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Adarand Constructors, Inc v Pena   flag  241

515 US 200; 132 L Ed 2d 158; 115 SCt 2097
United States Supreme Court
United States
12th June, 1995

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Florida State Conference v Kurt S Browning [2008] USCA11 203 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 3 Apr 2008 WorldLII flag
Wray v City of New York 05-3341 490 F3d 189 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 18 Jun 2007 WorldLII flag
No 04-15306 477 F3d 1048 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Feb 2007 WorldLII flag 2
Alexander v City of Milwaukee L 474 F3d 437 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 18 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Northern Contracting Inc v Illinois 473 F3d 715 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 8 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag
Collier v B Barnhart 06-3644 473 F3d 444 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 4 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag
Doe v Kamehameha Schools 470 F3d 827 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 5 Dec 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Rapid Test Products Inc v Durham School Services Inc 460 F3d 859 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 12 Sep 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Worth v Jackson M 451 F3d 854 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 23 Jun 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Kohlbek v City of Omaha Nebraska 447 F3d 552 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 1 May 2006 WorldLII flag
Stewart v J Blackwell 444 F3d 843 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 21 Apr 2006 WorldLII flag 2
Mlynczak v W Bodman US 442 F3d 1050 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 4 Apr 2006 WorldLII flag 3
Ellis v Tribune Television Co 05-1983-Cv 443 F3d 71 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 29 Mar 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Jana-Rock Construction Inc v New York State Department of Economic Development & I 438 F3d 195 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 21 Feb 2006 WorldLII flag
"Preventative detention in peace, war, and the age of terrorism in Australia and the United States: a comparative constitutional analysis" [2006] UNSWLawTD 1 Nesbitt, Katherine Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag
Judicial Watch Inc v United States Senate 432 F3d 359 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 23 Dec 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Means v Navajo Nation 432 F3d 924 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 13 Dec 2005 WorldLII flag
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 426 F3d 1162 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Oct 2005 WorldLII flag 9
City of Chicago v United States Department of the Treasury Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms 423 F3d 777 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 12 Sep 2005 WorldLII flag 1
Means v Navajo Nation 420 F3d 1037 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 23 Aug 2005 WorldLII flag 1
Antonelli III v New Jersey 419 F3d 267 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 17 Aug 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Doe v Kamehameha Schools/bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate 416 F3d 1025 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 Aug 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Carhart v Gonzales 413 F3d 791 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 8 Jul 2005 WorldLII flag 9
Western States Paving Co Inc v Washington State Department of Transportation 407 F3d 983 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 May 2005 WorldLII flag 4
Cavalier Cavalier v Caddo Parish School Board 403 F3d 246 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Mar 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Johnson v California 543 US 499; 125 SCt 1141; 160 L Ed 2d 949 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Feb 2005 WorldLII flag 25
Kahawaiolaa v A Norton 386 F3d 1271 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 27 Oct 2004 WorldLII flag 5
Wyoming Sawmills Incorporated v United States Forest Service 383 F3d 1241 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 20 Sep 2004 WorldLII flag 2
Biondo v City of Chicago Illinois 382 F3d 680 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 27 Aug 2004 WorldLII flag 4
Tandy v City of Wichita 380 F3d 1277 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 25 Aug 2004 WorldLII flag 7
Tucson Woman's Clinic Md 379 F3d 531 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 23 Aug 2004 WorldLII flag 7
Landell v H Sorrell 382 F3d 91 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 18 Aug 2004 WorldLII flag 3
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 377 F3d 949 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 27 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag 6
National Wrestling Coaches Association v Department of Education 366 F3d 930 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 14 May 2004 WorldLII flag 10
Garca Prez v Santaella Md 364 F3d 348 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 28 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 21
Petit v City of Chicago 352 F3d 1111 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 22 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 6
Ramos v Town of Vernon 353 F3d 171 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 22 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 7
Garca Prez v Santaella Md 364 F3d 348 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 28 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 21
Artichoke Joe's California Grand Casino v A Norton 353 F3d 712 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 22 Dec 2003 WorldLII flag 10
Sioux Valley Rural Television Inc v Federal Communications Commission 349 F3d 667 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 21 Nov 2003 WorldLII flag 3
Concrete Works of Colorado, Inc v City and County of Denver, Colorado [2003] USSC 7862 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Nov 2003 WorldLII flag
Sherbrooke Turf Inc v Minnesota Department of Transportation 345 F3d 964 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 6 Oct 2003 WorldLII flag 6
Carroll v Nakatani E & J 342 F3d 934 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 Sep 2003 WorldLII flag 5
Williams v Consolidated City of Jacksonville 341 F3d 1261 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 14 Aug 2003 WorldLII flag 7
Johnson v California 336 F3d 1117 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Jul 2003 WorldLII flag 1
Malabed v North Slope Borough 335 F3d 864 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 8 Jul 2003 WorldLII flag 3
Gratz v Bollinger 539 US 244; 123 SCt 2411; 156 L Ed 2d 257; 177 Ed Law Rep 851 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 52
Grutter v Bollinger 539 US 306; 123 SCt 2325; 156 L Ed 2d 304; 177 Ed Law Rep 801 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 129
American Federation of Government Employees v United States 330 F3d 513 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 6 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 1
