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Regents of the University of California v Bakke   flag  382

438 US 265; 57 L Ed 2d 750; 98 SCt 2733
United States Supreme Court
United States
28th June, 1978

Cases Referring to this Case

Case Name Citation(s) †  Court Jurisdiction Date Full Text Citation Index
South African Police Service v Solidarity obo Barnard [2014] ZACC 23; 2014 6 SA 123 Constitutional Court of South Africa South Africa 2 Sep 2014 SAFLII flag 39
Watts v Australian Postal Corporation [2014] FCA 370; (2014) 222 FCR 220; (2014) 311 ALR 680; (2014) 242 IR 405 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 11 Apr 2014 AustLII flag 17
Sievwright v Victoria [2013] FCA 964 Federal Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 24 Sep 2013 AustLII flag 5
Tarantino v Italy - 25851/09 29284/09 64090/09 - Hejud [2013] ECHR 255 European Court of Human Rights Europe 2 Apr 2013 BAILII flag 1
"Appendix 4 - List of Leading Cases of United States Supreme Court" [2011] NLUDLRS 9 Editors India circa 2011 LIIofIndia flag
Antonio M Serrano v Gallant Maritime Services, Inc , [2009] PHSC 291 Supreme Court of the Philippines Philippines 24 Mar 2009 AsianLII flag
Williams, Monet v Wendler, William [2008] USCA7 272 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 23 Jun 2008 WorldLII flag
Ashoka Kumar Thakur v Union of India [2008] INSC 616 Supreme Court of India India 10 Apr 2008 LIIofIndia flag
Ashoka Kumar Thakur v Union of India & Others [2008] INSC 615 Supreme Court of India India 10 Apr 2008 LIIofIndia flag
Ashoka Kumar Thakur v Union of India [2008] INSC 614 Supreme Court of India India 10 Apr 2008 LIIofIndia flag
Asociacin De Educacin Privada De Puerto Rico Inc v Garca-Padilla 490 F3d 1 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 11 Apr 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Opala v M Watt 454 F3d 1154 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 21 Jul 2006 WorldLII flag
United States v Carrizales-Toledo 454 F3d 1142 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 20 Jul 2006 WorldLII flag 4
Doe v Kamehameha Schools 470 F3d 827 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 5 Dec 2006 WorldLII flag 1
Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action v Granholm a 473 F3d 237 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 29 Dec 2006 WorldLII flag 3
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 426 F3d 1162 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Oct 2005 WorldLII flag 9
Doe v Kamehameha Schools/bernice Pauahi Bishop Estate 416 F3d 1025 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 Aug 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Lac Du Flambeau Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians v Norton 422 F3d 490 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 1 Sep 2005 WorldLII flag 1
Hosty v Carter 412 F3d 731 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 20 Jun 2005 WorldLII flag 9
LeClerc v Webb 419 F3d 405 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Jul 2005 WorldLII flag 4
Cavalier Cavalier v Caddo Parish School Board 403 F3d 246 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Mar 2005 WorldLII flag 2
Colorado Environmental Coalition v Wenker 353 F3d 1221 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 7 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 4
Smith v University of Washington 392 F3d 367 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 20 Dec 2004 WorldLII flag 2
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 377 F3d 949 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 27 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag 6
Walker v H Gomez 370 F3d 969 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 7 Jun 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Ball v Union Carbide Corporation 385 F3d 713 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 30 Sep 2004 WorldLII flag 4
Ball v Union Carbide Corporation 376 F3d 554 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 15 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag
Allen v Lee 366 F3d 319 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 28 Apr 2004 WorldLII flag 13
Planned Parenthood of South Carolina Incorporated v B Rose E S 361 F3d 786 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 22 Mar 2004 WorldLII flag 10
Three Rivers Center for Independent Living Inc 382 F3d 412 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 30 Aug 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Landell v H Sorrell 382 F3d 91 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 18 Aug 2004 WorldLII flag 3
Asociacin De Educacin Privada De Puerto Rico Inc v A Echevarra-Vargas 385 F3d 81 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 5 Oct 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Anderson Dowd v City of Boston 375 F3d 71 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 12 Jul 2004 WorldLII flag 4
Grutter v Bollinger 539 US 306; 123 SCt 2325; 156 L Ed 2d 304; 177 Ed Law Rep 801 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 129
Gratz v Bollinger 539 US 244; 123 SCt 2411; 156 L Ed 2d 257; 177 Ed Law Rep 851 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jun 2003 WorldLII flag 52
Hulen v Yates D 322 F3d 1229 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 4 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 9
Johnson v California 321 F3d 791 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 25 Feb 2003 WorldLII flag 6
Peters v Jenney 327 F3d 307 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 22 Apr 2003 WorldLII flag 13
Quinn v City of Boston 325 F3d 18 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 27 Mar 2003 WorldLII flag 3
Purvis v New South Wales [2003] HCA 62; (2003) 217 CLR 92; (2003) 202 ALR 133; (2003) 78 ALJR 1; (2003) 77 ALD 570; [2004] EOC 93-305 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 11 Nov 2003 AustLII flag 539
Rudebusch v Hughes [2002] USCA9 895 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Dec 2002 WorldLII flag
Scott v Pasadena Unified School District 306 F3d 646 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Sep 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Community Schools v Seattle School District No 285 F3d 1236 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 26 Apr 2002 WorldLII flag 5
Moran v Clarke 296 F3d 638 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 5 Jul 2002 WorldLII flag 39
Grutter v Bollinger 288 F3d 732; 164 Ed Law Rep 610 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 14 May 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Encore Videos Inc v City of San Antonio 310 F3d 812 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Oct 2002 WorldLII flag 2
Friends for Ferrell Parkway Llc v P Stasko D 282 F3d 315 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 28 Feb 2002 WorldLII flag 4
Pryor v National Collegiate Athletic Association 288 F3d 548 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 6 May 2002 WorldLII flag 8
Patrolmen's Benevolent Association of the City of New York v The City of New York J a 310 F3d 43 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 17 Oct 2002 WorldLII flag 7
United States of America, Appellee, v Lemrick Nelson, JR and Charles Price, Also Known As Bald Black Man, Defendants-Appellants 277 F3d 164 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 7 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 11
Tma Pai Foundation v Karnataka [2002] INSC 495 Supreme Court of India India 25 Nov 2002 LIIofIndia flag
Shaw v Murphy 532 US 223; 149 L Ed 2d 420; 121 SCt 1475 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Apr 2001 WorldLII flag 23
Johnson v Bd of Regents 263 F3d 1234 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 27 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 27
Bass v Bd of County Comm'rs 256 F3d 1095 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 9 Jul 2001 WorldLII flag 22
Michael Wooden, Terry Bratcher, Dr , , Plaintiffs-Appellants, v Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia, Stephen R Portch, Dr , , Defendants-Appellees, Georgia State Conference Naacp, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, , Intervenor-Defendants- Appellees 247 F3d 1262 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 19 Apr 2001 WorldLII flag 28
United States, Appellee, v Mario Saavedra, Defendant, Appellant 250 F3d 60 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 21 Feb 2001 WorldLII flag 1
BB , Plaintiffs-Appellants, v Madison Metropolitan School District, John Burmaster, Nancy Zabel, Laura Mueller, Sue Perry, Annie Keith, Robert Weisner, Sue Berthouex, and Shelly Cosgrove, Defendants-Appellees 259 F3d 807 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 2 Aug 2001 WorldLII flag 4
Lee Yeager, Plaintiff-Appellant, v General Motors Corporation, Defendant-Appellee 265 F3d 389 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 7 Sep 2001 WorldLII flag 4
Barbara Grutter, for Herself and All Others Similarly Situated, Plaintiff-Appellee, v Lee Bollinger; Jeffrey Lehman; Dennis Shields; University of Michigan, Board of Regents, Defendants-Appellants 247 F3d 631 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 5 Apr 2001 WorldLII flag 4
Belk v Charlotte-Mecklenburg Bd of Educ 269 F3d 305 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 21 Sep 2001 WorldLII flag 9
DC , New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection; Robert C Shinn, JR , Appellants 274 F3d 771 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 17 Dec 2001 WorldLII flag 12
Robert a Brown, v Angelo Armenti, JR; California University of Pennsylvania; Barbara a Armenti; Curtis C Smith; Delores l Rozzi; Haywood l Perry; Bonita a Kline; Beth Baxter; James H McCormick; CBS Corporation Kdka-TV; Westinghouse Broadcasting Co Kdka-TV; Westinghouse CBS Holding Co, Inc Kdka-TV; CBS Broadcasting Inc , Aka Kdka-TV; Paul Martino; Charles D Foust; Gerald f Kelley; Karen D Lum; Linda J McClellan; Dean Weber; Carleen C Zoni; Judy Ansill; William f Barry; Frank Deluca; Carmine Durzo; Annette Ganassi; Paul Lemmon; Edward M Paulso; Steven Stout; John K Thornburgh; Aaron Walton; Robert Wetzel; Foundation for California University of Pennsylvania Angelo Armenti, JR , Appellant United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 17 Apr 2001 WorldLII flag
Smith v Univ of Wash Law Sch 233 F3d 1188 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 4 Dec 2000 WorldLII flag 20
Hopwood v Texas 236 F3d 256 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 21 Dec 2000 WorldLII flag 9
Urofsky v Gilmore 216 F3d 401 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 23 Jun 2000 WorldLII flag 13
Laurie A Brewer, and Jodie Foster, individually and as parents and guardians of Jessica L Haak, a minor, Plaintiffs-Appellees, v The West Irondequoit Central School District, The Urban-Suburban Interdistrict Transfer Program, Monroe Number One Board Of Cooperative Educational Services, Theresa J Woodson, Gretchen Stephan and Marlene S Allen, in their individual and official capacities, Defendants-Appellants United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 11 May 2000 WorldLII flag
"The 'best qualified' - for what? The place of affirmative action in a mission-focused New Zealand law school admissions policy" [2000] NZYbkNZJur 5 MacKinnon, Ken Australia circa 2000 NZLII flag
Sandoval v Hagan 197 F3d 484 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 30 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 19
Plaintiff-Appellant, v the Regents of the University of California, and Theodore R Mitchell, Defendants-Appellees 190 F3d 1061 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 9 Sep 1999 WorldLII flag 8
