] FCA 236; (1999) 91 FCR 70; 57 ALD 131 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 17 Mar 1999 AustLII flag 20
Joseph Richard Bryant v Commonwealth of Australia [1998] FCA 1242 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 30 Sep 1998 AustLII flag
Heytesbury Holdings Pty Ltd v City of Subiaco [1998] WASC 183; 9 WAR 440 Supreme Court of Western Australia Australia - Western Australia 12 Jun 1998 AustLII flag 2
Hamersley Iron Pty Ltd v Avon Francis Lovell [1998] WASCA 133 Supreme Court of Western Australia - Court of Appeal Australia - Western Australia 22 May 1998 AustLII flag 1
Brown v Members of Classification Review Board of Office of Film and Literature Classification [1998] FCA 319; (1998) 82 FCR 225; (1998) 154 ALR 67; (1998) 50 ALD 765; 5 BHRC 169; (1998) 2 CHRLD 224 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 24 Mar 1998 AustLII flag 56
Levy v Victoria [1997] HCA 31; 189 CLR 579; (1997) 146 ALR 248; (1997) 71 ALJR 837; (1997) 12 Leg Rep 14 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 379
Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation [1997] HCA 25; (1997) 189 CLR 520; (1997) 8 FLR 216; (1997) 145 ALR 96; (1997) 71 ALJR 818; [1997] Aust Torts Reports 81-434; (1997) 10 Leg Rep 2; [1997] 2 CHRLD 231; 2 BHRC 513 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 8 Jul 1997 AustLII flag 1046
John Kizon v Michael John Palmer [1997] FCA 21 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 31 Jan 1997 AustLII flag
Muldowney v South Australia [1996] ICHRL 26 Interights Commonwealth Human Rights Law International 24 Apr 1996 WorldLII flag
Langer v Commonwealth of Australia [1996] ICHRL 12 Interights Commonwealth Human Rights Law International 20 Feb 1996 WorldLII flag

Law Reform Reports Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
For Your Information: Australian Privacy Law and Practice [2008] ALRC 108 Australian Law Reform Commission Australia circa 2008 AustLII flag 2
Fighting Words: A Review of Sedition Laws in Australia [2006] ALRC 104 Australian Law Reform Commission Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
"High Court Constitutional Challenges To Criminal Law And Procedure Legislation In Australia" (2018) 41 University of New South Wales Law Journal 1047 McNamara, Luke; Quilter, Julia Australia circa 2018 AustLII flag
"Murphy v Electoral Commissioner: Between Severance and a Hard Place" (2017) 39 Sydney Law Review 395 Hord, Brendan Australia circa 2017 AustLII flag
"A Proportionate Burden: Revisiting the Constitutionality of Optional Preferential Voting" (2017) 42 University of Western Australia Law Review 57 Chan, Eric Australia - Western Australia circa 2017 AustLII flag
"The Public Interest, Representative Government and the 'Legitimate Ends' of Restricting Political Speech" (2017) 43 Monash University Law Review 1 Murra, Samuel J Australia circa 2017 AustLII flag
"Voting Rights of Permanent Residents" (2016) 39 University of New South Wales Law Journal 401 Reilly, Alexander; Torresi, Tiziana Australia circa 2016 AustLII flag 1
"Savings Provisions in Australian Electoral Law: Their Forms, Functions and Historical Development" (2016) 39 University of New South Wales Law Journal 341 Miragliotta, Narelle; Nwokora, Zim Australia circa 2016 AustLII flag
"Day v Australian Electoral Officer (SA): Senate Voting Reforms under Challenge" (2016) 38 Sydney Law Review 231 Twomey, Anne Australia circa 2016 AustLII flag 3
"Reading the High Court at a Distance: Topic Modelling the Legal Subject Matter and Judicial Activity of the High Court of Australia, 1903-2015" (2016) 39 University of New South Wales Law Journal 1300 Carter, David J; Brown, James; Rahmani, Adel Australia circa 2016 AustLII flag
"The Core of the Australian Constitutional People - 'The People' as 'the Electors'" (2016) 39 University of New South Wales Law Journal 421 Arcioni, Elisa Australia circa 2016 AustLII flag 1
"Money Politics: Judicial Review of Electoral Communication Expenditure Limits in Australia " (2015) 39 (2) University of Western Australia Law Review 294 Drury, Alice Australia - Western Australia circa 2015 AustLII flag
"A Revised Proposal for Indigenous Constitutional Recognition" (2014) 36 Sydney Law Review 381 Twomey, Anne Australia circa 2014 AustLII flag 3