Janet Ramos v Town of Vernon and Rudolph Ross 331 F3d 315 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 2 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 2
31 Foster Children v Bush 329 F3d 1255 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 8 May 2003 WorldLII flag 18
Williams v E Hansen 326 F3d 569 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 22 Apr 2003 WorldLII flag
United States v Sabri 326 F3d 937 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 7 Apr 2003 WorldLII flag 7
Quinn v City of Boston 325 F3d 18 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 27 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 3
Cotter v City of Boston 323 F3d 160 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 25 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 7
United States v Reynoso 336 F3d 46 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 18 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 3
Concrete Works of Colorado Inc v City and County of Denver 321 F3d 950 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 10 Feb 2003 WorldLII flag 3
Lansdale v Hi-Health Supermart Corporation 314 F3d 355 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 19 Dec 2002 WorldLII flag
Patrolmen's Benevolent Association of the City of New York v The City of New York J a 310 F3d 43 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 17 Oct 2002 WorldLII flag 7
Valeria O v Davis 307 F3d 1036 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 7 Oct 2002 WorldLII flag 1
Center for Reproductive Law and Policy v W Bush 304 F3d 183 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 13 Sep 2002 WorldLII flag 7
Donahue v City of Boston 304 F3d 110 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 5 Sep 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Scott v Pasadena Unified School District 306 F3d 646 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Sep 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Eunique v L Powell 302 F3d 971 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 23 Aug 2002 WorldLII flag 3
United States Air Tour Association v Federal Aviation Administration 298 F3d 997 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 16 Aug 2002 WorldLII flag 7
Grutter v Bollinger 288 F3d 732; 164 Ed Law Rep 610 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 14 May 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Pryor v National Collegiate Athletic Association 288 F3d 548 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 6 May 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Sinclair Broadcast Group Inc v Federal Communications Commission 284 F3d 148 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 2 Apr 2002 WorldLII flag 10
Eunique v L Powell 281 F3d 940 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 22 Feb 2002 WorldLII flag 1
Alliant Energy Corporation and Wisconsin Power and Light Co, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v Ave M Bie, Joseph P Mettner, and John H Farrow, in their official capacities as Commissioners of the Wisconsin Public Service Commission, Defendants-Appellees 277 F3d 916 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 17 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 3
United States of America, Appellee, v Lemrick Nelson, JR and Charles Price, Also Known As Bald Black Man, Defendants-Appellants 277 F3d 164 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 7 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 11
Columbia Basin Apartment Association; Bernard Shaw; Jean Shaw; Robert Lawrence; Joan Lawrence; Robert Lee Gaines; Billie Jean S Gaines; Manuel Vala; Maria Galeana, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v City of Pasco, Defendant-Appellee 268 F3d 791 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 26 Sep 2001 WorldLII flag 4
Belk v Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd of Educ 269 F3d 305 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 21 Sep 2001 WorldLII flag 9
Dillingham v INS 267 F3d 996 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 14 Sep 2001 WorldLII flag 13
Cleveland Branch, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v City of Parma, Ohio, Defendant-Appellee 263 F3d 513 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 28 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 16
Johnson v Bd of Regents 263 F3d 1234 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 27 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 27
Rothe Development Corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, v United States Department of Defense and United States Department of the Air Force, Defendants-Appellees 262 F3d 1306 United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit United States 20 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 8
BB , Plaintiffs-Appellants, v Madison Metropolitan School District, John Burmaster, Nancy Zabel, Laura Mueller, Sue Perry, Annie Keith, Robert Weisner, Sue Berthouex, and Shelly Cosgrove, Defendants-Appellees 259 F3d 807 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 2 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 4
James v City of Dallas 254 F3d 551 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 17 Jul 2001 WorldLII flag 12
Bass v Bd of County Comm'rs 256 F3d 1095 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 9 Jul 2001 WorldLII flag 22
Builders Association of Greater Chicago, Plaintiff-Appellee, v County of Cook, Defendant-Appellant, and Association of Asian Construction Enterprises, , Intervening-Defendants-Appellants 256 F3d 642 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 6 Jul 2001 WorldLII flag 4
Ball v Massanari 254 F3d 817 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 15 Jun 2001 WorldLII flag 6
Plaintiffs-Appellants, v City of Chicago, , Defendants-Appellees 249 F3d 649 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 3 May 2001 WorldLII flag 4
Michael Wooden, Terry Bratcher, Dr , , Plaintiffs-Appellants, v Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, Stephen R Portch, Dr , , Defendants-Appellees, Georgia State Conference Naacp, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, , Intervenor-Defendants- Appellees 247 F3d 1262 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 19 Apr 2001 WorldLII flag 28
United States of America, Appellee, v Pedro Luis Tejada, Defendant, Appellant 255 F3d 1 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 27 Mar 2001 WorldLII flag 3
United States, Appellee, v Mario Saavedra, Defendant, Appellant 250 F3d 60 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 21 Feb 2001 WorldLII flag 1
GARY DAVID MORRISON, JR , Plaintiff-Appellee, v DAVID A GARRAGHTY, Chief Warden; M C MILLARD, Associate Warden, Defendants-Appellants, and RONALD J ANGELONE, Director, Virginia Department of Corrections, Defendant UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Movant 239 F3d 648 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 7 Feb 2001 WorldLII flag 7
Bijoy Misra, Plaintiff, Appellant, v Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; i Michael Heyman, Defendants, Appellees 248 F3d 37 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 31 Jan 2001 WorldLII flag 1
Abdul-Akbar v McKelvie 239 F3d 307 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 29 Jan 2001 WorldLII flag 19
MD/DC/DE Broadcasters Ass’ns v. FCC 236 F3d 13; 344 USApp DC 322 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 16 Jan 2001 WorldLII flag