Paul Hill, Plaintiff-Appellant, v Howard L Ross, , Defendants-Appellees 183 F3d 586 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 23 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 5
Eisenberg v Montgomery County Pub Schs 197 F3d 123 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 Nov 1999 WorldLII flag 9
Amos v Maryland Dep't of Pub Safety & Correctional Servs 178 F3d 212 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 24 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 13
Hayden v County of Nassau 180 F3d 42 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 9 Jun 1999 WorldLII flag 17
Buchwald v University of New Mexico School of Medicine 159 F3d 487; 130 Ed Law Rep 428 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 20 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 12
Byers v City of Albuquerque 150 F3d 1271 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 29 Jul 1998 WorldLII flag 36
Woods v Wright Institute 141 F3d 1183 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 24 Mar 1998 WorldLII flag 2
McNamara v City of Chicago 138 F3d 1219 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 21 Apr 1998 WorldLII flag 31
Lesage v Texas 158 F3d 213; 130 Ed Law Rep 37 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 13 Oct 1998 WorldLII flag 5
Edwards v California University of Pennsylvania 156 F3d 488; 129 Ed Law Rep 622; 74 Empl Prac Dec P 45,534 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 10 Aug 1998 WorldLII flag 10
Wessmann v Gittens 160 F3d 790; 130 Ed Law Rep 1009 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 19 Nov 1998 WorldLII flag 25
Matadeen v Pointu [1998] UKPC 9; [1999] 1 AC 98; [1998] 3 WLR 18 Privy Council United Kingdom 18 Feb 1998 BAILII flag 90
Dynalantic Corporation v Department of Defense 115 F3d 1012; 325 USApp DC 109 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 10 Jun 1997 WorldLII flag 6
Directv, Inc v FCC 110 F3d 816; 65 USLW 2711; 324 USApp DC 72 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 18 Apr 1997 WorldLII flag 20
Duffy v Wolle 123 F3d 1026 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 29 Oct 1997 WorldLII flag 26
Burnham v Ianni 119 F3d 668; 120 Ed Law Rep 124 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 11 Jul 1997 WorldLII flag 20
Stephens v Kerrigan 122 F3d 171 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 12 Aug 1997 WorldLII flag 5
Bush v Vera 517 US 952; 135 L Ed 2d 248; 116 SCt 1941 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jun 1996 WorldLII flag 51
Grahek v City of St Paul Minnesota 84 F3d 296 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 23 May 1996 WorldLII flag 2
Middleton v City of Flint Michigan 92 F3d 396 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 28 Oct 1996 WorldLII flag 5
Nixon v Kent County 76 F3d 1381; 64 USLW 2485 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 2 Feb 1996 WorldLII flag 15
Police Association of New Orleans Through Its President Ronald Cannatella v City of New Orleans 100 F3d 1159 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 9 Dec 1996 WorldLII flag 4
Hopwood v Texas 78 F3d 932; 107 Ed Law Rep 552; 64 USLW 2591 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 4 Apr 1996 WorldLII flag 36
Price v City of Charlotte 93 F3d 1241 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 3 Sep 1996 WorldLII flag 41
Taxman v Board of Education of Township of Piscataway Taxman 91 F3d 1547 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 21 Aug 1996 WorldLII flag 13
Cohen v Brown University 101 F3d 155; 45 Fed REvid Serv 1369; 114 Ed Law Rep 394; 65 USLW 2396 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 21 Nov 1996 WorldLII flag 23
Miller v Johnson 515 US 900; 132 L Ed 2d 762; 115 SCt 2475 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 82
Adarand Constructors, Inc v Pena 515 US 200; 132 L Ed 2d 158; 115 SCt 2097 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1995 WorldLII flag 241
Clajon Prod Corporation v Petera 70 F3d 1566; 64 USLW 2341 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 20 Nov 1995 WorldLII flag 17
Williams v Lambert 46 F3d 1275 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 1 Feb 1995 WorldLII flag 11
Ensley Branch, NAACP v Seibels 31 F3d 1548; 65 Empl Prac Dec P 43,432 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 25 Aug 1994 WorldLII flag 29
Peightal v Metropolitan Dade County 26 F3d 1545 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 29 Jul 1994 WorldLII flag 16
Birmingham Reverse Discrimination Employment Litigation Bennett v Arrington 20 F3d 1525 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 4 May 1994 WorldLII flag 17
Jeldness v B Pearce 30 F3d 1220; 93 Ed Law Rep 146; 63 USLW 2090 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Jul 1994 WorldLII flag 10
Aiken v City of Memphis 37 F3d 1155 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 6 Oct 1994 WorldLII flag 14
United States v Harvey 16 F3d 109; [1994] FED App 43P United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 5 May 1994 WorldLII flag 11
Mardell v Harleysville Life Ins Co 31 F3d 1221 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 2 Aug 1994 WorldLII flag 18
Pemberthy v L Beyer J Moncada 19 F3d 857; 62 USLW 2601 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 6 May 1994 WorldLII flag 13
Comer v Cisneros 37 F3d 775; 30 Fed RServ3d 362 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 26 Aug 1994 WorldLII flag 33
Shaw v Reno 509 US 630; 125 L Ed 2d 511; 113 SCt 2816 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 122
Northeastern Fla Chapter, Associated Gen Contractors of America v Jacksonville 508 US 656; 124 L Ed 2d 586; 113 SCt 2297 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 165
Cone Corporation 983 F2d 197; 61 USLW 2509; 60 Empl Prac Dec P 42,055 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 8 Feb 1993 WorldLII flag 2
Baker v Board of Regents 991 F2d 628; 82 Ed Law Rep 337 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 12 Apr 1993 WorldLII flag 32
Murphy v J Derwinski 990 F2d 540 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 1 Apr 1993 WorldLII flag 6
Groover v County of San Diego Sheriff's Department [1993] USCA9 1842 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 14 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag
Homola v Southern Illinois University at Carbondale School of Law 14 F3d 604 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 20 Dec 1993 WorldLII flag
Triad Associates, Inc v Robinson 10 F3d 492 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 24 Nov 1993 WorldLII flag 24
Harp Advertising Illinois Inc v Village of Chicago Ridge Illinois 9 F3d 1290 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 19 Nov 1993 WorldLII flag 9
Billish v City of Chicago 989 F2d 890 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 29 Mar 1993 WorldLII flag 15
Brunet v City of Columbus 1 F3d 390; 62 Empl Prac Dec P 42,479 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 4 Oct 1993 WorldLII flag 12
United States v Louisiana 9 F3d 1159; 87 Ed Law Rep 361 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 10 Dec 1993 WorldLII flag 2
Moore v US Department of Agriculture Farmers Home Administration 993 F2d 1222 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 30 Jun 1993 WorldLII flag 4
Hayes v North State Law Enforcement Officers Ass'n 10 F3d 207 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 27 Oct 1993 WorldLII flag 20
Maryland Troopers Association Incorporated Tfc v M Evans 993 F2d 1072 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 6 May 1993 WorldLII flag 9
United States v Brown Univ 5 F3d 658; 62 USLW 2170 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 17 Sep 1993 WorldLII flag 20
United States v Fordice 505 US 717; 120 L Ed 2d 575; 112 SCt 2727 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Jun 1992 WorldLII flag 40
Jacobs v P Barr 959 F2d 313; 294 USApp DC 367 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 27 Mar 1992 WorldLII flag 5
Wallace v Dunn Construction Co Inc 968 F2d 1174 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 17 Aug 1992 WorldLII flag 10
Officers for Justice v Civil Serv Comm'n 979 F2d 721 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 5 Nov 1992 WorldLII flag 65
Billish v City of Chicago T Chicago Fire Fighters Union Local 962 F2d 1269 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 8 Jul 1992 WorldLII flag 1
Ross v Creighton University 957 F2d 410; 73 Ed Law Rep 352 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 2 Mar 1992 WorldLII flag 7
United Black Firefighters Ass'n v City of Akron 976 F2d 999 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 29 Dec 1992 WorldLII flag 7
Jacobson 961 F2d 100 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 31 Mar 1992 WorldLII flag 1
Podberesky v E Kirwan Naacp 60 USLW 2506 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 31 Jan 1992 WorldLII flag 7
Podberesky v E Kirwan Naacp 60 USLW 2506 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 31 Jan 1992 WorldLII flag 7
Carroll v M Blinken 957 F2d 991; 73 Ed Law Rep 376; 60 USLW 2554 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 13 Feb 1992 WorldLII flag 7
Albuquerque Indian Rights v Lujan 930 F2d 49; 289 USApp DC 164; 56 Empl Prac Dec P 40,701 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 12 Apr 1991 WorldLII flag 11
Johnson v Martin 940 F2d 1394; 120 Lab Cas 56,782; 6 IER Cases 1329; 60 USLW 2236; 57 Empl Prac Dec P 41,031; 56 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1218 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 4 Sep 1991 WorldLII flag 10
Roque-Rodriguez v Lema Moya 920 F2d 752; 65 Ed Law Rep 1082; 18 Fed RServ3d 1279; 55 Empl Prac Dec P 40,564 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 7 Jan 1991 WorldLII flag 11
Miles v Denver Public Schools 944 F2d 773; 69 Ed Law Rep 1060 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 11 Sep 1991 WorldLII flag 15
Nor-West Cable Communications Partnership v City of St Paul 924 F2d 741 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 25 Jan 1991 WorldLII flag 4
Newark Branch National Association for the Advancement of Colored People 940 F2d 792; 56 Empl Prac Dec P 40,906; 69 Ed Law Rep 214; 60 USLW 2096; 56 Fair Empl Prac Cas 680 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 19 Jul 1991 WorldLII flag 13
Stuart v Roache 951 F2d 446 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 23 Dec 1991 WorldLII flag 19
Villanueva v Wellesley College 930 F2d 124; 56 Empl Prac Dec P 40,723; 67 Ed Law Rep 64; 55 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1058; 59 USLW 2726 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 19 Apr 1991 WorldLII flag 19
Ramupillai v Festus Perera - SLR - 11, Vol 1 of 1991 [1991] LKSC 29; (1991) 1 Sri LR 11 Sri Lankan Supreme Court Sri Lanka 7 Jan 1991 AsianLII flag 5
Metro Broadcasting, Inc v FCC 497 US 547; 111 L Ed 2d 445; 110 SCt 2997 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1990 WorldLII flag 85
University of Pennsylvania v EEOC 493 US 182; 107 L Ed 2d 571; 110 SCt 577 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Jan 1990 WorldLII flag 64
Coalition for the Preservation of Hispanic Broadcasting v FCC 893 F2d 1349; 282 USApp DC 200 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 27 Mar 1990 WorldLII flag 4
Cunico v Pueblo School District 917 F2d 431; 63 Ed Law Rep 713; 54 Empl Prac Dec P 40,335; 54 Fair Empl Prac Cas 88 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 19 Oct 1990 WorldLII flag 24