"Making Sense of Momcilovic: The Court Of Appeal, Statutory Interpretation and the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006" (2013) 74 Australian Institute of Administrative Law Forum 64 Chen, Bruce Australia circa 2013 AustLII flag 2
"Table of Cases" [2012] ELECD 48 Edited Legal Collections Data Australia circa 2012 AustLII flag
"Excluding Indigenous Australians from 'The People': A Reconsideration of Sections 25 and 127 of the Constitution" (2012) 40 (3) Federal Law Review 287 Arcioni, Elisa Australia circa 2012 AustLII flag
"Misfeasance in Public Office: A Very Peculiar Tort" (2011) 35 Melbourne University Law Review 1 Mark Aronson Australia circa 2011 AustLII flag 25
"Political freedoms and entitlements in the Australian Constitution - an example of referential intentions yielding unexpected legal consequences" [2010] UMonashLRS 14 Emerton, P Australia circa 2010 AustLII flag
"A Federal Human Rights Act and the Reshaping of Australian Constitutional Law" (2010) 33 University of New South Wales Law Journal 88 Lee, H P Australia circa 2010 AustLII flag
"Civil Death of Prisoner: Disenfranchising the Prisoner in Reality Causes His Civil Death" (2008) 1 (2) NUJS Law Review 239 Singh, Kavita India circa 2008 LIIofIndia flag
"The guaranteed right to vote in Australia" (2007) 7 (2) Queensland University of Technology Law and Justice Journal 178 Gray, Anthony Australia - Queensland circa 2007 AustLII flag
"Intelligence of a Future Day: The Vindication of Constitutional Dissent in the High Court Australia - 1981-2003, The" (2007) 29 Sydney Law Review 195 Lynch, Andrew Australia circa 2007 AustLII flag 2
"The High Court of Australia and modes of constitutional interpretation" (FCA) [2007] FedJSchol 10 Kenny, Justice Susan Australia circa 2007 AustLII flag
"Sedition, Security and Human Rights: “ Unbalanced ” Law Reform in the “ War on Terror ”" (2006) 30 Melbourne University Law Review 923 Simon Bronitt and James Stellios Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 10
"Alexander Meiklejohn, American Constitutional Law, and Australia's Implied Freedom of Political Communication" (2006) 34 (3) Federal Law Review 421 Buss, William G Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag
"Chosen by the People'? How Federal Parliamentary Seats Might be Reserved for Indigenous Australians Without Changing the Constitution" (2006) 34 (2) Federal Law Review 261 Chesterman, John Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag
"Justice McHugh, Representative Government and the Elimination of Balancing" (2006) 28 Sydney Law Review 505 Aroney, Nicholas Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 14
"Grounding the High Court's Modern Section 92 Jurisprudence: The Case for Improper Purpose as the Touchstone" (2005) 33 (3) Federal Law Review 445 Simpson, Amelia Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag
"Freedom for Security: Necessary Evil or Faustian Pact?" (2005) 28 University of New South Wales Law Journal 887 Chong, Agnes; Kadous, Waleed Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag
"Possible Constitutional Objections to the Powers to Ban Terrorist Organisations" (2004) 27 University of New South Wales Law Journal 482 Tham, Joo-Cheong Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag 5
"Rights, 'Dialogue' and Democratic Objections to Judicial Review" (2004) 32 Federal Law Review 1 Mcdonald, Leighton Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag 7
"Australian Electoral Law: 'Free and Fair'?" (2004) 32 Federal Law Review 365 Bryan Mercurio; George Williams Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag
"The Prime Minister as puppet: Taking Howard to the High Court" (2004) 29 (5) Alternative Law Journal 239 Roger, Nicole Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag
"Paying for the Comfort of Dogma" (2003) 25 Sydney Law Review 63 Allan, James Australia circa 2003 AustLII flag 8
"Pedestrian Malls and Local Government Powers: Political Speech At Risk" (2003) 5 UTS Law Review 48 Belger, Katherine Australia circa 2003 AustLII flag 1
"Counter-Terrorism Laws: A Threat to Political Freedom, Civil Liberties and Constitutional Rights" (2002) 26 Melbourne University Law Review 666 Head, Michael Australia circa 2002 AustLII flag 16
"Commentary" (2002) 27 Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 185 Lindell, Geoffrey Australia circa 2002 AustLII flag 1