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff Appellee, v SECRETARY OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT, Third-Party Defendant SHIRLEY C BROWN, in her capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; LORA BRADLEY CHODOS, in her official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; THOMAS FREY, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; WILLARD A GENRICH, In his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; NORMA GLUCK; EMLYN I GRIFFITH, in her official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; FLOYD S LINTON, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; VINCENT TESE; UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT; SAMUEL PIERCE; SALVADORE SCLAFINI, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; THOMAS SOBOL; MARIO CUOMO; MARTIN C BARRELL, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; JAMES MCCABE, SR , in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; MIMI LEVIN LIEBER, in her official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; YONKERS COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AGENCY, Defendants Appellees, CITY OF YONKERS; Defendant Appellant Cross Appellee, YONKERS BOARD OF EDUCATION, Defendants Appellants, v YONKERS FEDERATION OF TEACHERS; Intervenor Defendant YONKERS BRANCH NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF COLORED PEOPLE; Intervenor Plaintiff Appellee Cross Appellant, R CARLOS CARBALLADA, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; LOUISE P MATTEONI, in his official capacity as member of the State Board of Regents; EDWARD MEYER, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; JORGE L BATTISTA, in his official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; NEW YORK; BOARD OF REGENTS OF NEW YORK; ADELAIDE L SANFORD, in her official capacity as a member of the State Board of Regents; URBAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION OF NEW YORK; GEORGE PATAKI, as Governor of New York; R United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 5 Jan 2001 WorldLII flag
RICKY BROWN, on behalf of himself and all other persons similarly situated; JAMEL CHAMPEN, on behalf of himself and all other persons similarly situated; SHERYL CHAMPEN, on behalf of herself and all other persons similarly situated; HOPETON GORDON, on behalf of himself and all other persons similarly situated; JEAN CANTAVE, on behalf of himself and all other persons similarly situated; RAISHAWN MORRIS, on behalf of himself and all other persons similarly situated; TIM RICHARDSON, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; DARRYL TAYLOR, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; ROBERT WALKER, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; CLEMENT MALLORY, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; RONALD SANCHEZ, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; DARNELL LEMONS, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; JOHN BUTLER, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; JASON CHILDS, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; PAUL HEYWARD, JR , on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; RONALD JENNINGS, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; PAUL HOWE, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; BUBU DEMASIO, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; WILSON ACOSTA, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; CHRIS HOLLAND, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; JERMAINE ADAMS, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; FELIX FRANCIS, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; DANIEL SONTAG, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; RONALD LYNCH, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; KENNETH McCLAIN, on behalf of themselves and all other persons similarly situated; HERVEY PIERRE, on behalf of themse United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 18 Dec 2000 WorldLII flag
Smith v Univ of Wash Law Sch 233 F3d 1188 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Dec 2000 WorldLII flag 20
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Slater 228 F3d 1147 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 25 Sep 2000 WorldLII flag 13
Carol MAJESKE, , Plaintiffs-Appellants, v City of Chicago, Defendant-Appellee 218 F3d 816 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 1 Sep 2000 WorldLII flag 8
Thigpen v Bibb County, Sheriff's Dep't 223 F3d 1231 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 30 Aug 2000 WorldLII flag 9
Kazmier v Widmann 225 F3d 519 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 25 Aug 2000 WorldLII flag 15
SCOTT ELWELL, Plaintiff-Appellant, v KENNETH P DOBUCKI, Defendant-Appellee 224 F3d 638 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 10 Aug 2000 WorldLII flag
Brown v City of Oneonta 221 F3d 329 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 8 Aug 2000 WorldLII flag 6
Donald J Sierakowski, Plaintiff-Appellant, v James E Ryan, Attorney General of Illinois, in his official capacity, and John R Lumpkin, Director of the Illinois Department of Public Health, in his official capacity, Defendants-Appellees 223 F3d 440 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 3 Aug 2000 WorldLII flag 2
Johann Breyer, Appellant v Doris Meissner, US Immigration and Naturalization Service 214 F3d 416 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 6 Jun 2000 WorldLII flag 2
Kansas v United States 214 F3d 1196 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 1 Jun 2000 WorldLII flag 12
Associated General Contractors of Ohio, Inc; Associated General Contractors of Northwest Ohio, Inc , Plaintiffs-Appellees, v Sandra A Drabik, Director, Department of Administrative Services; Reginald Wilkinson, Director of Rehabilitation and Correction, Defendants-Appellants 214 F3d 730 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 1 Jun 2000 WorldLII flag 10
Laurie A Brewer, and Jodie Foster, individually and as parents and guardians of Jessica L Haak, a minor, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v The West Irondequoit Central School District, The Urban-Suburban Interdistrict Transfer Program, Monroe Number One Board Of Cooperative Educational Services, Theresa J Woodson, Gretchen Stephan and Marlene S Allen, in their individual and official capacities, Defendants-Appellants United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 11 May 2000 WorldLII flag
Trinity Broadcasting of Florida, Inc v FCC 211 F3d 618; 341 USApp DC 191 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 5 May 2000 WorldLII flag 12
United States v Montero-Camargo 208 F3d 1122 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 11 Apr 2000 WorldLII flag 25
Melinda Erickson, Plaintiff-Appellee, United States of America, Intervenor, v Board of Governors of State Colleges and Universities for Northeastern Illinois University, Defendant-Appellant 207 F3d 945 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 27 Mar 2000 WorldLII flag 24
Tracie Park, Appellee, v Forest Service of the United States of America, Appellant 205 F3d 1034 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 3 Mar 2000 WorldLII flag 6