Brown v Board of Education of Topeka Shawnee County Kansas 892 F2d 851; 57 Ed Law Rep 1167 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 29 Jan 1990 WorldLII flag 6
United States v Austin 902 F2d 743 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 2 May 1990 WorldLII flag 8
Auriemma v Rice 910 F2d 1449; 59 USLW 2160; 54 Empl Prac Dec P 40,154; 53 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1276 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 20 Aug 1990 WorldLII flag 41
Blue v United States Department of Army O US Harris 914 F2d 525; 17 Fed RServ3d 737; 54 Empl Prac Dec P 40,260 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 12 Oct 1990 WorldLII flag 28
McKinney v University of Guelph [1990] 3 SCR 229 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 6 Dec 1990 Supreme Court of Canada flag 65
City of Richmond v JA Croson Co 488 US 469; 102 L Ed 2d 854; 109 SCt 706 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1989 WorldLII flag 251
Cc Distributors Inc v United States [1989] USCADC 280 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 22 Aug 1989 WorldLII flag
Women's Equity Action League v F Cavazos 879 F2d 880; 55 Ed Law Rep 35; 279 USApp DC 34 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 7 Jul 1989 WorldLII flag 6
Shurberg Broadcasting of Hartford, Inc v FCC 876 F2d 902; 278 USApp DC 24; 57 USLW 2571 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 16 Jun 1989 WorldLII flag 10
Pitts v Thornburgh 866 F2d 1450; 275 USApp DC 332 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 31 Jan 1989 WorldLII flag 15
Howard v L McLucas American Federation of Government Employees 871 F2d 1000; 50 Empl Prac Dec P 38,970; 56 Fair Empl Prac Cas 387 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 2 Jun 1989 WorldLII flag 16
United States v Borrero-Isaza 887 F2d 1349; 58 USLW 2316 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 19 Oct 1989 WorldLII flag 29
Watkins v United States Army 875 F2d 699; 57 USLW 2662; 50 Empl Prac Dec P 38,967; 49 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1763 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 3 May 1989 WorldLII flag 64
Roberts v B Wamser 883 F2d 617; 51 Empl Prac Dec P 39,255; 58 USLW 2137; 112 Lab Cas 35,251 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 14 Nov 1989 WorldLII flag 2
Neighborhood Action Coalition v City of Canton Ohio 882 F2d 1012 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 27 Jul 1989 WorldLII flag 3
Parate v I Isibor 868 F2d 821; 52 Ed Law Rep 47 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 16 Mar 1989 WorldLII flag 17
National Wildlife Fed'n v Hodel 839 F2d 694 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 29 Jan 1988 WorldLII flag 42
Bullfrog Films Inc v Z Wick 847 F2d 502; 56 USLW 2670 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 17 May 1988 WorldLII flag 18
Watkins v United States Army 837 F2d 1428; 56 USLW 2470; 45 Empl Prac Dec P 37,753; 46 Fair Empl Prac Cas 16 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 10 Feb 1988 WorldLII flag 5
Muhammad v Carlson US Ca S E Md 845 F2d 175; 56 USLW 2680 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 21 Jul 1988 WorldLII flag 5
Jaimes v Lucas Metropolitan Housing Authority B Hud 833 F2d 1203 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 3 Feb 1988 WorldLII flag 2
Allandale Neighborhood Association v Austin Transportation Study Policy Advisory Committee 840 F2d 258 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 22 Mar 1988 WorldLII flag 2
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v University of Pennsylvania Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania 850 F2d 969; 47 Ed Law Rep 836; 12 Fed RServ3d 495; 57 USLW 2019; 46 Empl Prac Dec P 38,061; 47 Fair Empl Prac Cas 189 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 26 Aug 1988 WorldLII flag 5
Wilder v Bernstein 848 F2d 1338; 56 USLW 2725 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 8 Jun 1988 WorldLII flag 8
International Union United Mine Workers of America v Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission 840 F2d 77; 268 USApp DC 197; 56 USLW 2504 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States - District of Columbia 1 Mar 1988 WorldLII flag 6
International Union United Mine Workers of America v Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission 840 F2d 77; 268 USApp DC 197; 56 USLW 2504 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 1 Mar 1988 WorldLII flag 6
McCleskey v Kemp 481 US 279; 95 L Ed 2d 262; 107 SCt 1756 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Jun 1987 WorldLII flag 267
Johnson v Transportation Agency 480 US 616; 94 L Ed 2d 615; 107 SCt 1442 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Mar 1987 WorldLII flag 115
United States v Paradise 480 US 149; 94 L Ed 2d 203; 107 SCt 1053 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Feb 1987 WorldLII flag 101
Ledoux v District of Columbia J Greene 820 F2d 1293; 261 USApp DC 114; 43 Empl Prac Dec P 37,140; 43 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1880 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 16 Jun 1987 WorldLII flag 3
Hammon v S Barry Dc Byrne 813 F2d 412; 259 USApp DC 50; 42 Empl Prac Dec P 36,804; 43 Fair Empl Prac Cas 89; 55 USLW 2473 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 27 Feb 1987 WorldLII flag 5
Hk Porter Co Inc v Metropolitan Dade County 825 F2d 324; 44 Empl Prac Dec P 37,363 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 24 Aug 1987 WorldLII flag 4
Carey v United States Postal Service 812 F2d 621; 43 Empl Prac Dec P 37,106; 43 Fair Empl Prac Cas 156 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 23 Feb 1987 WorldLII flag 30
Michigan Road Builders Association Inc v G Milliken 832 F2d 1150; 56 USLW 2315; 46 Empl Prac Dec P 37,874 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 23 Feb 1988 WorldLII flag 2
Associated General Contractors of California Inc v City and County of San Francisco 813 F2d 922; 55 USLW 2547; 42 Empl Prac Dec P 36,894 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 23 Mar 1987 WorldLII flag 17
Villa Garcia v Merrill Lynch Pierce Fenner and Smith Incorporated 833 F2d 545 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 7 Dec 1987 WorldLII flag 4
North Carolina Department of Transportation v Crest Street Community Council, Inc 479 US 6; 93 L Ed 2d 188; 107 SCt 336 United States Supreme Court United States 4 Nov 1986 WorldLII flag 26
Sheet Metal Workers v EEOC 478 US 421; 92 L Ed 2d 344; 106 SCt 3019; [1986] Yates Sel Cas 355 United States Supreme Court United States - New York 2 Jul 1986 WorldLII flag 77
Wygant v Jackson Board of Education 476 US 267; 90 L Ed 2d 260; 106 SCt 1842 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 184
United States v Alabama 791 F2d 1450; 32 Ed Law Rep 899 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 10 Jul 1986 WorldLII flag 24
Howard v L McLucas American Federation of Government Employees 782 F2d 956; 3 Fed RServ3d 1533; 54 USLW 2447; 39 Empl Prac Dec P 36,029; 40 Fair Empl Prac Cas 255 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 20 Feb 1986 WorldLII flag 12
Larry Lucille P v Riles P 793 F2d 969 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 25 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 15
Samayoa Samayoa v Chicago Board of Education 807 F2d 643; 38 Ed Law Rep 36 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 10 Dec 1986 WorldLII flag 1
Foster v Center Township of County 798 F2d 237; 5 Fed RServ3d 982 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 13 Aug 1986 WorldLII flag 16
Riddick v The School Board of the Cith of Norfolk 782 F2d 438; [1986] AMC 1217; 30 Ed Law Rep 1075; 54 USLW 2428 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 Mar 1986 WorldLII flag 3
Lovelace v Southeastern Massachusetts University 793 F2d 419; 33 Ed Law Rep 72 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 16 Jun 1986 WorldLII flag 12
Regents of the University of Michigan v Ewing 474 US 214; 88 L Ed 2d 523; 106 SCt 507; [1985] Moore 431 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Dec 1985 WorldLII flag 164
City of Cleburne v Cleburne Living Center 473 US 432; 87 L Ed 2d 313; 105 SCt 3249 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jul 1985 WorldLII flag 573
Bushey v New York State Civil Service Commission 469 US 1117; 83 L Ed 2d 795; 105 SCt 803 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Feb 1985 WorldLII flag 9
Alexander v Choate 469 US 287; 83 L Ed 2d 661; 105 SCt 712 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Jan 1985 WorldLII flag 170
Steele v FCC 770 F2d 1192; 54 USLW 2145; 248 USApp DC 279 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 31 Oct 1985 WorldLII flag 4
Quincy Cable Tv Inc v Federal Communications Commission 768 F2d 1434; 12 Media LRep 1001; 54 USLW 2076; 248 USApp DC 1 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 19 Jul 1985 WorldLII flag 23
Paradise v Prescott Ve 767 F2d 1514; 37 Empl Prac Dec P 35,484; 38 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1094 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 12 Aug 1985 WorldLII flag 7
Britton v South Bend Community School Corporation 775 F2d 794; 28 Ed Law Rep 92; 54 USLW 2235; 38 Empl Prac Dec P 35,679; 39 Fair Empl Prac Cas 170 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 21 Oct 1985 WorldLII flag 1
Johnson v Heckler 769 F2d 1202; 54 USLW 2106 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 30 Jul 1985 WorldLII flag 27
National Labor Relations Board v Lewis University 765 F2d 616; 25 Ed Law Rep 1085; 103 Lab Cas 11,535 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 17 Jun 1985 WorldLII flag 6
Piarowski v Illinois Community College District 759 F2d 625; 24 Ed Law Rep 46 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 10 May 1985 WorldLII flag 22
Blalock v Metals Trades Inc 775 F2d 703; 54 USLW 2260; 38 Empl Prac Dec P 35,645; 39 Fair Empl Prac Cas 140 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 24 Oct 1985 WorldLII flag 35
Lafonaz Washington v Michigan Department of Education [1985] USCA6 190 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 13 Feb 1985 WorldLII flag
Stern v Tarrant County Hospital District 778 F2d 1052; 54 USLW 2337 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 18 Dec 1985 WorldLII flag 26
Ja Croson Co v City of Richmond Ja Croson Co 779 F2d 181; 38 Empl Prac Dec P 35,760; 54 USLW 2356 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 25 Nov 1985 WorldLII flag 5
American Future Systems Inc v Pennsylvania State University W M 752 F2d 854; 22 Ed Law Rep 716; 53 USLW 2350 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 6 Feb 1985 WorldLII flag 6
Kumar v Board of Trustees University of Massachusetts Kumar 774 F2d 1; 38 Empl Prac Dec P 35,533; 27 Ed Law Rep 1051; 38 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1734; 54 USLW 2231 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 30 Sep 1985 WorldLII flag 10
Cia Petrolera Caribe Inc v Arco Caribbean Inc [1985] USCA1 42 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 6 Feb 1985 WorldLII flag
Gerhardy v Brown [1985] HCA 11; (1985) 159 CLR 70; 57 ALR 472; (1985) 59 ALJR 311; [1985] EOC 92-123 High Court of Australia Australia - Commonwealth 28 Feb 1985 AustLII flag 333
Berkemer v McCarty 468 US 420; 82 L Ed 2d 317; 104 SCt 3138; [1984] Thompson 516 United States Supreme Court United States - Tennessee 2 Jul 1984 WorldLII flag 369
Firefighters v Stotts 467 US 561; 81 L Ed 2d 483; 104 SCt 2576 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1984 WorldLII flag 136
Hishon v King & Spalding 467 US 69; 81 L Ed 2d 59; 104 SCt 2229 United States Supreme Court United States 22 May 1984 WorldLII flag 392