"Rights Protection without Judicial Supremacy: A Review of the Canadian and British Models of Bills of Rights" (2002) 26 Melbourne University Law Review 285 Debeljak, Julie Australia circa 2002 AustLII flag 6
"Haig Patapan, 'Judging Democracy: The New Politics of the High Court of Australia'" (2002) 26 Melbourne University Law Review 224 Carne, Greg Australia circa 2002 AustLII flag
"Constitutional Implications (II): Doctrines of Equality and Democracy" (2001) 25 Melbourne University Law Review 24 Kirk, Jeremy Australia circa 2001 AustLII flag 10
"Online Pornography in Australia: Lessons from the First Amendment" (2001) 24 University of New South Wales Law Journal 142 Voon, Tania Australia circa 2001 AustLII flag
Free Speech and its Postmodern Adversaries [2001] MurUEJL 12 Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law Australia circa 2001 AustLII flag
"The Implied Freedom of Political Communication and Disclosure of Government Information" (2000) 28 Federal Law Review 41 Jolly, Richard Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag 5
"Legislating for a Bill of Rights" (2000) 25 (2) Alternative Law Journal 62 Williams, George Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag 1
"The 'Courts of the Conqueror': the Judicial System and the Assertion of Indigenous Peoples' Rights" (2000) 5 (3) Australian Indigenous Law Reporter 1 Strelein, Lisa Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag 2
"The Federal Constitutional Right to Vote in Australia" (2000) 28 Federal Law Review 125 Twomey, Anne Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag 12
"Brown v The Classification Review Board: Robin Hood or Rebel without a Cause" (1999) 21 Sydney Law Review 294 Kumar, Bashi Australia circa 1999 AustLII flag 1
"Proportionality, Australian constitutionalism and governmental theory : changing the grundnorm" (1999) 3 Southern Cross University Law Review 30 Loftus, Paul Australia circa 1999 AustLII flag 1
"Expansion or Contraction: A Comment" (1998) 20 Adelaide Law Review 153 Kennett, Geoffrey Australia circa 1998 AustLII flag
"Sir Daryl Dawson" (1998) 20 Adelaide Law Review 1 Saunders, Cheryl Australia circa 1998 AustLII flag 1
"Preferential Voting in Australia, Ireland and Malta" (1998) 7 Griffith Law Review 225 Mackerras, Malcolm; Maley, William Australia circa 1998 AustLII flag
"Lange, Levy and the Direction of the Freedom of Political Communication under the Australian Constitution" (1998) 21 University of New South Wales Law Journal 117 Stone, Adrienne Australia circa 1998 AustLII flag 14
"Ballotless and Behind Bars: The Denial of the Franchise to Prisoners" (1998) 26 Federal Law Review 55 Orr, Graeme Australia circa 1998 AustLII flag 8
"Dead Ducks and Endangered Political Communication - Levy v Victoria and Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation" (1997) 19 Sydney Law Review 76 Twomey, Anne Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 3
"Choice Not to Choose: Commonwealth Electoral Law and the Withholding of Preferences, The" (1997) 23 Monash University Law Review 285 Orr, Graeme Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 5
"Privileges and Freedoms for Defamatory Political Speech" (1997) 19 Adelaide Law Review 155 Chesterman, Michael Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 3
"Perils of Inclusion: The Constitution and the Race Power, The" (1997) 19 Adelaide Law Review 95 Williams, John; Bradsen, John Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 9
"Unanimity in a Time of Uncertainty: The High Court Settles Its Differences in Lange v Australian Broadcasting Corporation" (1997) 6 Griffith Law Review 211 Lynch, Andrew Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 3
"Cold War Defence Legislation in the Current Australian Context: Dinosaur or Civil Liberties Disaster?" 1 Flinders Journal of Law Reform 207 Heath, Mary Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag
"Reviews" (1997) 71 (7) Law Institute Journal 24 Gronow, Michael; Katherine, Lindsay; Judith, Peters; Worsnop, Mark; Gardiner, Frank; Lombardi, Robert; Papadopoulos, Evy; Judith, Peters; Moran, Eamonn; Latimer, Paul Australia - Victoria circa 1997 AustLII flag
"Originalism in Constitutional Interpretation" (1997) 25 Federal Law Review 1 Jeffrey Goldsworthy Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 49