WHSCOTT CONSTRUCTION Co, INC Plaintiff-Appellee, v CITY OF JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI; HARVEY JOHNSON, In his official capacity as Mayor of the city of Jackson, MS; LOUIS E ARMSTRONG, In his official capacity as a present member of the Jackson City Council; MARGARET BARRETT, In her official capacity as a present member of the Jackson City Council; CHIP RENO, In his official capacity as a present member of the Jackson City Council; KENNETH STOKES, In his official capacity as a present member of the Jackson City Council; WILLIAM BROWN, In his official capacity as a member of the Jackson City Council; ROBERT WILLIAMS, In his official capacity as a present member of the Jackson City Council; BEN ALLEN, In his official capacity as a present member of the Jackson City Council, Defendants-Appellants United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 24 Jan 2000 WorldLII flag
Kimel v Florida Bd of Regents 528 US 62; 145 L Ed 2d 522; 120 SCt 631 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Jan 2000 WorldLII flag 175
FCC v NextWave Personal Communications, Inc 200 F3d 43 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 22 Dec 1999 WorldLII flag 11
Eisenberg v Montgomery County Pub Schs 197 F3d 123 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 9
Karl C Schurr, Appellant, v Resorts International Hotel, Inc; New Jersey State Casino Control Commission; James Hurley * , Chairman of the New Jersey State Casino Control Commission 196 F3d 486 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 12 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 2
Tuttle v Arlington County Sch Bd 195 F3d 698 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 1 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 13
L Shaq, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v School Board of Broward County, Florida, Frank Pettruzzielo, Defendants-Appellees 193 F3d 1285 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 28 Oct 1999 WorldLII flag 7
Rothe Development Corporation, Plaintiffs-Appellants, v United States Department of Defense and United States Department of the Air Force, Defendants-Appellees 194 F3d 622 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 27 Oct 1999 WorldLII flag 2
Brown v City of Oneonta 195 F3d 111 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 26 Oct 1999 WorldLII flag 4
Jill Harmon and John Kean, Appellees, v City of Kansas City, Missouri, Appellant 197 F3d 321 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 20 Oct 1999 WorldLII flag 7
Harris v Garner 190 F3d 1279 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 30 Sep 1999 WorldLII flag 13
Safeco Insurance Co of America and Eatherly Construction Co, Plaintiffs-Appellants/Cross-Appellees, v City of White House, Tennessee, Defendant-Appellee/Cross-Appellant, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Intervenor-Appellee 191 F3d 675 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 20 Sep 1999 WorldLII flag 4
Plaintiff-Appellant, v the Regents of the University of California, and Theodore R Mitchell, Defendants-Appellees 190 F3d 1061 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Sep 1999 WorldLII flag 8
CITY DANIEL ALVAREZ, SR , Commissioner of Human Services, , Plaintiffs-Appellants, and MORRIS I SINELNIKOV, MAXIMINIA CARMONA, IGNACIA OROZCO, , Intervenor-Plaintiffs-Appellants, v DONNA E SHALALA, Secretary of Health and Human Services, JOHN J CALLAHAN, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, DANIEL R GLICKMAN, Secretary of Agriculture, , Defendants-Appellees 189 F3d 598 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 31 Aug 1999 WorldLII flag 7
Madrid v Gomez 190 F3d 990 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 30 Aug 1999 WorldLII flag 13
United States v Santos-Riviera 183 F3d 367 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Jul 1999 WorldLII flag 12
National Federation of the Blind of Missouri, a Missouri Not-for-Profit Corporation, Plaintiff-Appellant, Gary l Wunder, an Individual; Edwin C Bryant, an Individual; John Ford, an Individual, Plaintiffs, National Federation of the Blind, Inc , Plaintiff-Appellant, v Denise Cross, in Her Official Capacity As Director of the Division of Family Services of Missouri; Sally l Howard, in Her Official Capacity As Deputy Director and Supervisor of the Rehabilitation Services for the Blind of Missouri, Defendants-Appellees, Mae E Weston, in Her Official Capacity As District Supervisor of the North ST Louis Office of the Rehabilitation Services for the Blind, Defendant United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 12 Jul 1999 WorldLII flag
Paul Hill, Plaintiff-Appellant, v Howard L Ross, , Defendants-Appellees 183 F3d 586 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 23 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 5
Olmstead v LC 527 US 581; 144 L Ed 2d 540; 119 SCt 2176 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 64
Hayden v County of Nassau 180 F3d 42 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 9 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 17
Walker v City of Mesquite Tx 169 F3d 973 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 16 Mar 1999 WorldLII flag 10
City of New York v Local Sheet Metal Workers' International Association 170 F3d 279; 75 Empl Prac Dec P 45,837 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 12 Mar 1999 WorldLII flag 6
Adarand Constructors Inc v E Slater R F Viii C 169 F3d 1292 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 4 Mar 1999 WorldLII flag 2
Thomas v Anchorage Equal Rights Commission 165 F3d 692; 67 Idaho 68 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States - Idaho 14 Jan 1999 WorldLII flag 20
No 98-1840 178 F3d 68 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 11 Jan 1999 WorldLII flag 4
"The status of the registered nurse in law, society and scholarship" [1999] UNSWLawTD 2 Chiarella, Mary Australia circa 1999 AustLII flag
Wessmann v Gittens 160 F3d 790; 130 Ed Law Rep 1009 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 19 Nov 1998 WorldLII flag 25
Fraternal Order of Police v United States 152 F3d 998; 332 USApp DC 49 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 12 Nov 1998 WorldLII flag 6
Brown v McLean 159 F3d 898 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 30 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 12
United States v Brandon 158 F3d 947 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 23 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 14
Schleifer Schleifer v City of Charlottesville 159 F3d 843 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 20 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 8
Buchwald v University of New Mexico School of Medicine 159 F3d 487; 130 Ed Law Rep 428 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 20 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 12
Lesage v Texas 158 F3d 213; 130 Ed Law Rep 37 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 13 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 5
Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod v Federal Communications Commission 154 F3d 487 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 15 Sep 1998 WorldLII flag 5
Hb Mac Inc v United States 153 F3d 1338 United States Court of Appeals, Federal Circuit United States 19 Aug 1998 WorldLII flag 4
Cache Valley Electric Co v Utah Department of Transportation K 149 F3d 1119 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 7 Jul 1998 WorldLII flag 4
Madrid v Gomez 150 F3d 1030 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 Jul 1998 WorldLII flag 8
Milner v Apfel 148 F3d 812 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 30 Jun 1998 WorldLII flag 9