Minnesota State Bd for Community Colleges v Knight 465 US 271; 79 L Ed 2d 299; 104 SCt 1058 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Feb 1984 WorldLII flag 22
Segar v Smith 738 F2d 1249; 238 USApp DC 103; 34 Empl Prac Dec P 34,488; 35 Fair Empl Prac Cas 31 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 26 Jun 1984 WorldLII flag 64
West Michigan Broadcasting Co v FCC 735 F2d 601; 236 USApp DC 335 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 13 Jun 1984 WorldLII flag 8
West Virginia Association of Community Health Centers Inc v M Heckler 734 F2d 1570; 236 USApp DC 287 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 18 May 1984 WorldLII flag 13
Palmer v District Board of Trustees of St Petersburg Junior College 748 F2d 595; 21 Ed Law Rep 472; 35 Empl Prac Dec P 34,820; 36 Fair Empl Prac Cas 778 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 12 Dec 1984 WorldLII flag 7
South Florida Chapter of Associated General Contractors of America Inc v Metropolitan Dade County Florida 723 F2d 846; 33 Empl Prac Dec P 34,122 United States Court of Appeals, Eleventh Circuit United States 22 Mar 1984 WorldLII flag 17
Preston v Heckler 734 F2d 1359; 34 Empl Prac Dec P 34,433 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 7 Jun 1984 WorldLII flag 16
Janowiak v Corporate City of South Bend M 750 F2d 557; 53 USLW 2311; 35 Empl Prac Dec P 34,806; 36 Fair Empl Prac Cas 737 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 6 Dec 1984 WorldLII flag 12
Wygant v Jackson Board of Education Jackson Michigan F 746 F2d 1152; 20 Ed Law Rep 1124; 53 USLW 2236; 35 Empl Prac Dec P 34,729; 36 Fair Empl Prac Cas 153 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 25 Oct 1984 WorldLII flag 14
United States v Baylor University Medical Center 736 F2d 1039 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 19 Jul 1984 WorldLII flag 6
Williams v City of New Orleans 729 F2d 1554; 34 Empl Prac Dec P 34,311; 34 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1009 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 23 Apr 1984 WorldLII flag 16
Kromnick v School District of Philadelphia 739 F2d 894; 19 Ed Law Rep 52; 34 Empl Prac Dec P 34,525; 35 Fair Empl Prac Cas 538 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 17 Jul 1984 WorldLII flag 10
Winkes v Brown University 747 F2d 792; 36 Fair Empl Prac Cas 120 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 26 Oct 1984 WorldLII flag 3
Burney v City of Pawtucket 728 F2d 547; 33 Empl Prac Dec P 34,164; 34 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1295 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 14 Mar 1984 WorldLII flag 3
Guardians Ass'n v Civil Serv Comm'n 463 US 582; 77 L Ed 2d 866; 103 SCt 3221 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jul 1983 WorldLII flag 121
International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union v Donovan 722 F2d 795 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 29 Nov 1983 WorldLII flag 55
Conair Corporation v NLRB 721 F2d 1355; 99 Lab Cas 10,741; 232 USApp DC 194 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 15 Nov 1983 WorldLII flag 31
Adams v H Bell 711 F2d 161; 12 Ed Law Rep 273; 228 USApp DC 375 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States - District of Columbia 1 Jun 1983 WorldLII flag 11
Clients' Council v R Pierce 711 F2d 1406 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 15 Sep 1983 WorldLII flag 5
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v University of Notre Dame Du Lac 715 F2d 331 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 24 Aug 1983 WorldLII flag 12
Cannon v University of Health Sciences/the Chicago Medical School G Cannon 710 F2d 351; 12 Ed Law Rep 228; 32 Empl Prac Dec P 33,664 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 20 Jul 1983 WorldLII flag 24
Planned Parenthood Association of Chicago Area v L Kempiners 700 F2d 1115 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 23 Feb 1983 WorldLII flag 14
Martin v L Helstad J R 699 F2d 387; 9 Ed Law Rep 113 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 2 Feb 1983 WorldLII flag 11
Ohio Contractors Association v Keip 713 F2d 167; 32 Empl Prac Dec P 33,717 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 7 Sep 1983 WorldLII flag 13
Bratton v City of Detroit Michigan 712 F2d 222 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 4 Aug 1983 WorldLII flag 11
United States Court of Appeals Sixth Circuit 706 F2d 757; 11 Ed Law Rep 132; 31 Empl Prac Dec P 33,602; 31 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1108 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 6 May 1983 WorldLII flag 7
Bratton v City of Detroit 704 F2d 878; 31 Empl Prac Dec P 33,497; 31 Fair Empl Prac Cas 465 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 29 Mar 1983 WorldLII flag 21
Louisville Black Police Officers Organization Inc v City of Louisville 700 F2d 268; 31 Empl Prac Dec P 33,321; 30 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1505 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 4 Feb 1983 WorldLII flag 20
Williams v City of New Orleans Louisiana a 694 F2d 987; 30 Empl Prac Dec P 33,274; 31 Fair Empl Prac Cas 464 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 14 Feb 1983 WorldLII flag 3
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Pennsylvania Section v Thornburgh 699 F2d 644 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 28 Jan 1983 WorldLII flag 2
Soberal-Perez v Heckler 717 F2d 36 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 30 Aug 1983 WorldLII flag 15
Kirkland v New York State Department of Correctional Services 711 F2d 1117 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 8 Jun 1983 WorldLII flag 26
Plyler v Doe 457 US 202; 72 L Ed 2d 786; 102 SCt 2382; 120 Idaho 121 United States Supreme Court United States - Idaho 9 Sep 1982 WorldLII flag 293
Washington v Seattle School District 458 US 457; 73 L Ed 2d 896; 102 SCt 3187 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 63
General Building Contractors Association v Pennsylvania 458 US 375; 73 L Ed 2d 835; 102 SCt 3141 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 186
Patsy v Board of Regents 457 US 496; 73 L Ed 2d 172; 102 SCt 2557 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 410
Larson v Valente 456 US 228; 72 L Ed 2d 33; 102 SCt 1673; 50 USLW 4411 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Jun 1982 WorldLII flag 107
La Riviere v Equal Employment Opportunity Commission G B Chp 682 F2d 1275; 29 Empl Prac Dec P 32,802; 28 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1481 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 19 May 1982 WorldLII flag 7
Williams v Owens-Illinois, Inc 665 F2d 918; 28 Empl Prac Dec P 32,404; 28 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1820 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 11 Jan 1982 WorldLII flag 53
Brown v Marquette Savings and Loan Association 686 F2d 608 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 18 Oct 1982 WorldLII flag 31
Dow Chemical Co v R Allen P 672 F2d 1262 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 25 Feb 1982 WorldLII flag 15
Stotts v Memphis Fire Department 679 F2d 541; 28 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1491; 28 Empl Prac Dec P 32,679 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 7 May 1982 WorldLII flag 31
Benham v Edwards R 678 F2d 511 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 27 May 1982 WorldLII flag 7
Hillis v Stephen F Austin State University 665 F2d 547; 1 Ed Law Rep 1097 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 11 Jan 1982 WorldLII flag 9
Chowdhury v Reading Hospital and Medical Center 677 F2d 317; 29 Empl Prac Dec P 32,697 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 3 May 1982 WorldLII flag 9
Gray v Board of Higher Education City of New York 692 F2d 901; 11 Fed REvid Serv 1809; 7 Ed Law Rep 499; 30 Empl Prac Dec P 33,162; 30 Fair Empl Prac Cas 297 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 15 Nov 1982 WorldLII flag 12
Morgan v D O'Bryant Aft 671 F2d 23; 3 Ed Law Rep 12; 28 Empl Prac Dec P 32,544; 28 Fair Empl Prac Cas 58 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 17 Feb 1982 WorldLII flag 7
Widmar v Vincent 454 US 263; 70 L Ed 2d 440; 102 SCt 269; 1 Ed Law Rep 13 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Dec 1981 WorldLII flag 301
Minnick v California Dept of Corrections 452 US 105; 68 L Ed 2d 706; 101 SCt 2211 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1981 WorldLII flag 17
Webb v Webb 451 US 493; 68 L Ed 2d 392; 101 SCt 1889 United States Supreme Court United States 18 May 1981 WorldLII flag 12
California v Sierra Club 451 US 287; 68 L Ed 2d 101; 101 SCt 1775 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Apr 1981 WorldLII flag 156
Environmental Defense Fund, Inc v Costle 657 F2d 275 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States 21 Apr 1981 WorldLII flag 52
Coe v Yellow Freight System Inc 646 F2d 444; 25 Empl Prac Dec P 31,752; 25 Fair Empl Prac Cas 900 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 20 Apr 1981 WorldLII flag 23
Glacier Park Foundation v Watt 663 F2d 882 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 10 Dec 1981 WorldLII flag 22
Schmidt v Oakland Unified School District 662 F2d 550; 1 Ed Law Rep 72 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 5 Nov 1981 WorldLII flag 6
Valentine v Smith 654 F2d 503; 26 Empl Prac Dec P 31,981; 26 Fair Empl Prac Cas 518 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 21 Jul 1981 WorldLII flag 16
Setser v Novack Investment Co S 657 F2d 962; 26 Empl Prac Dec P 31,995; 26 Fair Empl Prac Cas 513 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 21 Jul 1981 WorldLII flag 35
Hunt v Roth 648 F2d 1148 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 13 May 1981 WorldLII flag 10
Setser v Novack Investment Co S 638 F2d 1137; 25 Empl Prac Dec P 31,525; 24 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1793 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 26 Jan 1981 WorldLII flag 32
Cannon v University of Chicago 648 F2d 1104; 26 Empl Prac Dec P 31,822 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 22 Aug 1981 WorldLII flag 12
Lehman v Yellow Freight System Inc 651 F2d 520; 26 Empl Prac Dec P 31,928; 26 Fair Empl Prac Cas 75 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 17 Jun 1981 WorldLII flag 5
Yellow Springs Exempted Village School District v Ohio High School Athletic Association 647 F2d 651 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 28 Apr 1981 WorldLII flag 11
Talbert v City of Richmond 648 F2d 925; 25 Empl Prac Dec P 31,792; 25 Fair Empl Prac Cas 953 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 1 May 1981 WorldLII flag 14
Bob Jones University v United States 639 F2d 147 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 Jan 1981 WorldLII flag 1
National Association for Advancement of Colored People v Medical Center Inc 657 F2d 1322; 69 ALRFed 539 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 20 Jul 1981 WorldLII flag 19
Doherty v Rutgers School of Law-Newark 651 F2d 893; 60 ALRFed 598 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 16 Jun 1981 WorldLII flag 15
Employment, Inc v City of Bridgeport 647 F2d 256; 25 Empl Prac Dec P 31,714; 25 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1013 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 29 May 1981 WorldLII flag 36
Athabasca Tribal Council v Amoco Canada Petroleum Co [1981] 1 SCR 699 Supreme Court of Canada Canada 22 Jun 1981 Supreme Court of Canada flag 1
Harris v McRae 448 US 297; 65 L Ed 2d 784; 100 SCt 2671; 100 SCt 2733 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Sep 1980 WorldLII flag 277