"Sounding the Core of Representative Democracy: Implied Freedoms and Electoral Reform" (1996) 20 Melbourne University Law Review 848 Williams, George Australia circa 1996 AustLII flag 17
"Langer v The Commonwealth " [1996] NewcLawRw 18 Miller, James Australia circa 1996 AustLII flag
"Aliens: The Outsiders in the Constitution" (1996-1997) 19 University of Queensland Law Journal 45 Wells, Belinda Australia circa 1997 AustLII flag 5
"Constitutional Implications - A Misty and Uncertain Light" (1996) 3 Deakin Law Review 79 Fricke, Graham Australia circa 1996 AustLII flag
"Langer v The Commonwealth o f Australia: The High Court's retreat on the implied guarantee on freedom of communication" (1996) 3 Australian Journal of Human Rights 152 Eastman, Kate Australia circa 1996 AustLII flag
"Free to Choose or Compelled to Lie? - The Rights of Voters after Langer v The Commonwealth" (1996) 24 Federal Law Review 201 Twomey, Anne Australia circa 1996 AustLII flag 3

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Commonwealth Electoral Act 1918 (Cth) s5, s7, s24, s179, s239, s240, s245, s268, s270, s274, s322, s329
Commonwealth Electoral Legislation Amendment Act (Cth) s103
Commonwealth Electoral Legislation Amendment Act 1984 (Cth)
Electoral and Referendum Amendment Act 1992 (Cth) s27

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Cunliffe v The Commonwealth [1994] HCA 44; (1994) 182 CLR 272; (1994) 124 ALR 120; (1994) 68 ALJR 791 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 1994 AustLII flag 325
Theophanous v Herald & Weekly Times Ltd [1994] HCA 46; (1994) 182 CLR 104; (1994) 124 ALR 1; (1994) 68 ALJR 713; [1994] Aust Torts Reports 81-297; 34 ALD 1 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 1994 AustLII flag 587
Stephens v West Australian Newspapers Ltd [1994] HCA 45; (1994) 182 CLR 211; 124 ALR 80; 68 ALJR 765; [1994] Aust Torts Reports 81-298 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 12 Oct 1994 AustLII flag 296
Sykes v Cleary [1992] HCA 60; (1992) 176 CLR 77; (1992) 109 ALR 577; 67 ALJR 59 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 25 Nov 1992 AustLII flag 149
Nationwide News Pty Ltd v Wills [1992] HCA 46; (1992) 177 CLR 1; (1992) 108 ALR 681; (1992) 66 ALJR 658; (1992) 44 IR 282 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 30 Sep 1992 AustLII flag 883
Australian Capital Television Pty Ltd v Commonwealth [1992] HCA 45; (1992) 177 CLR 106; 108 ALR 577; (1992) 66 ALJR 695 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 30 Sep 1992 AustLII flag 1081
Davis v The Commonwealth [1988] HCA 63; (1988) 166 CLR 79; (1988) 82 ALR 633; 63 ALJR 35 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 6 Dec 1988 AustLII flag 217
McKenzie v Commonwealth [1984] HCA 75; 57 ALR 747; (1984) 59 ALJR 190 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 27 Nov 1984 AustLII flag 27
O'Brien v Warden (1981) 37 ACTR 13; (1981) 54 FLR 16; (1981) 3 A Crim R 289 Australia - Australian Capital Territory circa 1981 LexisNexis AU flag 6
Douglass v Ninnes (1976) 14 SASR 377 Supreme Court of South Australia Australia - South Australia circa 1976 Legal Online / Westlaw flag 10
Attorney-General (Cth); Ex rel McKinlay v The Commonwealth [1975] HCA 53; (1975) 135 CLR 1; (1975) 7 ALR 593; 50 ALJR 279 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 1 Dec 1975 AustLII flag 187
Faderson v Bridger [1971] HCA 46; (1971) 126 CLR 271; [1972] ALR 162; 45 ALJR 570 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 11 Oct 1971 AustLII flag 19
Lubcke v Little [1970] VicRp 99; [1970] VR 807 Australia - Victoria 19 May 1970 AustLII flag 13
Judd v McKeon [1926] HCA 33; (1926) 38 CLR 380; 32 ALR 389 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 11 Sep 1926 AustLII flag 43
Kean v Kerby [1920] HCA 35; (1920) 27 CLR 449 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 2 Jun 1920 AustLII flag 35
Smith v Oldham [1912] HCA 61; (1912) 15 CLR 355; 18 ALR 448 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 9 Oct 1912 AustLII flag 39
Ashby v White [1790] EngR 55; 92 ER 126; (1790) 2 Ld Raym 938 King's Bench United Kingdom circa 1790 CommonLII flag 139
57 AC 398 57 AC 398 United Kingdom LexisNexis / Westlaw flag 1

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