Rivera v Allin 144 F3d 719 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 23 Jun 1998 WorldLII flag 22
Rice v Cayetano 146 F3d 1075 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 22 Jun 1998 WorldLII flag 3
Ho Ho 147 F3d 854; 127 Ed Law Rep 614 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Jun 1998 WorldLII flag 3
Hutchins Owens v District of Columbia 144 F3d 798; 330 USApp DC 155 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 22 May 1998 WorldLII flag 2
United States v Ovalle 136 F3d 1092 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 22 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 16
McNamara v City of Chicago 138 F3d 1219 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 21 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 31
Missouri Synod v FCC 141 F3d 344; 329 USApp DC 381; 72 Empl Prac Dec P 45,246 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 14 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 20
Doe v University of Illinois Doe Janet Doe 138 F3d 653; 124 Ed Law Rep 812 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 14 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 14
Monterey Mechanical Co v Wilson 138 F3d 1270 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Mar 1998 WorldLII flag 1
Raso v Lago 135 F3d 11 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 27 Jan 1998 WorldLII flag 7
Suhre v Haywood County 131 F3d 1083 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 12 Dec 1997 WorldLII flag 9
Messer v Meno 130 F3d 130 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 11 Dec 1997 WorldLII flag 19
National Rifle Association of America Dc v W Magaw 132 F3d 272 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 21 Nov 1997 WorldLII flag 23
Engineering Contractors Association of South Florida Inc v Metropolitan Dade County E S 122 F3d 895 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 8 Oct 1997 WorldLII flag 27
Monterey Mechanical Co v Wilson 125 F3d 702 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 3 Sep 1997 WorldLII flag 20
Coalition for Economic Equity v Wilson E 122 F3d 692; 66 USLW 3171 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Aug 1997 WorldLII flag 24
Scott Bennett Nava v City of Dublin 121 F3d 453 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Jul 1997 WorldLII flag 1
City of Boerne v Flores 521 US 507; 138 L Ed 2d 624; 117 SCt 2157 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 359
Agostini v Felton 521 US 203; 117 SCt 1310; 138 L Ed 2d 391; 167 Idaho 168; 119 Ed Law Rep 29 United States Supreme Court United States - Idaho 23 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 283
Graceba Total Communications, Inc v FCC 115 F3d 1038; 325 USApp DC 135 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 20 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 10
Abrams v Johnson 521 US 74; 138 L Ed 2d 285; 117 SCt 1925 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 28
Carson v Johnson 112 F3d 818 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 16 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 25
Dynalantic Corporation v Department of Defense 115 F3d 1012; 325 USApp DC 109 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 10 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 6
People Who Care v Rockford Board of Education School District 111 F3d 528; 117 Ed Law Rep 473; 65 USLW 2690; 152 ALRFed 677 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 3 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 21
Williams v Babbitt 115 F3d 657 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 May 1997 WorldLII flag 21
Directv, Inc v FCC 110 F3d 816; 65 USLW 2711; 324 USApp DC 72 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 18 Apr 1997 WorldLII flag 20
Coalition for Economic Equity v Wilson E 110 F3d 1431 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 8 Apr 1997 WorldLII flag 7
International Science Technology Institute Incorporated v Inacom Communications Incorporated 106 F3d 1146; 25 Media LRep 1498; 65 USLW 2548 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 11 Feb 1997 WorldLII flag 18
United States v Adams [1996] USCA4 3106 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 17 Dec 1996 WorldLII flag
Cohen v Brown University 101 F3d 155; 45 Fed REvid Serv 1369; 114 Ed Law Rep 394; 65 USLW 2396 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 21 Nov 1996 WorldLII flag 23
Middleton v City of Flint Michigan 92 F3d 396 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 28 Oct 1996 WorldLII flag 5
Wilson v Glenwood Intermountain Properties Inc 98 F3d 590; 113 Ed Law Rep 551 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 21 Oct 1996 WorldLII flag 9
Erwin v M Daley 92 F3d 521; 68 Empl Prac Dec P 44,249 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 18 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 15
Eldredge v Carpenters Northern California Counties Joint Apprenticeship and Training Committee 94 F3d 1366 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 2
Sheppard v Beerman 94 F3d 823; 12 IER Cases 49 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 6 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 18
Alexander v Mh Estepp H 95 F3d 312 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 5 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 5
Price v City of Charlotte 93 F3d 1241 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 3 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 41
Taxman v Board of Education of Township of Piscataway Taxman 91 F3d 1547 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 21 Aug 1996 WorldLII flag 13
Scheduled Airlines Traffic Offices Inc v Department of Defense 87 F3d 1356; 318 USApp DC 347 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 5 Jul 1996 WorldLII flag 15
United States v Virginia 518 US 515; 135 L Ed 2d 735; 116 SCt 2264 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Jul 1996 WorldLII flag 125
Wittmer v Peters 87 F3d 916 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 2 Jul 1996 WorldLII flag 22
Shoemaker v Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education [1996] USCA9 1896 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 19 Jun 1996 WorldLII flag
Bush v Vera 517 US 952; 135 L Ed 2d 248; 116 SCt 1941 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jun 1996 WorldLII flag 51
Scheidemann v INS 83 F3d 1517 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 16 May 1996 WorldLII flag 17
Smith v Virginia Commonwealth Univ 84 F3d 672 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 10 May 1996 WorldLII flag 14
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v Local 81 F3d 1162 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 10 Apr 1996 WorldLII flag 11
Hopwood v Texas 78 F3d 932; 107 Ed Law Rep 552; 64 USLW 2591 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 4 Apr 1996 WorldLII flag 36
Omnipoint Corporation v FCC 78 F3d 620; 316 USApp DC 259 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 8 Mar 1996 WorldLII flag 18
Nixon v Kent County 76 F3d 1381; 64 USLW 2485 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 2 Feb 1996 WorldLII flag 15
Pf Flores v City of Boerne Texas 73 F3d 1352; 64 USLW 2472 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 23 Jan 1996 WorldLII flag 17
Miller v Johnson 515 US 900; 132 L Ed 2d 762; 115 SCt 2475 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 82