Fullilove v Klutznick 448 US 448; 65 L Ed 2d 902; 100 SCt 2758 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 224
City of Mobile v Bolden 446 US 55; 64 L Ed 47; 64 L Ed 2d 47; 100 SCt 1490 United States Supreme Court United States 22 Apr 1980 WorldLII flag 163
United States v Clark 445 US 23; 63 L Ed 2d 171; 100 SCt 895 United States Supreme Court United States 26 Feb 1980 WorldLII flag 48
Brown v Glines 444 US 348; 62 L Ed 2d 540; 100 SCt 594 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jan 1980 WorldLII flag 84
Citizens Concerned for Separation of Church and State v City and County of Denver 628 F2d 1289 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 4 Sep 1980 WorldLII flag 37
Otero v Mesa County Valley School District No 628 F2d 1271; 23 Empl Prac Dec P 31,185; 23 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1233 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 15 Aug 1980 WorldLII flag 5
James v Ford Motor Credit Co 638 F2d 147 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 21 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 6
Associated General Contractors of California v San Francisco Unified School District 616 F2d 1381; 24 Empl Prac Dec P 31,422 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 25 Apr 1980 WorldLII flag 17
Lyons v City of Los Angeles 615 F2d 1243 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Mar 1980 WorldLII flag 11
Lange v Schultz 627 F2d 122 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 30 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 17
Ruslan Shipping Corporation v Coscol Petroleum Corporation 635 F2d 648 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 12 Dec 1980 WorldLII flag 3
United States v City of Chicago 631 F2d 469; 23 Empl Prac Dec P 31,134; 23 Fair Empl Prac Cas 512 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 9 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 6
Baker v Bell 630 F2d 1046 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 17 Nov 1980 WorldLII flag 17
United States v City of Miami 614 F2d 1322; 22 Empl Prac Dec P 30,822; 22 Fair Empl Prac Cas 846 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 10 Apr 1980 WorldLII flag 55
United States v City of Alexandria 614 F2d 1358; 22 Empl Prac Dec P 30,829; 22 Fair Empl Prac Cas 872 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 10 Apr 1980 WorldLII flag 32
Uzzell v C Friday L L II 625 F2d 1117 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 19 May 1980 WorldLII flag 2
Block v Potter 631 F2d 233 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 30 Sep 1980 WorldLII flag 11
Caulfield v Board of Education of City of New York 632 F2d 999; 24 Empl Prac Dec P 31,270; 26 Fair Empl Prac Cas 553 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 22 Sep 1980 WorldLII flag 5
Guardians Association of the New York City Police Department, Inc v Civil Service Commission of City of New York 633 F2d 232; 6 Fed REvid Serv 724; 23 Empl Prac Dec P 31,153; 23 Fair Empl Prac Cas 677 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 25 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 31
Bryan v Koch 627 F2d 612 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 10 Jul 1980 WorldLII flag 7
Local Union No of International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers v City of Hartford 625 F2d 416; 23 Empl Prac Dec P 31,028; 22 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1786 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 13 Jun 1980 WorldLII flag 12
Lora v Board of Education of City of New York 623 F2d 248 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 2 Jun 1980 WorldLII flag 10
Board of Education v Harris 622 F2d 599 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 19 May 1980 WorldLII flag 22
Burns v Sullivan 619 F2d 99; 22 Empl Prac Dec P 30,848; 24 Fair Empl Prac Cas 39 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 31 Mar 1980 WorldLII flag 24
Board of Education v Harris 444 US 130; 62 L Ed 2d 275; 100 SCt 363 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Nov 1979 WorldLII flag 18
Gannett Co v DePasquale 443 US 368; 61 L Ed 2d 608; 99 SCt 2898 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jul 1979 WorldLII flag 149
United Steelworkers of America v Weber 443 US 193; 61 L Ed 2d 480; 99 SCt 2721 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1979 WorldLII flag 224
Cannon v University of Chicago 441 US 677; 60 L Ed 2d 560; 99 SCt 1946 United States Supreme Court United States 14 May 1979 WorldLII flag 525
New York City Transit Authority v Beazer 440 US 568; 59 L Ed 2d 587; 99 SCt 1355; 59 L Ed 587 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Mar 1979 WorldLII flag 153
Lake Country Estates, Inc v Tahoe Regional Planning Agency 440 US 391; 59 L Ed 2d 401; 99 SCt 1171 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Mar 1979 WorldLII flag 187
Livingston v Ewing E a 601 F2d 1110; 20 Empl Prac Dec P 30,002; 19 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1716 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 14 Jun 1979 WorldLII flag 4
Zaslawsky v Board of Education of Los Angeles City Unified School District 610 F2d 661; 22 Empl Prac Dec P 30,789; 26 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1649 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 28 Dec 1979 WorldLII flag 4
Equal Employment Opportunity Commission v Contour Chair Lounge Co Inc Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 596 F2d 809; 19 Fair Empl Prac Cas 818 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 15 May 1979 WorldLII flag 10
Johnson v Board of Education of City of Chicago 604 F2d 504 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 6 Dec 1979 WorldLII flag 8
Detroit Police Officers' Association v A Young 608 F2d 671; 21 Empl Prac Dec P 30,313; 20 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1728 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 12 Oct 1979 WorldLII flag 64
Uzzell v C Friday L L II 591 F2d 997 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 2 Feb 1979 WorldLII flag 2
NAACP v Medical Center, Inc 599 F2d 1247 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 4 Jun 1979 WorldLII flag 37
Parent Ass'n of Andrew Jackson High School v Ambach 598 F2d 705 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 17 Apr 1979 WorldLII flag 23
Employment v City of Bridgeport 594 F2d 306; 19 Fair Empl Prac Cas 115 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 23 Feb 1979 WorldLII flag 4
Guadalupe Organization Incorporated v Tempe Elementary School District No 587 F2d 1022 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 18 Dec 1978 WorldLII flag 10
De La Cruz v Tormey 582 F2d 45 United States Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit United States 13 Sep 1978 WorldLII flag 14
Firefighters Institute for Racial Equality v City of St Louis Missouri 588 F2d 235; 18 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1083 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 22 Dec 1978 WorldLII flag 13
Finch v Mississippi State Medical Association Inc 585 F2d 765 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 7 Dec 1978 WorldLII flag 15
Morrow v Dillard 580 F2d 1284; 18 Fair Empl Prac Cas 119 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 29 Sep 1978 WorldLII flag 70
Sledge v J P Stevens & Co Inc 585 F2d 625; 18 Fair Empl Prac Cas 261 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 4 Oct 1978 WorldLII flag 28
Robinson Protective Alarm Co v City of Philadelphia 581 F2d 371 United States Court of Appeals, Third Circuit United States 28 Jul 1978 WorldLII flag 18
Fullilove v Kreps 584 F2d 600 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 22 Sep 1978 WorldLII flag 6
Board of Education of City School District of City of New York v A Califano 584 F2d 576 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 21 Aug 1978 WorldLII flag 15

Law Reform Reports Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) †  Author Jurisdiction Date Full Text Citation Index
- Review of the Anti-Discrimination Act 1977 (NSW) [1999] NSWLRC 92 New South Wales Law Reform Commission Australia - New South Wales circa 1999 AustLII flag
Recognition of Aboriginal customary laws [1986] ALRC 31 Australian Law Reform Commission Australia circa 1986 AustLII flag 2

Law Journal Articles Referring to this Case

Journal Article Title Citation(s) †  Author Jurisdiction Date Full Text Citation Index
"Private Conscience and the Public Purse: A Comparison and Explanation of the Law Relating to State Funding of Religious Schools in Canada and the United States" (2015) 34 University of Queensland Law Journal 319 Watson, Matt Australia circa 2015 AustLII flag
"Can Academic Freedom Survive Performance Based Research Funding?" [2013] VUWLawRw 24 Butler, Petra; Mulgan, Roderick New Zealand circa 2013 NZLII flag
"Appendix 4 - List of Leading Cases of United States Supreme Court" [2011] NLUDLRS 9 Editors India circa 2011 LIIofIndia flag
"Women and Discrimination Law" [2010] ALRS 11 Thornton, Margaret Australia circa 2010 AustLII flag
"A commentary on the positive discrimination policy of India" [2009] PER 2 LawCite South Africa circa 2009 SAFLII flag
Civil Rights Act, Title VII - Compliance Efforts (2009) 123 Harvard Law Review 282 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"Trimming" (2009) 122 Harvard Law Review 1049 Sunstein, Cass R United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag 1
California Supreme Court Declares Prohibition of Same-Sex Marriages Unconstitutional (2009) 122 Harvard Law Review 1557 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2009 WorldLII flag
"De-Moralized: Glucksberg in the Malaise" (2008) 106 Michigan Law Review 1571 Smith, Steven D United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
"Narrow Path to Diversity: The Constitutionality of Rezoning Plans and Strategic Site Selection of Schools after Parents Involved, A" (2008) 107 Michigan Law Review 501 Collis, Steven T United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
"Model Advocates or a Model for Change - The Model Equal Opportunity Briefing Policy as Affirmative Action" (2008) 32 Melbourne University Law Review 351 Bartlett, Francesca Australia circa 2008 AustLII flag 3
"National Constitutions in an International World" (2008) 2 Indian Journal of Constitutional Law 104 Blackshield, Tony India circa 2008 LIIofIndia flag 1
Mechanisms of Secrecy (2008) 121 Harvard Law Review 1556 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag 3
Demosprudence Through Dissent (2008) 122 Harvard Law Review 4 Guinier, Lani United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag 2
Judicial Review of Congressional Factfinding (2008) 122 Harvard Law Review 767 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag
Second Amendment Minimalism 122 Harvard Law Review 246 Sunstein, Cass R United States 1 Jan 2008 WorldLII flag 7
"Sex Discrimination, Courts and Corporate Power" (2008) 36 Federal Law Review 31 Thornton, Margaret Australia circa 2008 AustLII flag 5
"Garcetti v Ceballos: Balancing Employee Free Speech with Efficient Operation of Schools in the United States of America" (2008) 13 Australia and New Zealand Journal of Law and Education 65 Mawdsley, Ralph D Australia circa 2008 AustLII flag
"Open Chambers: High Court Associates and Supreme Court Clerks Compared" (2007) 31 Melbourne University Law Review 646 Young, Katharine G Australia circa 2007 AustLII flag 1