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) Author Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
"What Comparativism Tells us About Originalism" [2013] UMelbLRS 4 Weis, Lael Australia circa 2013 AustLII flag
"The Constitutional Review and Entrenchment of the Bill of Rights" (2013) 19 Auckland University Law Review 27 Hunter, Stephen M New Zealand circa 2013 NZLII flag
"Implementing Women's Equal Right To Employment In Bangladesh: A Comparative Judicial Approach with Special Reference to India, Canada and Australia" [2012] CanLawRw 2 (2012) 11 Canberra Law Review 1 Begum, Afroza Australia circa 2012 AustLII flag
"Political culture and the rule of law: comparing the United States and New Zealand" (2012) 12 Otago Law Review 663 Wendel, W Bradley New Zealand circa 2012 NZLII flag
"Risks, Rights, Statistics and Compulsory Measures" (2009) 31 Sydney Law Review 507 Meyerson, Denise Australia circa 2009 AustLII flag
Civil Rights Act, Title VII - Compliance Efforts (2009) 123 Harvard Law Review 282 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Can Courts Repair the Crumble Foundation of Good Citizenship - An Examination of Potential Legal Challenges to Social Studies Cutbacks in Public Schools" (2009) 107 Michigan Law Review 1269 Savit, Eli United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Free Speech Federalism" (2009) 108 Michigan Law Review 153 Winkler, Adam United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Significance of the Local in Immigration Regulation, The" (2008) 106 Michigan Law Review 567 Rodriguez, Cristina M United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag 2
Mechanisms of Secrecy (2008) 121 Harvard Law Review 1556 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag 3
"Narrow Path to Diversity: The Constitutionality of Rezoning Plans and Strategic Site Selection of Schools after Parents Involved, A" (2008) 107 Michigan Law Review 501 Collis, Steven T United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
Justice Thomas's Inconsistent Originalism (2008) 121 Harvard Law Review 1431 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
[2007] HarvLawRw 1; (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 98 (1 January 2007) (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 98 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag
Seattle and Louisville School Cases: There is No Other Way (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 158 J Harvie Wilkinson III United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Supreme Court and Voluntary Integration (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 131 Ryan, James E United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
"Burkean Minimalism" 105 Michigan Law Review 353 Sunstein, Cass R United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 8
Judicially Manageable Standards and Constitutional Meaning 119 Harvard Law Review 1274 Richard H Fallon, Jr United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 6
A Tribute to Justice Sandra Day O'Connor (2006) 119 Harvard Law Review 1239 Joyce, Craig United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Riddle of Hiram Revels (2006) 119 Harvard Law Review 1680 Primus, Richard A United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 2
Court's Agenda - And the Nation's (2006) 120 Harvard Law Review 4 Schauer, Frederick United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag 5
"The Trouble with Living Tree Interpretation" (2006) 25 University of Queensland Law Journal 3 Huscroft, Grant Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 3
< i > Grutter < /i > at Work: A Title VII Critique of Constitutional Affirmative Action (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1408 Bulman-Pozen, Jessica United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
"Preventative detention in peace, war, and the age of terrorism in Australia and the United States: a comparative constitutional analysis" [2006] UNSWLawTD 1 Nesbitt, Katherine Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag
Civil Rights, Antitrust, and Early Decision Programs (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 880 Afram, Ruby Z United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Pluralism and Distrust: How Courts Can Support Democracy by Lowering the Stakes of Politics (2005) 114 Yale Law Journal 1279 William N Eskridge Jr United States 1 Jan 2005 WorldLII flag 7
Race as Mission Critical: The Occupational Need Rationale in Military Affirmative Action and Beyond (2004) 113 Yale Law Journal 1093 Leach, Bryan W United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Priority of Morality: The Emergency Constitution's Blind Spot (2004) 113 Yale Law Journal 1753 Cole, David United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 4
Federalist Dimension of Regulatory Takings Jurisprudence (2004) 114 Yale Law Journal 203 Sterk, Stewart E United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Minorities, Shareholder and Otherwise (2003) 113 Yale Law Journal 119 Chander, Anupam United States 1 Jan 2003 WorldLII flag 1
How Judges Overrule: Speech Act Theory and the Doctrine < BR > of Stare Decisis (2003) 113 Yale Law Journal 493 Dunn, Pintip Hompluem United States 1 Jan 2003 WorldLII flag
Legislative Constitutionalism and Section Five Power: Policentric Interpretation of the Family and Medical Leave Act (2003) 112 Yale Law Journal 1943 Robert C Post and Reva B Siegel United States 1 Jan 2003 WorldLII flag 6
Sanitized Workplace (2003) 112 Yale Law Journal 2061 Schultz, Vicki United States 1 Jan 2003 WorldLII flag 3
"Damages Claims Against American Public School Districts for Violations of the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA): Lessons from Gonzaga University v Doe" (2003) 8 Australia and New Zealand Journal of Law and Education 19 Mawdsley, Ralph D Australia circa 2003 AustLII flag
Covering (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 769 Yoshino, Kenji United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 10
Framing Transactions in Constitutional Law (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 1311 Levinson, Daryl J United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 2
Waging War, Deciding Guilt: Trying the Military Tribunals 111 Yale Law Journal 1259 Neal Kumar Kaytal and Laurence H Tribe United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 12
Unclear Standards Create an Unclear Future: Developing a Better Definition of Unitary Status (2002) 112 Yale Law Journal 311 Moore, Monika L United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag
Storrs Lectures: Liberals and Romantics at War: The Problem of Collective Guilt (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 1499 Fletcher, George P United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 3
Anti-Antidiscrimination Agenda (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 1141 Rubenfeld, Jed United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 2
< I > Bush v Gore < /I > and the Boundary Between Law and Politics (2001) 110 Yale Law Journal 1407 Balkin, Jack M United States 1 Jan 2001 WorldLII flag 2
" A Common Fate of Discrimination " : Race-Gender Analogies in Legal and Historical Perspective (2001) 110 Yale Law Journal 1045 Mayeri, Serena United States 1 Jan 2001 WorldLII flag 1
"Democratic Constitutionalism and Cultural Heterogeneity" [2000] AUJlLegPhil 18 (2000) 25 (2) Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 185 Post, Robert C Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag
"Obstacles to Citation Reform" [2000] JILT 60 L Foster United Kingdom circa 2000 BAILII flag
"Indirect Discrimination as A Vehicle For Change" (2000) 6 (2) Australian Journal of Human Rights 77 Loenen, Titia Australia circa 2000 AustLII flag
"The status of the registered nurse in law, society and scholarship" [1999] UNSWLawTD 2 Chiarella, Mary Australia circa 1999 AustLII flag
"Affirmative Action in a Democratic Society" (1997) 13 Queensland University of Technology Law Journal 195 Tahmindjis, Phillip Australia - Queensland circa 1997 AustLII flag

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Constitution
Fourteenth Amendment
Fifth Amendment
Constitution

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) Court Jurisdiction Date †  Full Text Citation Index
Allied-Bruce Terminix Cos v Dobson 513 US 265; 130 L Ed 2d 753; 115 SCt 834 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jan 1995 WorldLII flag 85
Adarand Constructors Inc v Pena D N Viii 16 F3d 1537; 65 Empl Prac Dec P 43,366 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 16 Feb 1994 WorldLII flag 5
United States v Dixon 509 US 688; 125 L Ed 2d 556; 113 SCt 2849 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 253
Shaw v Reno 509 US 630; 125 L Ed 2d 511; 113 SCt 2816 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 122
Northeastern Fla Chapter, Associated Gen Contractors of America v Jacksonville 508 US 656; 124 L Ed 2d 586; 113 SCt 2297 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 165
Planned Parenthood v Casey 505 US 833; 120 L Ed 2d 674; 112 SCt 2791 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 342
Lujan v Defenders of Wildlife 504 US 555; 119 L Ed 2d 351; 112 SCt 2130 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 1239
Johnson v Hugo's Skateway 950 F2d 1401; 57 Empl Prac Dec P 41,114; 34 Fed REvid Serv 824; 60 USLW 2436 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 9 Dec 1991 WorldLII flag 43
Payne v Tennessee 501 US 808; 115 L Ed 2d 720; 111 SCt 2597 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Sep 1991 WorldLII flag 195
Powers v Ohio 499 US 400; 113 L Ed 2d 411; 111 SCt 1364 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Apr 1991 WorldLII flag 236
"Fair Driving: Gender and Race Discrimination in Retail Car Negotiations" (1991) 104 Harvard Law Review 817 Harvard Law Review United States circa 1991 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 3
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC 497 US 547; 111 L Ed 2d 445; 110 SCt 2997 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1990 WorldLII flag 85
Grady v Corbin 495 US 508; 109 L Ed 2d 548; 110 SCt 2084 United States Supreme Court United States 29 May 1990 WorldLII flag 276
South Carolina v Gathers 490 US 805; 104 L Ed 2d 876; 109 SCt 2207 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Aug 1989 WorldLII flag 40
Shurberg Broadcasting of Hartford, Inc v FCC 876 F2d 902; 278 USApp DC 24; 57 USLW 2571 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 16 Jun 1989 WorldLII flag 10
Winter Park Communications, Inc v FCC 873 F2d 347; 277 USApp DC 134; 57 USLW 2619 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Apr 1989 WorldLII flag 6
City of Richmond v JA Croson Co 488 US 469; 102 L Ed 2d 854; 109 SCt 706 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1989 WorldLII flag 251
Mann v City of Albany Georgia a 883 F2d 999; 50 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1448; 51 Empl Prac Dec P 39,330; 58 USLW 2227 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States circa 1989 WorldLII flag 12
Booth v Maryland 482 US 496; 96 L Ed 2d 440; 107 SCt 2529 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Sep 1987 WorldLII flag 105
Solorio v United States 483 US 435; 97 L Ed 2d 364; 107 SCt 2924 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Sep 1987 WorldLII flag 41
Associated General Contractors of California Inc v City and County of San Francisco 813 F2d 922; 55 USLW 2547; 42 Empl Prac Dec P 36,894 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 23 Mar 1987 WorldLII flag 17
United States v Paradise 480 US 149; 94 L Ed 2d 203; 107 SCt 1053 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Feb 1987 WorldLII flag 101
Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Assistance Act of [1987] PL 100-17 United Kingdom circa 1987 Westlaw flag 3
Sheet Metal Workers v EEOC 478 US 421; 92 L Ed 2d 344; 106 SCt 3019; [1986] Yates Sel Cas 355 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1986 WorldLII flag 77
Wygant v Jackson Board of Education 476 US 267; 90 L Ed 2d 260; 106 SCt 1842 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 184
City of Cleburne v Cleburne Living Center 473 US 432; 87 L Ed 2d 313; 105 SCt 3249 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jul 1985 WorldLII flag 573
Kromnick v School District of Philadelphia 739 F2d 894; 19 Ed Law Rep 52; 34 Empl Prac Dec P 34,525; 35 Fair Empl Prac Cas 538 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 17 Jul 1984 WorldLII flag 10
Arizona v Rumsey 467 US 203; 81 L Ed 2d 164; 104 SCt 2305 United States Supreme Court United States 29 May 1984 WorldLII flag 70
Williams v City of New Orleans 729 F2d 1554; 34 Empl Prac Dec P 34,311; 34 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1009 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 23 Apr 1984 WorldLII flag 16
South Florida Chapter of Associated General Contractors of America Inc v Metropolitan Dade County Florida 723 F2d 846; 33 Empl Prac Dec P 34,122 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 22 Mar 1984 WorldLII flag 17
Southland Corporation v Keating 465 US 1; 79 L Ed 2d 1; 104 SCt 852 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1984 WorldLII flag 179
City of Los Angeles v Lyons 461 US 95; 75 L Ed 2d 675; 103 SCt 1660 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1983 WorldLII flag 568
Fullilove v Klutznick 448 US 448; 65 L Ed 2d 902; 100 SCt 2758 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 224
Personnel Administrator of Massachusetts v Feeney 442 US 256; 60 L Ed 2d 870; 99 SCt 2282 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Jun 1979 WorldLII flag 345
Regents of the University of California v Bakke 438 US 265; 57 L Ed 2d 750; 98 SCt 2733 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 382
Monell v Department of Social Services 436 US 658; 56 L Ed 2d 611; 98 SCt 2018; 692-94 Wright 21; 56 L Ed 611 United States Supreme Court United States 6 Jun 1978 WorldLII flag 2346
Continental T v, Inc v GTE Sylvania, Inc 433 US 36; 53 L Ed 2d 568; 97 SCt 2549 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 1977 WorldLII flag 346
Califano v Goldfarb 430 US 199; 51 L Ed 2d 270; 97 SCt 1021 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Mar 1977 WorldLII flag 97
Village of Arlington Heights v Metropolitan Housing Development Corporation 429 US 252; 97 SCt 555; 50 L Ed 2d 450; 50 L Ed 2 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 726
(1977) 1977 Act 91 (1977) 1977 Act 91 United Kingdom circa 1977 flag 2
Washington v Davis 426 US 229; 48 L Ed 2d 597; 44 USLW 4789; 96 SCt 2040 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 684
Hampton v Mow Sun Wong 426 US 88; 48 L Ed 2d 495; 96 SCt 1895 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 151
Buckley v Valeo 424 US 1; 46 L Ed 659; 46 L Ed 2d 659; 96 SCt 612; [1976] Brock 860; 44 USLW 4127 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Feb 1976 WorldLII flag 835