Supreme Court and Voluntary Integration (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 131 Ryan, James E United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Seattle and Louisville School Cases: There is No Other Way (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 158 J Harvie Wilkinson III United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Justice Kennedy and the Domains of Equal Protection (2007) 121 Harvard Law Review 104 Gerken, Heather K United States 1 Jan 2007 WorldLII flag 1
Civil Rights, Antitrust, and Early Decision Programs (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 880 Afram, Ruby Z United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Pragmatic Passion of Stephen Breyer (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1675 Gewirtz, Paul United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
< i > Grutter < /i > at Work: A Title VII Critique of Constitutional Affirmative Action (2006) 115 Yale Law Journal 1408 Bulman-Pozen, Jessica United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Education, Equality, and National Citizenship (2006) 116 Yale Law Journal 330 Goodwin Liu United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
"The Trouble with Living Tree Interpretation" (2006) 25 University of Queensland Law Journal 3 Huscroft, Grant Australia circa 2006 AustLII flag 3
Freedom of Association - Freedom of Expressive Association - Campus Access for Military Recruiters (2006) 120 Harvard Law Review 253 Harvard Law Review United States 1 Jan 2006 WorldLII flag
Pluralism and Distrust: How Courts Can Support Democracy by Lowering the Stakes of Politics (2005) 114 Yale Law Journal 1279 William N Eskridge Jr United States 1 Jan 2005 WorldLII flag 7
Victoria's Justice Statement: Rights or Rhetoric? (Or There's No Show Without Punch!) [2005] MurUEJL 12 Murdoch University Electronic Journal of Law Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag
"Human Rights in the High Court of Australia, 1976-2003: The Righting of Australian Law?" (2005) 33 (2) Federal Law Review 287 Johns, Fleur E J Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag
"The Inequality of Treating Unequals Equally: The Future of Direct Discrimination Under The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cth)?" (2005) 45 Australian Institute of Administrative Law Forum 20 Roberts, Susan Australia circa 2005 AustLII flag 2
Race as Mission Critical: The Occupational Need Rationale in Military Affirmative Action and Beyond (2004) 113 Yale Law Journal 1093 Leach, Bryan W United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag 1
Sorcerer's Apprentice: < I > Sandoval < /I > , < I > Chevron < /I > , and Agency Power to Define Private Rights of Action (2004) 113 Yale Law Journal 939 Gorod, Brianne J United States 1 Jan 2004 WorldLII flag
"Affirmative Action, Special Measures and the Sex Discrimination Act" (2004) 27 University of New South Wales Law Journal 840 O'Brien, Julie Australia circa 2004 AustLII flag
"Grutter v Bollinger: Negotiating Conflicting Rights with a Fiction of Words" (2003) 10 James Cook University Law Review 129 Anderson, Andrew Australia circa 2003 AustLII flag
"Editorial Comment" (2003) 10 James Cook University Law Review 4 Amankwah, HA Australia circa 2003 AustLII flag
Unclear Standards Create an Unclear Future: Developing a Better Definition of Unitary Status (2002) 112 Yale Law Journal 311 Moore, Monika L United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag
Framing Transactions in Constitutional Law (2002) 111 Yale Law Journal 1311 Levinson, Daryl J United States 1 Jan 2002 WorldLII flag 2
"Discrimination, Dignity, and the Limits of Equality" (2000) 9 Otago Law Review 697 Huscroft, G New Zealand circa 2000 NZLII flag 1
"The 'best qualified' - for what? The place of affirmative action in a mission-focused New Zealand law school admissions policy" [2000] NZYbkNZJur 5 MacKinnon, Ken Australia circa 2000 NZLII flag
"Affirmative Action in a Democratic Society" (1997) 13 Queensland University of Technology Law Journal 195 Tahmindjis, Phillip Australia - Queensland circa 1997 AustLII flag
"Second Generation of American Affirmative-Action Decisions, The" (1989-1990) 12 Sydney Law Review 159 Sadurski, Wojciech Australia circa 1990 AustLII flag
"Individuals: Individuals- aliens- illegal immigrants- Australian Policy" [1987] AUYrBkIntLaw 14 Editors Australia circa 1987 AustLII flag
"Gerhardy v Brown v the Concept of Discrimination: Reflections on the Landmark Case That Wasn't" (1986-1988) 11 Sydney Law Review 5 Sadurski, Wojciech Australia circa 1988 AustLII flag 12
"Morality of Preferential Treatment (The Competing Jurisprudential and Moral Arguments), The" (1983-1984) 14 Melbourne University Law Review 572 Sadurski, Woichiech Australia circa 1984 AustLII flag 3
"Individuals: Individuals- aliens- illegal immigrants- Australian Policy" (1984-1987) 11 Australian Year Book of International Law 343 Editors Australia circa 1987 AustLII flag
"Equality, Law and Non-discrimination" [1981] AUSocLegPhilB 26 (1981) 21 Bulletin of the Australian Society of Legal Philosophy 113 Sadurski, Wojciech Australia circa 1981 AustLII flag 2
"Comments on the 'Integration Debate in the United States: The Interplay of Quality and Equality' by Gabriel Moens" [1981] AUSocLegPhilB 3 (1981) 18 Bulletin of the Australian Society of Legal Philosophy 40 Winterton, George Australia circa 1981 AustLII flag

Legislation Cited

Legislation Name Provision
Thirteenth Amendment
Fourteenth Amendment
Fifth Amendment
Constitution

Cases and Articles Cited

Case Name Citation(s) †  Court Jurisdiction Date Full Text Citation Index
Fullilove v Kreps 584 F2d 600 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 22 Sep 1978 WorldLII flag 6
Board of Education of City School District of City of New York v A Califano 584 F2d 576 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 21 Aug 1978 WorldLII flag 15
Dayton Board of Education v Brinkman 433 US 406; 53 L Ed 2d 851; 97 SCt 2766; 53 L Ed 851 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Jun 1977 WorldLII flag 130
International Brotherhood of Teamsters v United States 431 US 324; 52 L Ed 2d 396; 97 SCt 1843; [1977] Dillon 746 United States Supreme Court United States 31 May 1977 WorldLII flag 1034
Massachusetts v Westcott 431 US 322; 52 L Ed 2d 349; 97 SCt 1755 United States Supreme Court United States 23 May 1977 WorldLII flag 11
Castaneda v Partida 430 US 482; 51 L Ed 2d 498; 97 SCt 1272; [1977] Gault 141 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Mar 1977 WorldLII flag 274
Califano v Webster 430 US 313; 51 L Ed 2d 360; 97 SCt 1192 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Mar 1977 WorldLII flag 48
Califano v Goldfarb 430 US 199; 51 L Ed 2d 270; 97 SCt 1021 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Mar 1977 WorldLII flag 97
United Jewish Organizations v Carey 430 US 144; 51 L Ed 2d 229; 97 SCt 996; 51 L Ed 229 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Mar 1977 WorldLII flag 74
Mt Healthy City School District Board of Education v Doyle 429 US 274; 50 L Ed 2d 471; 97 SCt 568; 50 L Ed 417; (1977) 45 USLW 4079; [1977] SEC 1981 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 1386
Village of Arlington Heights v Metropolitan Housing Development Corporation 429 US 252; 97 SCt 555; 50 L Ed 2d 450; 50 L Ed 2 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 726
Lloyd v Regional Transportation Authority 548 F2d 1277; 44 ALRFed 131 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 18 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 48
Uzzell v C Friday L L II 558 F2d 727 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 28 Jul 1977 WorldLII flag 5
Uzzell v C Friday 547 F2d 801 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 5 Jan 1977 WorldLII flag 8
[1977] PL 95-205 [1977] PL 95-205 United Kingdom circa 1977 Westlaw flag 1
"Racial Preference, Reality and the Constitution : Bakke v Regents of the University 0/ California" (1977) 17 Santa Clara Law Review 329 Santa Clara Law Review United States circa 1977 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
Craig v Boren 429 US 190; 50 L Ed 2d 397; 97 SCt 451 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Dec 1976 WorldLII flag 367
Singleton v Wulff 428 US 106; 49 L Ed 2d 826; 96 SCt 2868 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jul 1976 WorldLII flag 1005
Pasadena City Board of Education v Spangler 427 US 424; 384 FSupp 846; 49 L Ed 2d 599; 96 SCt 2697 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 152
Runyon v McCrary 427 US 160; 49 L Ed 2d 415; 96 SCt 2586 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 278
McDonald v Santa Fe Trail Transportation Co 427 US 273; 49 L Ed 2d 493; 96 SCt 2574 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 247
Massachusetts Board of Retirement v Murgia 427 US 307; 49 L Ed 2d 520; 96 SCt 2562; 49 L Ed 520 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 286
Washington v Davis 426 US 229; 48 L Ed 2d 597; 44 USLW 4789; 96 SCt 2040 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 684
Train v Colorado Public Interest Research Group, Inc 426 US 1; 48 L Ed 2d 434; 96 SCt 1938 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 105
Hampton v Mow Sun Wong 426 US 88; 48 L Ed 2d 495; 96 SCt 1895 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1976 WorldLII flag 151
Hills v Gautreaux 425 US 284; 44 USLW 4480; 47 L Ed 2d 792; 96 SCt 1538 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1976 WorldLII flag 56
Franks v Bowman Transportation Co 424 US 747; 44 USLW 4356; 47 L Ed 2d 444; 96 SCt 1251; 47 L Ed 444 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Mar 1976 WorldLII flag 423
Buckley v Valeo 424 US 1; 46 L Ed 659; 46 L Ed 2d 659; 96 SCt 612; [1976] Brock 860; 44 USLW 4127 United States Supreme Court United States 27 Feb 1976 WorldLII flag 835
Chambers v Omaha Public School District 536 F2d 222; 11 Empl Prac Dec P 10,911; 15 Fair Empl Prac Cas 565 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 11 May 1976 WorldLII flag 25
Greco v Orange Memorial Hospital Corporation 423 US 1000; (1975) 44 USLW 3328; 46 L Ed 2d 376; 96 SCt 433 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Dec 1975 WorldLII flag 22
Warth v Seldin 422 US 490; 45 L Ed 2d 343; 95 SCt 2197 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1975 WorldLII flag 1282
Albemarle Paper Co v Moody 422 US 405; 45 L Ed 2d 280; 95 SCt 2362; [1975] Alexander 415; (1975) 43 USLW 4880 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1975 WorldLII flag 838
Cort v Ash 422 US 66; 45 L Ed 2d 26; 95 SCt 2080 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Jun 1975 WorldLII flag 656
Stanton v Stanton 421 US 7; 43 L Ed 2d 688; 95 SCt 1373 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Apr 1975 WorldLII flag 66
Weinberger v Wiesenfeld 420 US 636; 43 L Ed 2d 514; 95 SCt 1225; 643 Gault 387 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Mar 1975 WorldLII flag 171
Schlesinger v Ballard 419 US 498; 42 L Ed 2d 610; 95 SCt 572 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Mar 1975 WorldLII flag 78
Rossetti Contracting Co Inc v J Brennan 508 F2d 1039; 9 Fair Empl Prac Cas 174 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 9 Jan 1975 WorldLII flag 5
"Judicial Scrutiny of 'Benign' Racial Preference in Law School Admissions" (1975) 75 Columbia Law Review 559 Columbia Law Review United States circa 1975 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 7
"Racial Preferences in Higher Education: Political Responsibility and the Judicial Role" (1975) 42 University of Chicago Law Review 653 University of Chicago Law Review United States circa 1975 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 5
Milliken v Bradley 418 US 717; 41 L Ed 2d 1069; 94 SCt 3112 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jul 1974 WorldLII flag 208