Albemarle Paper Co v Moody 422 US 405; 45 L Ed 2d 280; 95 SCt 2362; [1975] Alexander 415; (1975) 43 USLW 4880 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1975 WorldLII flag 838
Weinberger v Wiesenfeld 420 US 636; 43 L Ed 2d 514; 95 SCt 1225; 643 Gault 387 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Mar 1975 WorldLII flag 171
Morton v Mancari 417 US 535; 41 L Ed 2d 290; 94 SCt 2474 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Jun 1974 WorldLII flag 455
Bridgeport Guardians Inc v Members of Bridgeport Civil Service Commission 482 F2d 1333; 5 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1344 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 28 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 46
Frontiero v Richardson 411 US 677; 36 L Ed 2d 583; 93 SCt 1764; 95 L Ed 884 United States Supreme Court United States 14 May 1973 WorldLII flag 226
San Antonio Independent School District v Rodriguez 411 US 1; 36 L Ed 2d 16; 93 SCt 1278; (1973) 41 USLW 4407 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Apr 1973 WorldLII flag 480
Reed v Reed 404 US 71; 30 L Ed 225; 30 L Ed 2d 225; 92 SCt 251 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Nov 1971 WorldLII flag 228
O'Callahan v Parker (1969) 395 US 258; 23 L Ed 2d 291; 89 SCt 1683 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jun 1969 WorldLII flag 105
Green v County School Board 391 US 430; 20 L Ed 2d 716; 88 SCt 1689 United States Supreme Court United States 27 May 1968 WorldLII flag 422
Loving v Virginia 388 US 1; 18 L Ed 2d 1010; 87 SCt 1817; 18 L Ed 1010 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1967 WorldLII flag 304
United States v Arnold, Schwinn & Co 388 US 365; 18 L Ed 2d 1249; 87 SCt 1856; 18 L Ed 1249; [1967] Idaho 433 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1967 WorldLII flag 171
Katzenbach v Morgan 384 US 641; 16 L Ed 2d 828; 86 SCt 1717 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jun 1966 WorldLII flag 198
Swift & Co v Wickham 382 US 111; 15 L Ed 2d 194; 86 SCt 258 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Nov 1965 WorldLII flag 131
Louisiana v United States 380 US 145; 13 L Ed 2d 709; 85 SCt 817 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Mar 1965 WorldLII flag 136
Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc v United States 379 US 241; 13 L Ed 2d 258; 85 SCt 348 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Dec 1964 WorldLII flag 256
McLaughlin v Florida 379 US 184; 13 L Ed 2d 222; 85 SCt 283 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Dec 1964 WorldLII flag 167
Kesler v Department of Public Safety 369 US 153; 7 L Ed 2d 641; 82 SCt 807 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Mar 1962 WorldLII flag 30
Hoyt v Florida 368 US 57; 7 L Ed 118; 7 L Ed 2d 118; 82 SCt 159 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Nov 1961 WorldLII flag 66
Monroe v Pape 365 US 167; 5 L Ed 492; 5 L Ed 2d 492; 81 SCt 473; 7 Idaho 172-73 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Feb 1961 WorldLII flag 1208
Bolling v Sharpe 347 US 497; 98 L Ed 884; 74 SCt 693 United States Supreme Court United States 17 May 1954 WorldLII flag 573
Goesaert v Cleary 335 US 464; 93 L Ed 163; 69 SCt 198 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Dec 1948 WorldLII flag 59
Shelley v Kraemer 334 US 1; 68 SCt 836; 3 ALR 2d 441; 92 L Ed 1161 United States Supreme Court United States 3 May 1948 WorldLII flag 374
Southern Pacific Co v Arizona 325 US 761; 89 L Ed 1915; 65 SCt 1515; 89 L Ed 2d 1915 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1945 WorldLII flag 143
Korematsu v United States 323 US 214; 89 L Ed 194; 65 SCt 193; 89 L Ed 2d 194 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Feb 1945 WorldLII flag 242
Hirabayashi v United States 320 US 81; 87 L Ed 2d 1774; 87 L Ed 1774; 63 SCt 1375 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jun 1943 WorldLII flag 436
Detroit Bank v United States 317 US 329; 87 L Ed 304; 63 SCt 297 United States Supreme Court United States 4 Jan 1943 WorldLII flag 44
Helvering v Lerner Stores Corporation 314 US 463; 86 L Ed 343; 62 SCt 341 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Dec 1941 WorldLII flag 11
Helvering v Hallock 309 US 106; 84 L Ed 604; 60 SCt 444 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jan 1940 WorldLII flag 104
United States v Carolene Products Co 304 US 144; 82 L Ed 1234; 58 SCt 778 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Apr 1938 WorldLII flag 316
La Belle Iron Works v United States 256 US 377; 65 L Ed 998; 41 SCt 528 United States Supreme Court United States 16 May 1921 WorldLII flag 38
United States v Detroit Timber & Lumber Co 200 US 322; 200 US 321; 50 L Ed 499; 26 SCt 282 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Feb 1906 WorldLII flag 561
Plessy v Ferguson 163 US 537; 41 L Ed 256; 16 SCt 1138 United States Supreme Court United States 18 May 1896 WorldLII flag 265
Gibson v Mississippi 162 US 579; 162 US 565; 40 L Ed 1075; 16 SCt 904 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Apr 1896 WorldLII flag 78
Autek Systems Corporation v United States 835 FSupp 13 United States Westlaw flag 1
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Skinner 790 FSupp 240 United States Westlaw flag 3
Smith v Stoneking 489 US 1062; 103 L Ed 2d 804; 109 SCt 1333 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 16
469 US 1107 469 US 1107; 105 SCt 782; 83 L Ed 2d 777 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 21
469 US 871 469 US 871; 105 SCt 220; 83 L Ed 2d 150; [1984] Adams 739 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 82
350 US 985; 76 SCt 472; 100 l Ed 852 350 US 985; 76 SCt 472; 100 L Ed 852 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 7
350 US 891; 76 SCt 151; 100 l Ed 784 350 US 891; 76 SCt 151; 100 L Ed 784 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 13
Naim v Naim 197 Va 734; 90 SE2d 849 United States - Virginia flag 4
129 l Ed 2d 936 129 L Ed 2d 936; 115 SCt 41 United States LexisNexis flag 4
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC: Two Concepts of Equality 104 Harvard Law Review 107 Harvard Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
"When Victims Happen to Be Black" 97 Yale Law Journal 420 Yale Law Journal United States HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 2
"Fullilove" 96 Yale Law Journal 453 Yale Law Journal United States HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 5
Naim v Naim 87 SE2d 749; 197 Va 80 United States flag 5
86 l Ed 482 86 L Ed 482 United States Supreme Court United States LexisNexis flag 1
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC: Requiem for a Heavyweight 69 Texas Law Review 125 Texas Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
55 North Carolina Law Review 541 55 North Carolina Law Review 541 North Carolina Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 2
"Sex Discrimination by Law: a Study in Judicial Perspective" 46 New York University Law Review 675 New York University Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 5
43 f3d 712 43 F3d 712 United States Westlaw flag 4
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v Federal Communications Commission 17 Thurgood Marshall Law Review 317 Thurgood Marshall Law Review United States HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
Metro Broadcasting v FCC: The Solution Almost Nobody Wanted 59 University of Missouri at Kansas City Law Review 293

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