Morton v Mancari 417 US 535; 41 L Ed 2d 290; 94 SCt 2474 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Jun 1974 WorldLII flag 455
Kahn v Shevin 416 US 351; 40 L Ed 2d 189; 94 SCt 1734; 40 L Ed 189 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Apr 1974 WorldLII flag 58
DeFunis v Odegaard 416 US 312; 40 L Ed 2d 164; 94 SCt 1704 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Apr 1974 WorldLII flag 311
National Railroad Passenger Corporation v National Association of Railroad Passengers 414 US 453; 38 L Ed 2d 646; 94 SCt 690; 38 L Ed 646 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Feb 1974 WorldLII flag 198
Lau v Nichols 414 US 563; 39 L Ed 2d 1; 94 SCt 786 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jan 1974 WorldLII flag 81
Serna v Portales Municipal Schools 499 F2d 1147 United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit United States 17 Jul 1974 WorldLII flag 12
Associated General Contractors of Massachusetts Inc v Altshuler 490 F2d 9; 6 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1013 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 22 Apr 1974 WorldLII flag 19
"The DeFunis Case and the Constitutionality of Preferential Treatment of Racial Minorities" [1974] Supreme Court Review 1 Supreme Court Review United States circa 1974 flag 6
"Racial Preferences and Higher Education: The Larger Context" (1974) 60 Virginia Law Review 925 Virginia Law Review United States circa 1974 LexisNexis flag 2
Keyes v School Dist 413 US 189; 37 L Ed 2d 548; 93 SCt 2686; 37 L Ed 548; 41 USLW 5013-5020 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Oct 1973 WorldLII flag 196
Norwood v Harrison 413 US 455; 37 L Ed 2d 723; 93 SCt 2804 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 59
In re Griffiths 413 US 717; 93 SCt 2851; 37 L Ed 2d 910 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 72
Moor v County of Alameda 411 US 693; 36 L Ed 2d 596; 93 SCt 1785 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 227
McDonnell Douglas Corporation v Green 411 US 792; 93 SCt 1817; 36 L Ed 2; 36 L Ed 2d 668; 36 L Ed 668; 802 Fisher 114 United States Supreme Court United States 14 May 1973 WorldLII flag 4079
Frontiero v Richardson 411 US 677; 36 L Ed 2d 583; 93 SCt 1764; 95 L Ed 884 United States Supreme Court United States 14 May 1973 WorldLII flag 226
Mourning v Family Publications Service, Inc 411 US 356; 36 L Ed 2d 318; 93 SCt 1652; 36 L Ed 318 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Apr 1973 WorldLII flag 273
San Antonio Independent School District v Rodriguez 411 US 1; 36 L Ed 2d 16; 93 SCt 1278; (1973) 41 USLW 4407 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Apr 1973 WorldLII flag 480
Northeast Construction Co v Romney 485 F2d 752; 157 USApp DC 381 United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit United States circa 1973 WorldLII flag 10
Bridgeport Guardians Inc v Members of Bridgeport Civil Service Commission 482 F2d 1333; 5 Fair Empl Prac Cas 1344 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 28 Jun 1973 WorldLII flag 46
Erlenbaugh v United States 409 US 239; 34 L Ed 2d 446; 93 SCt 477 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Dec 1972 WorldLII flag 66
Weber v Aetna Casualty & Surety Co 406 US 164; 31 L Ed 2d 768; 92 SCt 1400 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Apr 1972 WorldLII flag 101
Dunn v Blumstein 405 US 330; 31 L Ed 2d 274; 92 SCt 995 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Mar 1972 WorldLII flag 288
Carter v Gallagher 452 F2d 315; 4 Fair Empl Prac Cas 121 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 7 Jan 1972 WorldLII flag 77
Southern Illinois Builders Association v B Ogilvie 471 F2d 680; 5 Fair Empl Prac Cas 229 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 1 Dec 1972 WorldLII flag 20
Graham v Richardson 403 US 365; 29 L Ed 2d 534; 91 SCt 1848; 29 L Ed 534 United States Supreme Court United States 14 Jun 1971 WorldLII flag 216
Swann v Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education 402 US 1; 28 L Ed 2d 554; 91 SCt 1267; 28 L Ed 554; 15-16 Green 391 United States Supreme Court United States - New Jersey 7 Jun 1971 WorldLII flag 588
North Carolina State Board of Education v Swann 402 US 43; 28 L Ed 2d 586; 91 SCt 1284 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1971 WorldLII flag 71
McDaniel v Barresi 402 US 39; 28 L Ed 2d 582; 91 SCt 1287 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1971 WorldLII flag 38
Davis v Board of School Commissioners of Mobile County 402 US 33; 28 L Ed 2d 577; 91 SCt 1289 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Apr 1971 WorldLII flag 81
Griggs v Duke Power Co 401 US 424; 28 L Ed 2d 158; 91 SCt 849 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Mar 1971 WorldLII flag 954
Ries v Lynskey 452 F2d 172 United States Court of Appeals, Seventh Circuit United States 18 Oct 1971 WorldLII flag 10
Oregon v Mitchell 400 US 112; 27 L Ed 2d 272; 91 SCt 260 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Dec 1970 WorldLII flag 147
Rosado v Wyman 397 US 397; 25 L Ed 2d 442; 90 SCt 1207; 25 L Ed 442 United States Supreme Court United States 6 Apr 1970 WorldLII flag 342
United States v International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers Local 428 F2d 144 United States Court of Appeals, Sixth Circuit United States 19 Jun 1970 WorldLII flag 49
United States v Montgomery County Board of Education 395 US 225; 23 L Ed 2d 263; 89 SCt 1670 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jun 1969 WorldLII flag 66
Gaston County v United States 395 US 285; 23 L Ed 2d 309; 89 SCt 1720 United States Supreme Court United States 2 Jun 1969 WorldLII flag 23
Cardinale v Louisiana 394 US 437; 22 L Ed 2d 398; 89 SCt 1161 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Apr 1969 WorldLII flag 29
Allen v State Board of Elections 393 US 544; 22 L Ed 2d 1; 89 SCt 817 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Mar 1969 WorldLII flag 181
United States v Sheet Metal Workers International Association Local Union No 416 F2d 123; 2 Empl Prac Dec P 10,083; 2 Fair Empl Prac Cas 127 United States Court of Appeals, Eighth Circuit United States 16 Sep 1969 WorldLII flag 43
International Association of Heat and Frost Insulators and Asbestos Workers v Vogler 407 F2d 1047; 1 Fair Empl Prac Cas 577 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 15 Jan 1969 WorldLII flag 72
Jones v Alfred H Mayer Co 392 US 409; 88 SCt 2186; 20 L Ed 2d 1189 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Jun 1968 WorldLII flag 304
Green v County School Board 391 US 430; 20 L Ed 2d 716; 88 SCt 1689 United States Supreme Court United States 27 May 1968 WorldLII flag 422
Lee v Washington 390 US 333; 19 L Ed 2d 1212; 88 SCt 994 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Mar 1968 WorldLII flag 96
Loving v Virginia 388 US 1; 18 L Ed 2d 1010; 87 SCt 1817; 18 L Ed 1010 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1967 WorldLII flag 304
Reitman v Mulkey 387 US 369; 18 L Ed 2d 830; 87 SCt 1627 United States Supreme Court United States 29 May 1967 WorldLII flag 145
Keyishian v Board of Regents 385 US 589; 17 L Ed 2d 629; 87 SCt 675 United States Supreme Court United States 23 Jan 1967 WorldLII flag 372
Bossier Parish School Board v Lemon 370 F2d 847 United States Court of Appeals, Fifth Circuit United States 6 Feb 1967 WorldLII flag 24
Offermann v J Nitkowski 378 F2d 22 United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit United States 19 May 1967 WorldLII flag 15
Katzenbach v Morgan 384 US 641; 16 L Ed 2d 828; 86 SCt 1717 United States Supreme Court United States 13 Jun 1966 WorldLII flag 198
South Carolina v Katzenbach 383 US 301; 15 L Ed 2d 769; 86 SCt 803 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Mar 1966 WorldLII flag 197
Zemel v Rusk 381 US 1; 14 L Ed 2d 179; 85 SCt 1271 United States Supreme Court United States 11 Oct 1965 WorldLII flag 201
Swain v Alabama 380 US 202; 13 L Ed 759; 13 L Ed 2d 759; 85 SCt 824 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Mar 1965 WorldLII flag 535
Carrington v Rash 380 US 89; 13 L Ed 2d 675; 85 SCt 775 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Mar 1965 WorldLII flag 126
Wanner v County School Board of Arlington County Virginia 357 F2d 452 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 6 Dec 1965 WorldLII flag 15
Springfield School Committee v Barksdale 348 F2d 261 United States Court of Appeals, First Circuit United States 12 Jul 1965 WorldLII flag 23
McLaughlin v Florida 379 US 184; 13 L Ed 2d 222; 85 SCt 283 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Dec 1964 WorldLII flag 167
Lucas v Forty-Fourth General Assembly of Colorado 377 US 713; 12 L Ed 2d 632; 84 SCt 1459 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Jun 1964 WorldLII flag 73
Griffin v County School Board of Prince Edward County 377 US 218; 12 L Ed 2d 256; 84 SCt 1226; 12 L Ed 256 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jan 1847 WorldLII flag 211
Simkins v Moses H Cone Memorial Hospital 323 F2d 959 United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit United States 1 Apr 1963 WorldLII flag 66
Burton v Wilmington Parking Authority 365 US 715; 6 L Ed 2d 45; 81 SCt 856 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Apr 1961 WorldLII flag 400
Monroe v Pape 365 US 167; 5 L Ed 492; 5 L Ed 2d 492; 81 SCt 473; 7 Idaho 172-73 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Feb 1961 WorldLII flag 1208
Ashwander v Tennessee Valley Authority 297 US 288; 56 SCt 466; 4 L Ed 2d 524; 80 L Ed 688; 330 USApp DC 160 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Feb 1960 WorldLII flag 800
New Orleans City Park Improvement Assn v Detiege 358 US 54; 79 SCt 99; 3 L Ed 2d 46 United States Supreme Court United States 20 Oct 1958 WorldLII flag 25
Sweezy v New Hampshire 354 US 234; 1 L Ed 2d 1311; 77 SCt 1203 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Jun 1957 WorldLII flag 196
Black v Cutter Laboratories 351 US 292; 100 L Ed 1188; 76 SCt 824 United States Supreme Court United States 4 Jun 1956 WorldLII flag 33
Brown v Board of Education 349 US 294; 99 L Ed 1083; 75 SCt 753 United States Supreme Court United States 31 May 1955 WorldLII flag 449
Offutt v United States 348 US 11; 99 L Ed 11; 75 SCt 11 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Nov 1954 WorldLII flag 217
Brown v Board of Education 347 US 483; 38 ALR 2d 1180; 98 L Ed 2d 873; [1954] Idaho 349; 98 L Ed 873; 74 SCt 686 United States Supreme Court United States 17 May 1954 WorldLII flag 1011
Hernandez v Texas 347 US 475; 98 L Ed 866; 74 SCt 667; 98 L Ed 2d 866 United States Supreme Court United States 3 May 1954 WorldLII flag 166
Sweatt v Painter 339 US 629; 94 L Ed 1114; 70 SCt 848 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Oct 1950 WorldLII flag 78
McLaurin v Oklahoma State Regents 339 US 637; 94 L Ed 1149; 70 SCt 851 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Jun 1950 WorldLII flag 48
Shelley v Kraemer 334 US 1; 68 SCt 836; 3 ALR 2d 441; 92 L Ed 1161 United States Supreme Court United States 3 May 1948 WorldLII flag 374
Oyama v California 332 US 633; 92 L Ed 249; 68 SCt 269 United States Supreme Court United States 19 Jan 1948 WorldLII flag 71
Sipuel v Board of Regents 332 US 631; 92 L Ed 247; 68 SCt 299 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jan 1948 WorldLII flag 37
Rescue Army v Municipal Court 331 US 549; 91 L Ed 1666; 67 SCt 1409 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Jun 1947 WorldLII flag 186
Kotch v Board of River Port Pilot Comm'rs 330 US 552; 91 L Ed 1093; 67 SCt 910 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Apr 1947 WorldLII flag 70
United Public Workers v Mitchell 330 US 75; 91 L Ed 754; 67 SCt 556 United States Supreme Court United States 10 Feb 1947 WorldLII flag 351
Alma Motor Co v Timken-Detroit Axle Co 329 US 129; 91 L Ed 128; 67 SCt 231 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Dec 1946 WorldLII flag 46
Morgan v Virginia 328 US 373; 90 L Ed 1317; 66 SCt 1050 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Jun 1946 WorldLII flag 51
Railway Mail Ass'n v Corsi 326 US 88; 89 L Ed 2072; 65 SCt 1483 United States Supreme Court United States 18 Jun 1945 WorldLII flag 48
Korematsu v United States 323 US 214; 89 L Ed 194; 65 SCt 193; 89 L Ed 2d 194 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Feb 1945 WorldLII flag 242
Spector Motor Service, Inc v McLaughlin 323 US 101; 89 L Ed 101; 65 SCt 152 United States Supreme Court United States 4 Dec 1944 WorldLII flag 179
McLeod v J E Dilworth Co 322 US 327; 64 SCt 1023; 88 L Ed 1305; 88 L Ed 1304 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Jun 1944 WorldLII flag 37
Hirabayashi v United States 320 US 81; 87 L Ed 2d 1774; 87 L Ed 1774; 63 SCt 1375 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Jun 1943 WorldLII flag 436
Skinner v Oklahoma 316 US 535; (1942) 155 P2d 715; 86 L Ed 1655; 62 SCt 1110 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Jun 1942 WorldLII flag 264
Edwards v California 314 US 160; 86 L Ed 119; 62 SCt 164; 86 L Ed 2d 119 United States Supreme Court United States 24 Nov 1941 WorldLII flag 93
United States v Stewart 311 US 60; 85 L Ed 40; 61 SCt 102 United States Supreme Court United States 16 Dec 1940 WorldLII flag 102
Minersville School District v Gobitis 310 US 586; 84 L Ed 1375; 60 SCt 1010; [1940] Black 69 United States Supreme Court United States 3 Jun 1940 WorldLII flag 54
United States v American Trucking Ass'ns 310 US 534; 84 L Ed 2d 1345; 84 L Ed 1345; 60 SCt 1059 United States Supreme Court United States 27 May 1940 WorldLII flag 540
McGoldrick v Compagnie Generale Transatlantique 309 US 430; 84 L Ed 849; 60 SCt 670 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Mar 1940 WorldLII flag 23
Missouri ex rel Gaines v Canada 305 US 337; 83 L Ed 208; 59 SCt 232; 63 L Ed 206 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Dec 1938 WorldLII flag 74
United States v Carolene Products Co 304 US 144; 82 L Ed 1234; 58 SCt 778 United States Supreme Court United States 25 Apr 1938 WorldLII flag 316
United States v Griffin 303 US 226; 82 L Ed 764; 58 SCt 601 United States Supreme Court United States 28 Feb 1938 WorldLII flag 42
West Coast Hotel Co v Parrish 300 US 379; 81 L Ed 703; 57 SCt 578 United States Supreme Court United States 29 Mar 1937 WorldLII flag 142
[1936] Ussc 36; 80 l Ed 688 80 L Ed 688 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1936 WorldLII flag 78
Nebbia v New York 291 US 502; 78 L Ed 940; 54 SCt 505 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Mar 1934 WorldLII flag 199
Buck v Bell 274 US 200; 71 L Ed 1000; 47 SCt 584 United States Supreme Court United States 2 May 1927 WorldLII flag 64
Terrace v Thompson 263 US 197; 68 L Ed 255; 44 SCt 15 United States Supreme Court United States 12 Nov 1923 WorldLII flag 106
Towne v Eisner 245 US 425; 245 US 418; 62 L Ed 372; 38 SCt 158 United States Supreme Court United States 7 Jan 1918 WorldLII flag 110
Swift & Co v Hocking Valley Ry Co 243 US 281; 61 L Ed 722; 37 SCt 287 United States Supreme Court United States 6 Mar 1917 WorldLII flag 53
Truax v Raich 239 US 39; 239 US 33; 60 L Ed 131; 36 SCt 7 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Nov 1915 WorldLII flag 187
McCabe v Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe R Co 235 US 151; 59 L Ed 169; 35 SCt 69 United States Supreme Court United States 30 Nov 1914 WorldLII flag 69
Louisville & Nashville R Co v Mottley 211 US 149; 53 L Ed 2d 126; 53 L Ed 126; 29 SCt 42; [1908] King 337 United States Supreme Court United States - Texas 16 Nov 1908 WorldLII flag 337
Berea College v Kentucky 211 US 45; 53 L Ed 81; 29 SCt 33 United States Supreme Court United States 9 Nov 1908 WorldLII flag 25
Lochner v New York 198 US 45; 49 L Ed 937; 3 Ann Cas 1133; 3 A & E Ann Cas 1133; 25 SCt 539; 49 L Ed 2d 937 United States Supreme Court United States 17 Apr 1905 WorldLII flag 270
Allgeyer v Louisiana 165 US 578; 41 L Ed 832; 17 SCt 427; 123 Ky 228 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Mar 1897 WorldLII flag 101
Plessy v Ferguson 163 US 537; 41 L Ed 256; 16 SCt 1138 United States Supreme Court United States 18 May 1896 WorldLII flag 265
Pollock v Farmers' Loan & Trust Co 157 US 604-606; 157 US 429; 39 L Ed 759; 15 SCt 673 United States Supreme Court United States 8 Apr 1895 WorldLII flag 114
Mugler v Kansas 123 US 669; 123 US 623; 31 L Ed 205; 8 SCt 273; 5 L Ed 2d 225 United States Supreme Court United States 5 Dec 1887 WorldLII flag 151
Yick Wo v Hopkins 6 SCt 1064 United States Supreme Court United States 10 May 1886 WorldLII flag 634
Mansfield, Coldwater & Lake Michigan Ry v Swan 111 US 382; 111 US 379; 28 L Ed 462; 4 SCt 510; 28 L Ed 2d 462 United States Supreme Court United States 21 Apr 1884 WorldLII flag 284
Civil Rights Cases 109 US 3; 3 SCt 18; 27 L Ed 2d 835; 27 L Ed 835 United States Supreme Court United States 15 Oct 1883 WorldLII flag 260
Strauder v West Virginia 100 US 303; 10 Ot 303; 25 L Ed 2d 664; 25 L Ed 664 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Oct 1879 WorldLII flag 275
United States v Reese 92 US 214; 23 L Ed 563 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Oct 1875 WorldLII flag 119
United States v Cruikshank 92 US 542; 2 Ot 542; 23 L Ed 588 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Oct 1875 WorldLII flag 256
Slaughter-House Cases 371 US 820; 9 L Ed 2d 61; 16 Wall 36; 21 L Ed 394; 83 SCt 36 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Dec 1872 WorldLII flag 245
McCulloch v Maryland 17 US 316; 4 Wheat 316; 4 L Ed 579; 4 L Ed 519; 1 Wheat 316; 1 Pet 14; 2 Sumn 278 United States Supreme Court United States 1 Feb 1819 WorldLII flag 885
Contractors Association of Eastern Pennsylvania v Secretary of Labor 442 F2d 159 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 52
e g , Commissioner v Standard Life & Accident Ins Co 434 US 900; 54 L Ed 2d 186; 98 SCt 293 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 2
Vermont Yankee Nuclear Power Corporation v NRDC 429 US 1090; 51 L Ed 2d 535; 97 SCt 1099 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 31
Austin Independent School District v United States 429 US 990; 50 L Ed 2d 603; 97 SCt 517 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 45
429 US 953; 97 SCt 573; 50 l Ed 2d 321 429 US 953; 97 SCt 573; 50 L Ed 2d 321 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 2
Piascik v Cleveland Museum of Art 426 FSupp 779 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 5
Securities Investor Protection Corporation v Barbour 421 US 412; 95 SCt 1733; 44 L Ed 2d 263; (1740) 44 L Ed 263 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 76
Rochford v Confederation of Police 416 US 957; 94 SCt 1971; 40 L Ed 2d 307 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 19
Contractors Ass'n of Eastern Pennsylvania v Hodgson 404 US 854; 30 L Ed 2d 95; 92 SCt 98 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 85
400 US 943; 91 SCt 245; 27 l Ed 2d 248 400 US 943; 91 SCt 245; 27 L Ed 2d 248 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 57
Presto Mfg Co v NLRB 396 US 1004; 90 SCt 554; 24 L Ed 2d 495 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 29
Red Lion Broadcasting Co v FCC 395 US 367; 23 L Ed 2d 371; 23 L Ed 371; 23 L Ed 2d 3711 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 562
388 US 911 388 US 911; 18 L Ed 2d 1350; 87 SCt 2116 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 29
Soria v Oxnard School District Board of Trustees 386 FSupp 539 United States Westlaw flag 3
cert denied 376 US 938; 84 SCt 793; 11 L Ed 2d 659 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 75
Natonabah v Board of Education 355 FSupp 716 United States Westlaw flag 2
Gayle v Browder 352 US 903; 1 L Ed 2d 114; 77 SCt 145; 1 L Ed 114 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 68
Gianfala v Texas Co 350 US 879; 76 SCt 141; 100 L Ed 775; 100 L Ed 2d 775 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 97
Mayor and City Council of Baltimore v Dawson 350 US 877; 76 SCt 133; 100 L Ed 774 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 54
Muir v Louisville Park Theatrical Ass'n 347 US 971; 98 L Ed 1112; 74 SCt 783 United States Supreme Court United States Westlaw flag 29
Joyce v McCrane 320 FSupp 1284 United States Westlaw flag 8
Spangler v Pasadena City Board of Education 311 FSupp 501 United States Westlaw flag 16
249 Ne2d 907 249 NE2d 907 United States flag 6
97 SCt 517-519; 50 l Ed 2d 603 97 SCt 517-519; 50 L Ed 2d 603 United States Westlaw flag 1
89 SCt 1794; (1801) 23 l Ed 2d 371 89 SCt 1794; (1801) 23 L Ed 2d 371 United States circa 1801 Westlaw flag 448
"Foreword: In Search of Evolving Doctrine on a Changing Court: A Model for a Newer Equal Protection" 86 Harvard Law Review 1 Harvard Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 81
80 Yale Law Journal 699 80 Yale Law Journal 699 Yale Law Journal United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / Westlaw flag 1
"Original Understanding and the Segregation Decision, The" 69 Harvard Law Review 1 Harvard Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 21
"Equal Justice in an Unequal World: Equality for the Negrothe Problem of Special Treatment" 61 Northwestern University Law Review 363 Northwestern University Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 8
"Affirmative Action and Equal Protection" 60 Virginia Law Review 955 Virginia Law Review United States circa 1981 LexisNexis flag 3
United States v Associated Press 52 FSupp 362 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 42
49 l Ed 493 49 L Ed 493 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 LexisNexis flag 1
45 l Ed 2d 243 45 L Ed 2d 243 United States circa 1981 LexisNexis flag 2
42 Op Atty Gen 405 42 Op Atty Gen 405 United States circa 1981 flag 2
"The Constitutionality of Reverse Racial Discrimination" 41 University of Chicago Law Review 723 University of Chicago Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 21
Seeburger, A Heuristic Argument Against Preferential Admissions 39 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 285 University of Pittsburgh Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 1
39 University of Chicago Law Review 723 39 University of Chicago Law Review 723 University of Chicago Law Review United States circa 1981 HeinOnline / LexisNexis flag 4
37 CLR 341 37 CLR 341 Australia - Commonwealth circa 1981 Legal Online / Westlaw flag 22
27 l Ed 2d 91 27 L Ed 2d 91 United States circa 1981 LexisNexis flag 1
Dred Scott v Sandford 19 How 393; 15 L Ed 691 United Stated Supreme Court United States circa 1981 LexisNexis flag 106
Bakke v Regents of University of California 18 Cal3d 34; 553 P2d 1152; 132 Cal Rptr 680; 18 Cal2d 34 United States - California circa 1981 flag 9
Crawford v Board of Education 17 Cal3d 280; 551 P2d 28; 130 Cal Rptr 724 United States - California circa 1981 flag 15
6 SCt 1064 6 SCt 1064 United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 252
Hayburn's Case 2 US 408; 2 Dall 409; 1 L Ed 436; 2 Dall 408 United States Supreme Court United States circa 1981 Westlaw flag 122
Redish, Preferential Law School Admissions and the Equal Protection Clause: An Analysis of the Competing Arguments 22 University of California at Los Angeles Law Review 343
Weiner v Cuyahoga Community College District
Goldberg v Regents of Univ of California United States - California flag
Ishimatsu v Regents of Univ of Cal United States - California flag

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